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Composition and Identity: A Theoretical Approach to First-Year Composition
Identity has, for some time, been a feature of discussions of social and political issues under the cover of Cultural Studies. In Composition, however, identity has not often been discussed in its psychological or individualistic terms, even as studies have shown that identity is the major influence on what and how people write (Newkirk, 1997; Bracher, 1999; Alcorn, 2002; Tobin, 2004; Tingle, 2004). Resistance to psychological identity in composition is likely due to a lack of understanding of i
Author(s): Swartz, Stephen M.

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An Observational Study Of Pre-Service Teachers’ Classroom Management Strategies
Employee attrition is disproportionately higher in the field of education, especially among novice teachers (Liu & Meyer, 2005). A recent survey of American teachers, conducted by MetLife (2005), found that 20% reported, “maintaining order and discipline in the classroom is the greatest challenge” (p. 5). The focus of this study was the problem of increased teacher attrition rates due to classroom management issues. The participants in the study attended six classroom management workshops t
Author(s): Rockey, Rebecca D.

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The Academic Environment of One Junior High School In Northeastern Pennsylvania as Perceived by the
This ethnographic study describes the academic culture and climate, as it relates to the music program, of a non arts-integrated junior high school as perceived by members of the English, mathematics, music faculty and selected administrators. The study, conducted using a three interview protocol, were guided by four questions: 1) What is the relationship between one’s life experience and their belief systems?; 2) What is the perceived value and influence of a teacher education and music pro
Author(s): Buzzelli-Clarke, Elizabeth

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Favoriser l’intérêt des filles pour la génétique par l’investigation
Depuis plusieurs années, il a été remarqué un désintérêt des jeunes en général, et en particulier des filles, pour les sciences. Cet état de fait est un des critère pris en compte pour concevoir une séquence d’enseignement visant l’apprentissage de la structure de l’ADN et la notion de mutations, en classe de seconde. La séquence sera développée dans le cadre du projet européen SCY (Science Created by You), dont l’objectif est de créer des situations d’investigations suppor
Author(s): Chapel Gwendaël,Marzin Patricia,Ney Muriel,d'Ham

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Anticipating the Audience: An Ethnographic Study of a French-as-a-Foreign-Language Class Creative Wr
This study compared the creative-writing processes of native English speakers (NES) composing for a real audience in two conditions: one group composing in their native language (NL) and the other group composing in French as a foreign language (FFL). Both groups wrote children’s fiction and were aware that children in the community would read their stories. Participants were observed while composing and interviewed about their writing background, composing behaviors, and the texts produced
Author(s): Stiles, Laura

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Randy Wayne White: An American Social Philosopher and Practitioner of Ecological Noir
This dissertation examines the Doc Ford series of mystery novels written by Randy Wayne White (1950-) along with his four volumes of essays. White’s literary output is largely unexplored; he is the subject of only one significant critical study, Maurice O’Sullivan’s “Ecological Noir,” a chapter in Crime Fiction and the Sunshine State (1997), a collection of essays about mystery writers who set their fiction in the state of Florida. With his graceful prose, intricate plots, skillful int
Author(s): Hicks, John

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In Their Own Words: Korean Perspectives on Becoming English Interpreter/Translators
This interview study looks at the learning, life, and experiences of 15 professional Korean English interpreter/translators, exploring influences on their career choice, their education and upbringing, and their perspectives on their careers now. The following research questions guided the study: (1) What kind of background experiences led to these interpreter/translators’ interest in the field? (2) What kinds of language and cultural learning experiences have they had? (3) What experiences do
Author(s): Bahk-Halberg, Jon

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Case Study on social software in distributed working environments
This document outlines four different case studies on the use of Social Software in distributed working environments. While two case studies focus on the corporate world, two other case studies look at the use of Social Software in academic workplaces. The concluding remarks identify some common benefits as well as issues with the use of Social Software and to derive some further research challenges from the different cases. The findings for future research need to be directed towards strategies
Author(s): Kieslinger Barbara,Hofer Margit,Cao Yiwei,Ehms Kar

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Case Study on social software in distributed working environments
This document outlines four different case studies on the use of Social Software in distributed working environments. While two case studies focus on the corporate world, two other case studies look at the use of Social Software in academic workplaces. The concluding remarks identify some common benefits as well as issues with the use of Social Software and to derive some further research challenges from the different cases. The findings for future research need to be directed towards strategies
Author(s): Kieslinger Barbara,Hofer Margit,Cao Yiwei,Ehms Kar

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A Study of a Specific Language Arts and Mathematics Software Program: Is There a Correlation Between
The purpose of this study was to compare usage levels of CompassLearning Odyssey mathematics and language arts software among fifth grade students in order to determine the relationship between usage and achievement. While educational software designed by various companies is a regular part of daily instruction in most public schools across the United States, there remains a need for research-based evidence of the efficacy of specific programs. This study used a quantitative design to compare ac
Author(s): DiLeo, Judy

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ROOTS AND WINGS: LANGUAGE ATTITUDES OF PROFESSIONAL WOMEN NATIVE TO THE BLUE RIDGE MOUNTAINS OF NORT
Many professional Appalachian women have built their careers in employment environments which expect the language of the academy—Standard American English (SAE). This expectation, along with societal beliefs that Appalachian English (AE), the native vernacular of these women, is an inferior language variety, has led many women to balance the two language varieties through bidialectism. This qualitative study explored the language attitudes of twelve professional Appalachian women, seeking a be
Author(s): McBride, Kristina

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Some "Lessons Learned" on Social Software for Professional Learning
This deliverable's Conclusion lists some lessons learnt regarding the use of social software for professional learning. The conclusion is based upon experiences and insights reported by PROLEARN members, and also the following three recent items: A report about a workshop conducted at the European conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work in Limerick, Ireland tackling the gap between CSCW and Social Software; a report about a track at the Professional Training Facts in Stuttgart, Germany
Author(s): Klamma Ralf,Bachwerk Martin

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Reducing cognitive load and fostering cognitive skill acquisition: Benefits of category-avoiding exa
In this paper, we provide evidence against the common idea that worked examples should be designed to convey problem categories and category-specific solution procedures. Instead we propose that instructional examples should be designed in a way that supports the understanding of relations between structural problem features and individual solution steps, i.e. relations that hold below the category level. We illustrate in the domain of probability word problems how category-avoiding instructiona
Author(s): Gerjets Peter,Scheiter Katharina,Catrambone Richar

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The IRIS Shell: "How to Build ITSs from Pedagogical and Design Requisites"
The goal we pursue in our research is to build a shell for helping human instructors to develop intelligent teaching-learning systems in a wide range of domains. We aim to provide a system where a previously defined architecture can be adapted automatically into a new tutor using a set of instructor-generated requirements. Trying to provide a sound basis for this tool, we use a theory of instruction that integrates cognitive processes, instructional events and instructional actions within a thre
Author(s): Arruarte Ana,Fernández-Castro Isabel,Ferrero Bego

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Using A Simulated Student for Instructional Design
In this paper, I describe how a cognitive model was used as a simulated student to help design lessons for training circuit board assemblers. The model was built in the Soar cognitive architecture, and was initially endowed with only an ability to learn instructions and prerequisite knowledge for the task. Five lessons, and a total of 81 instructions for teaching expert assembly were developed by iteratively drafting and testing instructions with the simulated student. The resulting instructions
Author(s): Mertz Joseph S.

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Structural Awareness for Collaborative Learning Environments
In this paper we propose a peer-to-peer support approach that we call structural awareness support. The structural awareness aims to support the communication that takes place in virtual learning communities. Its emphasis is on revealing the group structure to its participants in order to promote collaborative interactions. This support has been implemented on a forum type tool called Mailgroup. It has been tested twice in different contexts, obtaining initial feedback of its pertinence accordin
Author(s): Reyes Pablo,Tchounikine Pierre

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The Changing Role of Arabic in Religious Discourse: A Sociolinguistic Study of Egyptian Arabic
This study examined the language situation in the religious discourse in Egypt. It investigated the switch from Classical Arabic to Egyptian Arabic in the religious domain in one of the most renowned preachers in Egypt, Amr Khaled. In order to investigate the phenomenon, I chose to examine and analyze the instances of codeswitching from Classical Arabic to Egyptian Arabic in ten recordings of religious speeches delivered by Khaled, focusing on the phonological, syntactical, and morphological fea
Author(s): Soliman, Abdelmeneim

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An Examination of the Anxiolytic Effects of Interaction with a Therapy Dog
Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) involves a goal-directed intervention in which an animal is an integral part of the treatment process. The use of AAT is becoming increasingly popular in a variety of fields, including mental health care. Anxiety is one of the primary psychological constructs that has been addressed through the use of AAT in the mental health field. Although there is a wealth of anecdotal information and supposition to support the use of AAT, as well as some research, there remains
Author(s): Morgan, Tiffani Dawn

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Trinity of Consciousness: Body, Mind, Soul and Female Identity in the Novels of Gail Godwin
Gail Godwin‘s novels emphasize the forging of the female self/identity. Even Godwin‘s earliest critics stress the ways Godwin consistently chooses to portray female protagonists as complex female characters; as Godwin‘s critics point out, the crafting of female identity becomes central to the analysis and understanding of Godwin‘s ―vision‖ of/for female identity. My analysis of Godwin‘s work extends from and beyond the groundwork laid by earlier critics. I contend that, even as God
Author(s): Applegate House, Renae Ruth

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