Impact of Computer Aided Learning on Children with Specific Learning Disabilities
The Technology Initiatives Division of Azim Premji Foundation has launched programmes for use of computers in rural schooling. One such programme is Computer Aided Leaning (CAL) that envisages deployment of computers as a media to impact learning competencies and to create an attractive environment in the schools. The state government provides the computers in schools and the Foundation has developed required software content designed to aid classroom learning process in specific areas such as m
From Mirroring to Guiding: A Review of State of the Art Technology for Supporting Collaborative Lear
We review a representative selection of systems that support the management of collaborative learning interaction, and characterize them within a simple classification framework. The framework distinguishes between mirroring systems, which display basic actions to collaborators, metacognitive tools, which represent the state of interaction via a set of key indicators, and coaching systems, which offer advice based on an interpretation of those indicators. The reviewed systems are further charact
CLT: Exploring Climate Events and Human Development
This animation on the Climate TimeLine (CTL) site depicts changes in land cover due to land use over the past 100 years. Data is based on census data, tax records, land surveys, and historical geography estimates. This visualization is the work of the National Institute of Public Health and the Environment (RIVM, Netherlands) and the Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment (SAGE, USA).
Can kindergarten children be successfully involved in probabilistic tasks?
This paper describes a classroom teaching experiment, concerning the concept of probability, with children aged 5 in a kindergarten school. The teaching experiment was based on constructivist and interactionist theories about the learning of school mathematics and lasted one month. The collection of the information was based on the tape-recorded interviews with the children (each child was interviewed prior to the research program, at the end of the program and one month later) and the videotape
This unit looks at some of the architectural and programming paradigms used in distributed system development. You will learn about synchronous and asynchronous message passing, distributed objects technology and event-based bus architecture, before finally moving on to tuple architecture.
"A Make-Believe World": Contestants Testify to Deceptive Quiz Show Practices
Television had become the nation's largest medium for advertising by the mid-1950s, when the Revlon cosmetics corporation agreed to sponsor The $64,000 Question, the first prime-time network quiz show to offer contestants fabulous sums of money. As Revlon's average net profit rose in the next four years from $1.2 million to $11 million, a plethora of quiz shows tried to replicate its success. At the height of their popularity, in 1958, 24 network quiz shows--relatively easy and inexpensive to pr
Coffee Break: Tutorial for NCBI Tools
This is a collection of short reports on recent biological discoveries. Each report is about 400 words, and is based on a discovery recently published peer-reviewed literature. It incorporates interactive tutorials that show how bioinformatics tools are used as a part of the research process. Past topics include how salmonella gains entry into human cells, new clues on Alzheimer's pathology, how living organisms tune in to the time of day, and many more.
Building theories: working in a microworld and writing the mathematical notebook
In the framework of a long term teaching experiment we present an Educational approach based on the use of a dynamic geometry software and a symbolic manipulator. Here we present the general ideas of the followed approach focusing on how meanings can originate from phenomenological experience and evolve under the guidance of the teacher. In particular we will focus on meanings related to the ideas of theory, axiom and theorem.
Middle School Portal: Math and Science Pathways (MSP2)
This online reading from the Black Inventor Online Museum focuses on Percy Julian. This reading explores the life, education, and experiences of Julian. As a teacher in organic chemistry at DePauw University, he worked with an associate of his from Vienna, Dr. Josef Pikl, on the synthesis of physostigmine, a drug which was used as a treatment for glaucoma. After much work and adversity, Julian was successful and became internationally hailed for his achievement. Julian developed compounds from s
Reading for Philosophical Inquiry
In this introduction to philosophical thinking, we will read some essays specially chosen from four main areas of interest: (1) the philosophy of life, (2) the philosophy of religion, (3) ethics, and (4) metaphysics and theory of knowledge. Although our approach is not comprehensive, it is reasonably representative of some of the more significant areas of philosophical inquiry. The readings are intended to illustrate the interrelations between these subject areas of philosophy and, as well, to p
Discrimination, Distrust, and Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence Among a
Objective: Although discriminatory health care experiences and health care provider distrust have been shown to be associated with health care disparities, little is known about their contribution to racial/ethnic disparities in antiretroviral therapy adherence. We therefore sought to assess the extent to which discriminatory health care experiences and health care provider distrust influence treatmentrelated attitudes, beliefs, and self-reported adherence in a national sample of HIV-infected pa
Addressing Health Care Disparities and Increasing Workforce Diversity: The Next Step for the Dental,
The racial/ethnic composition of our nation is projected to change drastically in the coming decades. It is therefore important that the health professions improve their efforts to provide culturally competent care to all patients. We reviewed literature concerning health care disparities and workforce diversity issues—particularly within the oral health field— and provide a synthesis of recommendations to address these issues. This review is highly relevant to both the medical and public he
Managing best practice
Professor Chris Voss explains how firms can adopt best practice to succeed
Is the 'Rule of Law' Good for Cities?
There is a widespread consensus that, everywhere in the world, urban development has to be based on the rule of law. But what is 'the rule of law'? Does any formal legal system qualify – or must it have specific requirements? If there are specific requirements, who says what they are? Does the rule of law inhibit – or does it encourage – the extent of privatisation of urban space? Does it require the abolition of informal settlements and businesses or allow them? This lecture will investig
Towards a new response to climate change - perspectives from Australia
With its ratification of the Kyoto Protocol in December 2007 and commitment to introduce an emissions trading scheme - the Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme - in 2010, the Australian Government has taken the opportunity to approach climate change policy from a fresh perspective. Senator Wong will outline the Government's global and domestic policy approach, with particular emphasis on the key role of market-based mechanisms. Penny Wong was appointed Australia's Minister for Climate Change and Wa
LSE Literary Weekend - Designing Spaces for Thought
By exploring the experiential and social impacts of creating spaces for public engagement, contemplation and education - including the Fourth Plinth at Trafalgar Square and the LSE's New Academic Building - an artist, an architect and a sociologist discuss the intellectual practice of 'designing spaces for thought'.
Human Security in an Age of Turbulence
Mary Kaldor is a prolific author who has written widely on a range of key issues over the years ranging from the 'Baroque Arsenal' (1982) a study that challenged the logic of militarism and the belief that more weapons meant more security, through to her groundbreaking 'New Wars'(1999) a book that reveals the new forms that organized violence will take in the 21st century. Mary Kaldor today is one of the most influential and respected alternative voices in the field of applied international poli
Tropical Environmental Health
Inadequate water supplies and lack of sanitation facilities represent major hazards to the public health in many parts of the world. In spite of the International Water Supply Decade, (1980-1990) there are more people without facilities approaching minimum standards now than existed at the beginning of the program. Without improvements in these areas, there can be no hope that there will be an overall improvement in the health of the nations which constitute the Third World. Yet appropriate tech
Building Social Business: The New Kind Of Capitalism That Serves Humanity's Most Pressing Needs.
Muhammad Yunus has developed a visionary new dimension for capitalism which he calls "social business". By harnessing the energy of profit-making to the objective of fulfilling human needs, social business creates self-supporting, viable commercial enterprises that generate economic growth even as they produce goods and services that make the world a better place. In Building Social Business, Professor Yunus shows how social business has gone from being a theory to an inspiring practice, adopted
What do we mean when we say globalisation? Does the growth of globalisation hinder or benefit mankind? It’s a common assumption that countries globalise but in fact it’s not nations themselves but rather the Industries and companies that trade within and outside their borders. As new forms of technology emerge and organisations expand they erode traditional boundaries and in recent times there has been a rise in interconnectedness of markets across the world. In the following audio tracks Su