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Calculators, graphs, gestures and the production of meaning
In this paper we report an analysis of a teaching sequence in which Grade 11 students were asked to produce some graphs corresponding to the relationship between time and distance of a cylinder moving up and down an inclined plane. The students were also asked to carry out the experience using a TI 83+ graphic calculator equipped with a sensor, and to discuss and explain the differences between their own graphs and the ones obtained with the calculator. We analyze the students' processes of mea
Author(s): Radford Luis,Demers Serge,Guzmán José,Cerulli Mi

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La natura della mediazione offerta dai sistemi basati su micromondi all’apprendimento della matema
Questo lavoro analizza il ruolo che ambienti basati sull’uso del calcolatore, ed in particolare i micromondi, possono assumere nelle attività di insegnamento e apprendimento di conoscenze matematiche. Il lavoro parte dallo studio di alcuni risultati significativi che si sono avuti in questo campo a livello internazionale. Tale studio viene utilizzato come quadro di riferimento per situare e analizzare una ricerca specifica che abbiamo svolto in questo settore. Tale ricerca riguarda la proge
Author(s): Bottino Rosa Maria,Chiappini Giampaolo

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Studying Changes in Learning Environments BroughtAbout by ICT-Based Systems
Aim of our work is to briefly introduce the main aspects of a methodology for the analysis of individuals and environmental changes brought about by the introduction of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in learning environments. The theoretical framework underpinning our work is that of Activity Theory. More specifically, we draw on the Cole and Engeström modelling of the complex relationships between elements in an activity. We have worked out our contribution on the basis of th
Author(s): Bottino Rosa Maria,Chiappini Giampaolo

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The Grid Shared Desktop for CSCL
The Grid Shared Desktop (GSD) is a collaborative environment that provides a multidimensional humans-to-machine-to-humans interface by the means of multiples cleverly intricated desktops. The GSD is a platform independent solution that benefits of the intrinsic advantages of the Grid technology such as scalability and security. In order to verify that our GSD solution meets CSCL requirements, we have conducted experiments in the context of the ELeGI project. As part of the project use cases, the
Author(s): Cerri Stefano A.,Crubézy Monica,Dugénie Pascal,J

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Mobile Notes: Mobile Devices in Creative Discussions
The trendy notion of “mobile learning” has different connotations: On the one hand, it can be understood as “learning on the move” – often referred to as “learning any time anywhere”. Of course this interpretation relies on specific kinds of technological enabling, but the definition aims at the general setting of learning activities. Particularly, it includes informal learning settings (cf. [1]). A second interpretation sees mobile learning somewhat more pragmatically as learning
Author(s): Bollen Lars,Juarez Guillermo,Hoppe Ulrich

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On-line learning networks: Framework and scenarios
The idea of using the internet as a platform to mediate social interactions and learning at different levels has progressively affirming itself, and this has given rise to a huge number of spontaneous and planned collectives, which are often described as on-line learning networks. On-line learning networks create value through the combination of content and people's knowledge. They can vary widely in the strength and permanence of their connections and the resources necessary to maintain them. A
Author(s): Bottino Rosa Maria

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Mind games, reasoning skills, and the primary school curriculum
This paper reports on a pilot research project aimed at helping to develop some strategic and reasoning abilities in primary school pupils by engaging them in educational itineraries based on the use of a number of computer mind games. The paper briefly describes the project's aims and organization, the kind of games used and the working methodology adopted. It then focuses on some of the cognitive abilities activated by the games. Finally, some pedagogical considerations derived from the study
Author(s): Bottino Rosa Maria,Ott Michela

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Randomness and LEGO robots
This paper reports on a long term experiment concerning the introduction of 7th grade pupils to the concept of randomness. Pupils are involved in activities with Lego robots, and in the joint enterprise of writing an Encyclopaedia. The main lines of the experiment are provided, together with experimental data, highlighting how some specific elements of the chosen educational approach influenced the evolution of pupils' mastery of the concept of randomness.
Author(s): Cerulli Michele,Chioccariello Augusto,Lemut Enrica

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Costruire e gestire ambienti di apprendimento che integrino strumenti tecnologici: analisi di un cas
The paper discusses the results of a research project based on the field testing of a course aimed at developing arithmetic problem solving skills in primary school pupils. The course was designed to incorporate e-learning techniques, including the use of ARI@ITALES authoring tools. These tools allowed the integration in the course of constructivist activities based on interaction with a set of different microworlds. The aims of the project were twofold: to analyse how the adopted approach and t
Author(s): Bottino Rosa Maria,Robotti Elisabetta

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Uso di manipolatori simbolici nell'introduzione all'algebra: realizzazione e sperimentazione di un p
The thesis presents the theoretical background and the main ideas underlying the design, development and experimentation of L'Algebrista, a prototype of symbolic manipulator to introduce pupils to algebra as a theory. The main theoretical framework refers to the theories of Anna Sfard concerning objectification in mathematics.,Unpublished graduation thesis
Author(s): Cerulli Michele

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Multimedia and the learner's experience of narrative
This paper reports on research findings which show that the narrative structure of multimedia programs, or sometimes the lack of it, affects learners' comprehension, often adversely [1,2]. It also reports on initial findings from our current research which aims to develop a theoretical understanding of the forms and functions of narrative in interactive media, based on empirical research, and capable of informing instructional design.
Author(s): Laurillard Diana

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Learning with Digital Technologies in Museums, Science Centres and Galleries
As early as 2002 the number of virtual visitors to many museums' websites had already overtaken the number of physical visitors on-site. These developments, both within the walls of the institution and outside them, provide a number of challenges for educators and curators, at the heart of which lie the questions - what is distinctive about learning in museums, science centres and galleries, and how might this change or evolve through the increasing use of digital technologies?,A NESTA Futurelab
Author(s): Hawkey Roy

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14-19 and Digital Technologies: A review of research and projects
The 14-19 debate goes to the heart of a number of core questions: What is education for? Who should benefit? What attributes do we value and need in our young people as workers, as learners? Where does learning happen? What role should young people themselves play in shaping their education? By outlining the key issues in these debates and reviewing the evidence, the authors of this review map out a framework within which we can create a coherent strategy for the design and use of digital techno
Author(s): Davies Chris,Hayward Geoff,Lukman Linariah

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Towards Short Term Content Adaptation
Recent works in the E-Learning field tend to focus on the learner, leaving the representation and treatment of contents in the background. One of the principal actors that contribute on this focus shift is the adoption of adaptive techniques that profile learners and adjust the contents according to the inferred profiles. In contrast with most adaptive approaches, this work introduces a short-term adaptive strategy whose aim is to capture the instantaneous interests of users. The proposed model
Author(s): Acquaviva Michela,Benini Marco

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Designing Assessment Tools in a Service Oriented Architecture
Assessment is an important component of formal learning, and Computer Assisted Assessment (CAA) is a well established component of most online learning. However, technical issues such as interoperability and security, and pedagogic reservations as to its effectiveness still remain barriers to the uptake of CAA. In this paper we examine a number of current assessment projects, predominantly emanating from the UK, to consider how a service oriented architecture can facilitate the implementation o
Author(s): Davies Will M.,Davis Hugh Charles

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The use case specification of actions in the goal oriented knowledge based learning environment
The proposed goal oriented knowledge acquisition and assessment are based on the flexible educational model and allows to implement an adaptive control of the enhanced learning process according to the requirements of student's knowledge level, his state of cognition and subject learning history. The enhanced learner knowledge model specifies how the cognition state of the user will be achieved step by step. The use case actions definition is a starting point of the specification that depends o
Author(s): Baniulis Kazys,Tamulynas Bronius

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The Model of Collaborative Learning GRID to activate interactivity for Knowledge Building
The purpose of this study is to support the learning activity in the Internet learning space. In this paper, we examine the GRID technology as the knowledge management for supporting "collaborative learning" / " collaboration in learning" (CL). RAPSODY-EX (REX) is a distributed learning support environment organized as a learning infrastructure. REX can effectively carry out to support collaborative activities in asynchronous/ synchronous learning mode. The mixed distributed learning environme
Author(s): Okamoto Toshio,Kayama Mizue

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Prise en compte du contexte algébrique dans la modélisation des connaissances d’un élève. Le c
Nous nous intéressons à la modélisation des connaissances des élèves dans le domaine de l’algèbre. Notre travail utilise les traces des actions des élèves recueillies dans l’environnement informatique Aplusix. Pour capturer une connaissance, il est essentiel de tenir compte de la persistance et de la stabilité d’une action que ce soit dans la durée ou dans la situation. Cependant, deux actions peuvent paraître, de prime abord, contradictoires. Associées au contexte dans lequel
Author(s): Croset Marie-Caroline

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Structuring and merging Distributed Content
A flexible approach for structuring and merging distributed learning object is presented. At the basis of this approach there is a formal representation of a learning object, called attribute structure. Attribute structures are labeled directed graphs representing structured information on the learning objects. When two or more learning objects are merged, the corresponding attribute structures are unified, and the unified structure is attached to the resulting learning object.
Author(s): Stefanutti Luca,Albert Dietrich,Hockemeyer Cord

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Could Grid facilitate demanding Media Watermarking Applications?
Copyright protection is becoming an important issue for organisations that distribute digital content through e-learning applications. One of the most promising methods for copyright protection is digital watermarking, a highly demanding application in terms of CPU load. In this communication, some specific cases are presented where GRID computing could be used as an enabling/assisting technology for watermarking. Specific cases of heavy load mathematical transformations for large media objects
Author(s): Vassiliadis Bill,Fotopoulos Vassilis,Xenos Michali

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