Design patterns for recording and analysing usage of learning systems: State of art of tracking and
This document presents a state of art according to three aspects: use analysis in a wide point of view, tracking and analysing usages and what's on Design Pattern. The objective of this state of art is to synthetise actual works about tracking and analysing usages in order to isolate possibilities of patterns, that's the aim of DPULSE Jeirp. The work on the state of art has been organised as a collaborative task of the DPLUS members. A lot of papers and projects on this topic have been studied.
The Missing Teacher: Contradictions and Conflicts in the Experience of Online Learners
A nationwide Swedish distance education programme, SÄL, was offered to adults with previous higher education studies working as teachers in K-12. A smaller study conducted among this group of students at Göteborg University, Göteborg, revealed concerns regarding teacher performance online. A follow-up and larger study using a questionnaire survey was used to reveal possible conflicts and contradictions in the programme. An analysis suggests that there is a contradiction between how the progra
La programmation logique par contraintes pour l'aide à l'enseignant
Prise en compte de l'enseignant pour invalider des production d'apprenant par construction automatique de contre-exemples.
Vers une approche déclarative pour les logiciels de dessins géométriques
Cet article est consacré à la conception d'un environnement d'apprentissage de la géométrie orienté vers la manipulation directe de figures géométriques. À travers deux exemples d'activités, proposées en classe, on distingue les notions de construction géométriques, de spécification, et de manipulation directe. Dans le cadre ainsi défini, nous présentons notre approche. Elle consiste à intégrer des mécanismes et la méthodologie de l'intelligence artificielle dans un logic
Computer-Supported Scripting of Interaction in Collaborative Learning Environments: Framework on mul
Collaboration scripts aim to facilitate effective interaction patterns for collaborative learning that do not occur spontaneously. So far, diverse non-generic scripts have been conceptualized and investigated in CSCL environments. The specification of collaboration scripts aims to provide a common terminolgy for describing scripts and to abstract the core design principles of scripts to better understand effects and mechanisms of collaboration scripts and to apply and re-apply collaboration scri
TELEOS : de l’analyse de l’activité professionnelle à la formalisation des connaissances pour
L’article expose les fondements théoriques, la méthodologie et quelques illustrations du travail didactique d’analyse des connaissances et du système d’enseignement / apprentissage en milieu hospitalier (chirurgie orthopédique), ainsi qu’une partie de la formalisation informatique de cette connaissance. Cette modélisation permet la prise en compte dans l’environnement informatique de connaissances empiriques pour le diagnostic des connaissances de l’utilisateur en fonction des a
Are well-designed Web sites efficient for learning mathematics at the undergraduate level?
We conducted an experiment in order to examine the effectiveness of an educational Web site, which provides resources to undergraduate students in mathematics. The participants' task was to solve 18 questions about differential equations. Students in the paper condition outperformed those in Web site conditions. There was no difference between the original and an improved Web site version. Moreover, students in all conditions preferred working with the paper resource. Practical and theoretical i
Theory and the practices of learning technology.
This paper examines the link between theory and practice in relation to learning technology. It will do this in the context of a move from working with early adopters to learning technologists engaging with the majority of academic staff (Browne, 2003). This move takes place at the same time that academic staff in tertiary education are being encouraged to engage formally with learning and teaching in a way that is sharply different from previous University practices. Learning technologists curr
Didactical complexity of computational environments for the learning of mathematics
How a microworld is used by students is crucially influenced by the teacher, who has the responsibility of organising the classroom setting in which learning takes place. For this reason this paper focuses on the teacher as a manager of the learning situation, in relation to the students’ construction of meaning. A model of teaching which takes into account interactions between teacher, students and computer is outlined. Although the focus of this paper will be on the teacher, the teacher w
Two Years Of Use Of The Aplusix System
APLUSIX is a learning environment for helping students to learn algebra. This system is designed and developed in the IMAG-Leibniz laboratory. Its basic training mode consists of letting the students perform their owns calculations, thanks to a two-dimensions editor of algebraic expressions, providing feedback on the correctness of the calculations and on the end of the resolution. APLUSIX has now been used for two years at school, in different contexts. One use was made by four teachers during
Designing for cross-cultural web-based knowledge building
This paper describes the iterative design of a web-based collaborative workspace used in educational practice, called WebReports. The systemâs unique feature is that it allows participants to discuss mathematical and scientific concepts using programmed animated and interactive models of their ideas. Rather than focusing on the specific features of the collaboration tool, we analyze it as part of a constructionist activity system. We describe the context in which the system was developed an
Diagnostic et remédiation assistés par ordinateur
Cet article de vulgarisation a pour objectif de montrer en quoi les TICE peuvent aider les apprenants et les enseignants. En particulier, cet article vise à définir et expliquer le diagnostic et la remédiation que peut engendrer le diagnostic (quels sont leurs objectifs, leurs apports d'un point de vue apprenant et enseignant)
Tutorial planning : Adapting course generation to todays needs.
Most of today's course generation does not allow an in-depth, generic representation of pedagogical knowledge. However, supporting individual learners with different goals requires an elaborate representation of pedagogical expertise. In this paper, I describe a framework that adapts existing approaches for representing and using pedagogical knowledge to meet today's needs. Furthermore, I will show how in this framework several of today's problems are solved, such as the integration of distribut
Learning Design Engines as Remote Control to Learning Support Environments.
Context: Chapter 5 of the Learning Design book describes the operational model of a learning design engine based on the concept of finite automata with output alphabet. We rely on this event concept to include pre-existing learning tools in flexibe and rich learning designs. Contribution: We sketch an approach for the integration of complex learning environments in learning designs. Interactive learning support environments, such as argumentation or modelling tools are pre-existent and have a hi
Design approaches in technology enhanced learning
Design is a critical to the successful development of any interactive learning environment (ILE). Moreover, in technology enhanced learning (TEL), the design process requires input from many diverse areas of expertise. As such, anyone undertaking tool development is required to directly address the design challenge from multiple perspectives. We provide a motivation and rationale for design approaches for learning technologies that draws upon Simon's seminal proposition of Design Science (Simon,
TéléCabri, un environnement pour le préceptorat à distance.
L'objectif du projet TéléCabri est de contribuer à la solution de ces problèmes en apportant des moyens complémentaires de l'action humaine pour assurer la continuité de la scolarité pendant l'hospitalisation des enfants ou adolescents. TéléCabri doit apparaître comme une machine partenaire de l'élève autant que de l'enseignant. En intégrant la téléprésence et des fonctionnalités de coopération dans un environnement informatique pour l'apprentissage humain.
Clustering Students to help Evaluate Learning
In this paper we show how clustering techniques can be applied to student answers generated from a web-based tutoring tool. In particular we are interested in extracting clusters of students based on the mistakes they made using the tool, with the aim of obtaining pedagogically relevant information and providing this feedback to the teacher. The data we used comes from the Logic-ITA, a web-based tutoring tool to practice formal proofs currently in use in the School of Information Technologies at
Progression in Multiple Representations: Supporting students' learning with multiple representations
Relating multiple representations and translating between them is important to acquire deeper knowledge about a domain. To relate representations, learners have to mentally search for similarities and differences. To translate between representations, learners need to interpret the effects that changes in one representation have on corresponding representations. The question is how presenting representations may improve or hinder the processes of relation and translation. In this study we examin
Internal and external cooperation scripts in web-based collaborative inquiry learning
Cooperation scripts are a powerful means to improve collaborative learning. Scripts can be designed to support argumentative knowledge construction. However, not only externally induced cooperation scripts but also the learners internal scripts on argumentative knowledge construction influence argumentative processes and what kind of knowledge is acquired during collaboration. In this study, 98 students (49 dyads) of two German secondary schools participated. We implemented two versions (high
Academic Use of Digital Resources: Disciplinary Differences and the Issue of Progression
This paper examines the use of digital resources by academics in UK Higher education. The explosive growth of the Internet and in particular the Web has led to a growth in speculation about networked and e-learning (Steeples and Jones 2003, Brown and Duguid 2000). Increasingly researchers have become aware of the ways the university resists such changes and provides a 'resourceful constraint' to the changes surrounding the introduction of networked learning (Brown and Duguid 2000, Cornford 2002)