4.3 Attending across modalities

The preceding section raised the issue of attention operating (and to some extent failing) across two sensory modalities. By focusing on distraction we ignored the fact that sight and sound (and other senses) often convey mutually supporting information. A classic example is lip-reading. Although few of us would claim any lip-reading skills, it turns out that, particularly in noisy surroundings, we supplement our hearing considerably by watching lip movements. If attention is concerned with u
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1.3 Disability facts and figures

There are many sources on the web that have disability statistics. We found the following at CSR Europe.

  • The International Labour Organisation estimates that there are 610 million disabled people worldwide.

  • Four hundred million disabled people live in the world's developing countries

  • Disability is estimated to affect 10 per cent to 20 per cent of every country's population, a percentage that is expected to grow becaus
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1 What is monitoring?

Monitoring means gathering evidence to show what progress has been made towards strategic priorities and targets and the implementation of policies.

Evaluation means making judgements about the results.

DfES 2003, National Training Programme for New Governors, Module 2, p. 4.

Monitoring is a key aspect of governors' remit; it is necessary so that governing bodies can carry out their strat
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3 What does the data tell us?

Data never gives you the answers: it helps you to ask the questions.

(Hawker, 1998)

Realistically, what governors can glean from attainment data, without assistance from the professionals, either in school or through the Local Authority (LA), may be limited, depending on your experience of reading statistical information.

A single set of figures, relating to only one year's results, may n
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1.3. Moving forward

Language is constantly changing: words come and go and human history is caught like a fly in amber in words we use without thinking every day. By developing in our students the awareness of links, cognates, changes in meaning, oddities of spelling and sound, we enrich not just their mother tongue and foreign languages but their knowledge of global history of the last two thousand years.

The state
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1.1 Teaching languages: language awareness

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Acknowledgements

Author Details

This unit was prepared for TeachandLearn.net by Ronnie Goldstein and Alan Bloomfield. Ronnie Goldstein was formerly a lecturer in the Faculty of Educational and Language Studies at The Open University. Alan Bloomfield is Deputy Head of School of Education at Cheltenham and Gloucester College of Higher Education.

Other acknowledgements

The content acknowledged below is Pr
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References

Bills, C. (2002) ‘Mental mathematics’ in Haggarty, L. (ed.), Aspects of Teaching Secondary Mathematics: Perspectives on Practice, London, Routledge.
Mason, J. (1988) ‘Imagery, imagination and mathematics classrooms’ in Pimm, D. (ed.), Mathematics, Teachers and Children, Sevenoaks, Hodder and Stoughton.
The Open University (1988) ME234 Using Mathemati
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2.1 Providing careers education and guidance

It is crucial for young people to have high-quality and impartial information and guidance to get the most out of their learning, to enable successful progression from one stage to another and to inform the important choices that young people make.

14–19 Education and Skills (DfES, 2005)

Since the 1997 Education Act, there has been a statutory requirement for schools in England to provide CEG
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2.3 Co-analysis of practice

Carrying out observations of the student teacher is an important part of mentor activity and one of the major ways that mentors gather evidence to improve practice. Observations are most useful when they are followed by an opportunity for the mentor and student teacher to debrief the session, consider the implications of what happened and set targets for further development. This process of observation and debriefing is called co-analysis of practice.

Observations provide evidence for f
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4.6 Actividad

Actividad 4.5

Listen to the audio clip and do the exercise.

Escuche y participe.

Working together for children: Stirling
The care of children, especially those with disabilities, is surrounded by complex issues. Learning to navigate these difficulties while helping children to lead a happy and fulfilling life is the focus of this unit. Video footage from the Plus organisation in Stirling, Scotland, will help you develop a skilled, dynamic and ethical approach to working with children.Author(s): Creator not set

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2 Community

As you've just seen, ‘community’, an ever present word, evokes some contrasting meanings. It has been described as a ‘keyword’, that is, a word which has its own particular history but which also plays a significant role in putting across different meanings. Identifying a keyword is to go further than just giving a dictionary definition because:

Keywords have been more than ways of seeing: they have been influe
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Introduction

The current political agenda requires service users' views to be incorporated into the design of health and social care services (Department of Health, 2006). Services are assessed by the quality of the outcomes they provide for users. Frontline managers are responsible for gathering service user views on their needs. Whose views should be taken into account? How do managers gather views? This unit helps you consider ways of getting feedback from service users, and shows the inclusive approac
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1.2 Hearing about critical practice

Activity 2

1 hour 0 minutes

Listen to the following audio clips, ‘Panel discussion on critical practice’, Part 1: Critical practice.


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2.2.2 Florence Foster

In 2000, Florence Foster was in her sixties. For a number of years, she had lived in a tenement in Dundee owned by a private landlord. As she describes in the programme, her accommodation was extremely damp and difficult to heat. There was green mould growing in the wardrobe in her bedroom, and all the window frames were rotten. She was dependent on electric fires for heating, which she had to pay for through a card meter. Her weekly income did not enable her to put sufficient cards in the me
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7 Audio clip 4: Paul

Paul was 30 years old when he was interviewed. He had been in and out of homelessness for most of his adult life, but had become a volunteer with the Cyrenians. He was living in a shared house with some other volunteers.

Paul spent much of his childhood in a caravan in Happy Valley, near the sea, with his parents, brothers and sisters. At 21, when he was living with his girlfriend and her parents, his daughter was born. When she was two months old, they were kicked out, and Paul went to
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2.8 References for Extract 1

Banks, S. (2001) Ethics and Values in Social Work, 2nd edn, London, BASW/Macmillan.

British Association of Social Workers (BASW) (2002) Code of Ethics for Social Work, BASW,

Dalrymple, J. and Burke, B. (1995) Anti Oppressive Practice and the Law, Buckingham, Open University Press.

Howe, D. (1999) ‘Values in Social Work’ in Davies, M., Howe, D. and Kohli, R. Assessing Competence and
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2.4.2 Holism and ideas about the body

Reductionist medical approaches have been criticised for providing a fixed, mechanistic view of the body, which fails to capture the patient's experience. The power associated with biomedical diagnoses and expertise means that patients’ explanations for their illnesses are often overlooked or dismissed. Does holism, which seeks to treat the mind, body and spirit, fare any better in giving patients a sense of control or ownership of what their illness means? This question is often reframed i
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Developing Innovative Leaders: The Role of Action Learning part 2 of 2

Yury Boshyk, Global Executive Learning Network

Katherine Hoepfner-Karle, Covidien

Valerie Marsick, Columbia University

Wanda Orlikowski, MIT Sloan


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