Learning Objects 3 and Instructional Design
Learning Objects and Instructional Design is focused upon the art and the science of producing learning objects that meet educational standards and needs as well as technological and functional criteria. Written by educators from across the globe, the book emphasizes two critical, strategic factors: 1) form follows function, and 2) learning objects must address the needs and desires of learners within their learning or educational context. The book integrates issues such as multimedia for instru
Advanced Principles of Effective e-Learning
With the global academic community currently focused on student learning outcomes achievement, assessment, and continuous improvement, e-learning strategies provide effective measures than can assist educators and educational administrators in the satisfaction of key objectives. Whether it is creating and incorporating simulations, building courses and curriculum, engaging in virtual team building, managing online programs, concept mapping, developing an electronic portfolio program, creating ac
A symbolic manipulator to introduce pupils to algebra theory
Within the theoretical framework of Vygotsky's theory, the paper presents a new algebra software. The main features of the software are described and their potentialities are discussed. According to the Vygotskian theory, expressions and commands may be thought as external signs of the Algebraic theory, and as such, they may become instruments of semiotic mediation: In other terms they can be used by the teacher, in the concrete realisation of classroom activity, according to the motive of intr
Studying Changes in Learning Environments BroughtAbout by ICT-Based Systems
Aim of our work is to briefly introduce the main aspects of a methodology for the analysis of individuals and environmental changes brought about by the introduction of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in learning environments. The theoretical framework underpinning our work is that of Activity Theory. More specifically, we draw on the Cole and Engeström modelling of the complex relationships between elements in an activity. We have worked out our contribution on the basis of th
The Grid Shared Desktop: a bootstrapping environment for collaboration
The paradigm shift from an information sharing infrastructure (i.e., the Web) to a resource sharing infrastructure (i.e., the Grid) has boosted the development of a new generation of online services. In particular, Grid services are stateful, dynamic and operate in a secure environment. Therefore they offer capabilities that are essential to remote collaboration. In this paper, we tackle the problem of bootstrapping and supporting a collaborative environment over a Grid infrastructure. As we tar
Elup Editor Conceptual Guide and User Manual
The eLup editor: elearning Quality Process Editor is based on the conceptual model adopted by the E-Quality project (www.e-quality-eu.org). The purpose of the eLup software is to enable the e-learning professional to structure and document the quality approach used in his/her organisation by making use of the approach and findings of the equality project. The eLup software was developed within Montpellier 2 University. The software is a model editor coupled with a database using Java, MySQL and
A Class Divided 1: The Daring Lesson
This segment from FRONTLINE: "A Class Divided" profiles an experiment in discrimination based on eye color that took place in a third-grade class in 1970.
Mobile Notes: Mobile Devices in Creative Discussions
The trendy notion of “mobile learning” has different connotations: On the one hand, it can be understood as “learning on the move” – often referred to as “learning any time anywhere”. Of course this interpretation relies on specific kinds of technological enabling, but the definition aims at the general setting of learning activities. Particularly, it includes informal learning settings (cf. ). A second interpretation sees mobile learning somewhat more pragmatically as learning
Il ruolo delle nuove tecnologie per superare le difficoltà di apprendimento in aritmetica
Nell’articolo si fa riferimento a varie sperimentazioni che abbiamo realizzato per studiare il ruolo che le tecnologie dell’infromazione e della comunicazione possono svolgere nel superamento delle difficoltà che emergono nell’apprendimento in campo aritmetico e nella soluzione di problemi aritmetici. L’approccio che abbiamo seguito ha come riferimento la teoria della “distributed cognition”, secondo cui la conoscenza è sempre contestualizzata, distribuita negli strumenti, nelle at
Computational Mathetics: Towards a Science of Learning Systems Design
The aim of this report is simply to help put the design of computer-based systems to support learning on a more scientific footing. The aim is simply stated, but its achievement is more difficult. For one thing, it is not at all obvious what "more scientific" means in this context. However, it is essential for AI-ED research to take better account of the concepts of 'situation', 'context', 'community', 'discourse', 'social learning', and so on, but these terms need to be defined, not used as man
Learning with Digital Technologies in Museums, Science Centres and Galleries
As early as 2002 the number of virtual visitors to many museums' websites had already overtaken the number of physical visitors on-site. These developments, both within the walls of the institution and outside them, provide a number of challenges for educators and curators, at the heart of which lie the questions - what is distinctive about learning in museums, science centres and galleries, and how might this change or evolve through the increasing use of digital technologies?,A NESTA Futurelab
Crossword - MTW Trees/Timber
Simple crossword suitable for first year and second year. The clues are based on trees and wood. Answers are not included.
Towards Short Term Content Adaptation
Recent works in the E-Learning field tend to focus on the learner, leaving the representation and treatment of contents in the background. One of the principal actors that contribute on this focus shift is the adoption of adaptive techniques that profile learners and adjust the contents according to the inferred profiles. In contrast with most adaptive approaches, this work introduces a short-term adaptive strategy whose aim is to capture the instantaneous interests of users. The proposed model
Designing Assessment Tools in a Service Oriented Architecture
Assessment is an important component of formal learning, and Computer Assisted Assessment (CAA) is a well established component of most online learning. However, technical issues such as interoperability and security, and pedagogic reservations as to its effectiveness still remain barriers to the uptake of CAA. In this paper we examine a number of current assessment projects, predominantly emanating from the UK, to consider how a service oriented architecture can facilitate the implementation o
Towards On-Line Services Based on a Holistic Analysis of Human Activities
Very often computer scientists view computerization of services in terms of the logistics of human-machine interaction, including establishing a contract, accessing records, and of course designing an interface. But this analysis often moves too quickly to tactical details, failing to frame the entire service in human terms, and not recognizing the mutual learning required to define and relate goals, constraints, and the personalized value of available services. In particular, on-line services t
The Model of Collaborative Learning GRID to activate interactivity for Knowledge Building
The purpose of this study is to support the learning activity in the Internet learning space. In this paper, we examine the GRID technology as the knowledge management for supporting "collaborative learning" / " collaboration in learning" (CL). RAPSODY-EX (REX) is a distributed learning support environment organized as a learning infrastructure. REX can effectively carry out to support collaborative activities in asynchronous/ synchronous learning mode. The mixed distributed learning environme
SCORM and the Learning Grid
The Sharable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM) is a profile of several elearning specification to ensure the reusability and interoperability of elearning content in web based Learning Management Systems (LMSs). Learning grids - learning environments built on the technology of grid services - are a promising new approach to enhance quality of elearning by overcoming the page oriented structure of the web. This paper investigates how SCORM can be used in conjunction with learning grids. Aft
Virtual Reality for Learning: Sharing Experiences rather than Resources
Virtual Reality is becoming a major candidate for embodying immersive learning environments. Whereas in the two preceding decades learning has been conceptualized as situations where students are guided rather than elicited to undertake actions, it is now the right time to explore the other side or the continuum.
Open Learning Service Scenarios on GRIDs
The position paper focuses on the concepts of Service Elicitation and Evaluation/Exploitation Scenarios (SEES) and, in particular, on experimental protocols for justifying, motivating, implementing and exploiting Learning GRID's services for very large numbers of potential users.
The Triangle Teacher - Pupil - Knowledge in E-Learning Environment
Our proposal starts from the study of the epistemological statute of the didactics of the mathematics (Henry, 1991; D'Amore, 1999), which faces the phenomenon of learning from the point of view of fundaments, in order to give useful and specific considerations for e-learning environment. In particular we will focus on how the triangle, teacher-pupil-knowledge changes when we use e-learning platforms.