Preliminary Bibliography on The Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male
Books and Theses Journal Articles Video, Film, and Television
Health care workers wanted; Minority, disadvantaged students shown possible careers
Carmilla Black wants to be a pediatric nurse, and that's good news for a city looking for minority health care workers. She likes medicine and children and thinks the career would be a good fit for her personality. The Rufus King High School senior is not sure if she'll attend college in Wisconsin, Tennessee or Minnesota, but she definitely knows that she'll work somewhere in the Milwaukee area once she completes her schooling. To ensure that Black and other graduates with similar in
The Association of Race, Socioeconomic Status, and Health Insurance Status With the Prevalence of Ov
Objectives. We examined the effect of race, socioeconomic status, and health insurance status on the prevalence of overweight among children and adolescents. Methods. We studied an observational cohort from the 1996 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Household Component. Results. In the younger group, both Black and Latino children had a greater likelihood of being overweight compared with White children. Among the adolescent group, Latinos and Asian/Pacific Islanders were more likely to be over
Population Aging and Economic Growth
Between 2000 and 2050, the share of the population aged 60 and over is projected to increase in every country in the world; the same is true for the 80+ population in all but one country (Mali). Worldwide, the largest absolute increases are yet to come. Although labor force participation rates are projected to decline from 2000 to 2040 in most countries, due mainly to changes in their age distributions, laborforce- to-population ratios will actually increase in most countries. This is because lo
Social Disparities in Housing and Related Pediatric Injury: A Multilevel Study
Objectives. We conducted an ecologic analysis to determine whether housing characteristics mediate the associations between concentration of poverty and pediatric injury and between concentration of racial minorities and pediatric injury and whether the association between housing conditions and pediatric injury is independent of other risks. Methods. We created a hierarchical data set by linking individual-level data for pediatric injury with census data. Effect sizes were estimated with a Poi
Perceived Versus Actual Risk for Hypertension and Diabetes in the African American Community
Hypertension and diabetes mellitus are leading health concerns in the United States. Despite a disproportionate burden of both conditions among African Americans, it is estimated that 44% of diabetes cases and one quarter of hypertension cases within this population are undiagnosed. Lack of awareness of the risk of these conditions may hinder preventive efforts and the adoption of positive lifestyle changes. Based on the findings from a pilot study to develop and standardize uniform screening fo
A methodological note on modeling the effects of race: the case of psychological distress
Psychological distress is an important indicator of the mental well-being of the population. Findings regarding racial differences in distress are inconclusive but may represent an important pathway through which disparities exist across a number of physical health outcomes. We used data from the 1994 Minority Health Survey, a nationally representative multiracial/ethnic sample of adults in US households, to examine racial/ethnic differences in psychological distress (n = 3623). Our primary stud
A National Study of Chronic Disease Prevalence and Access to Care in Uninsured U.S. Adults
Background: No recent national studies have assessed chronic illness prevalence or access to care among persons without insurance in the United States. Objective: To compare reports of chronic conditions and access to care among U.S. adults, by self-reported insurance status. Design: Population-based survey. Setting: National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (1999–2004). Participants: 12 486 patients age 18 to 64 years. Measurements: Estimates of national rates of cardiovascular d
Experiences of Racism Among African American Parents and the Mental Health of Their Preschool-Aged C
Objectives. We examined the relationship between parents’ experiences of racism and children’s well-being and the influence of the residential neighborhood characteristics on this relationship. Methods. African American families were recruited from Baltimore neighborhoods. Parental measures included racism experiences and coping. Neighborhood measures included demographic characteristics, social cohesion, and social climate. Children’s mental health was assessed with the Child Behavior Ch
Endometrial Cancer: Socioeconomic Status and Racial/Ethnic Differences in Stage at Diagnosis, Treatm
Objective. We evaluated the association between socioeconomic status and racial/ ethnic differences in endometrial cancer stage at diagnosis, treatment, and survival. Methods. We conducted a population-based study among 3656 women. Results. Multivariate analyses showed that either race/ethnicity or income, but not both, was associated with advanced-stage disease. Age, stage at diagnosis, and income were independent predictors of hysterectomy. African American ethnicity, increased age, aggressi
The Health Impact of Resolving Racial Disparities: An Analysis of US Mortality Data
The US health system spends far more on the “technology” of care (e.g., drugs, devices) than on achieving equity in its delivery. For 1991 to 2000, we contrasted the number of lives saved by medical advances with the number of deaths attributable to excess mortality among African Americans. Medical advances averted 176 633 deaths, but equalizing the mortality rates of Whites and African Americans would have averted 886202 deaths. Achieving equity may do more for health than perfecting the te
Confronting Health Inequity: The Global Dimension
Since the days of Hippocrates, health inequities and the role of social and environmental factors in the determination of marked differences in health status have been well recognized. For some time now, the driving force behind public health has been understanding and intervening in the underlying causes of health inequity. The publication of the Black Report1 in the United Kingdom in 1980 brought a more focused approach to this discourse by identifying specific factors, such as social class, g
Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Preschool Immunizations: United States, 1996–2001
Objectives. We examined current racial/ethnic differences in immunization coverage rates among US preschool children. Methods. Using National Immunization Survey data from 1996 through 2001, we compared vaccination coverage rates between non-Hispanic White, non-Hispanic Black, Hispanic, and Asian preschool children. Results. During the 6-year study period, the immunization coverage gap between White and Black children widened by an average of 1.1% each year, and the gap between White and Hispa
Racial Differences in 30-Day Mortality for Pulmonary Embolism
Objectives. Previous studies reported a higher incidence of in-hospital mortality for Black patients who had pulmonary embolism than for White patients. We used a large statewide database to compare 30-day mortality (defined as death within 30 days from the date of latest hospital admission) for Black and White patients who were hospitalized because of pulmonary embolism. Methods. The study cohort consisted of 15531 discharged patients who had been treated for pulmonary embolism at 186 Pennsylv
All publications on musculoskeletal
Provided by the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, this site provides access to factsheets, reports, literature reviews, e-facts, and magazines on work-related musculoskeletal disorders. All publications are available to download in PDF format.
A lecture by Kevin Rudd, Prime Minister of Australia
The Australian Prime Minister, Mr Rudd, was elected to office in November last year and moved quickly to ratify the Kyoto Protocol and deliver a national apology to the Stolen Generations of Indigenous Australians. He has identified fighting inflation, acting decisively on climate change, improving the health and hospital system, investing in education and putting fairness back into Australian workplaces as his Government's key priorities. Mr Rudd has said that his Government's mandate is to bui
Contemporary Biosocial Problems in America
Part of Tufts overall mission is to emphasize citizenship and public service. This course starts with the premise that understanding the social uses and misuses of biological knowledge is of particular importance for future health professionals and scientists. Specifically, developing skills in critical thinking and analysis of arguments is crucial if we are to deal rationally with value-laden and controversial topics at the intersection of biology and society.
High School Environmental Center
This is a portal to environmental resources. It organizes sites by topics: air pollution, climate change, global warming; conservation of energy, soil, and water; coral reefs, forests, watersheds, and other ecosystems; drinking water, waste water, ground water; asthma, lead, pesticides, sun protection, and other health issues; waste and recycling; and local data and maps.
Design against crime leaflet 2005
Leaflet detailing the areas of research conducted by the Design Against Crime (DAC) Research Centre. This includes past, current and future projects. Areas include socially responsive design, crime-resistant products, interior and exterior environments, clothing and systems, communications, design licensing opportunities, consultancy, knowledge transfer, industry linked projects.
Earth Processes in the Critical Zone
EARTH 530 will introduce you to the basic information necessary for understanding Earth surface processes in the Critical Zone through an integration of various scientific disciplines. Those who successfully complete EARTH 530 will be able to apply their knowledge of fundamental concepts of Earth surface processes to understanding outstanding fundamental questions in Critical Zone science and how their lives are intimately linked to Critical Zone health.