Principles for designing Web searching instruction
Web searching is a timely topic which importance is recognized by researchers, educators and instructional designers. This paper aims to guide these practitioners in developing instructional materials for learning to search the Web. It does so by articulating ten design principles that attend to the content and presentation of Web searching instruction. These principles convey a mixture of insights gleaned from instructional theory, empirical research, and many hours of classroom experience. Tog
Author(s): Lazonder Ard

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Minimalist instruction for learning to search the World Wide Web.
This study examined the efficacy of minimalist instruction to develop self-regulatory skills involved in Web searching. Two versions of minimalist self-regulatory skill instruction were compared to a control group that was merely taught procedural skills to operate the search engine. Acquired skills were tested on Web search tasks and search tasks in an online library catalogue. Self-regulatory skill instruction was found to increase practice time by 25%. However, it did not enhance search perfo
Author(s): Lazonder Ard

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Exploring novice users' training needs in searching information on the World Wide Web.
Searching for information on the WWW involves locating a website and locating information on that site. A recent study implied that novice users' training needs exclusively relate to locating websites. The present case study tried to reveal the knowledge and skills that constitute these training needs. Fourteen pre-university students, classified as novice (n = 7) or experienced WWW-user (n = 7) performed three web search tasks. Their actions and verbalisations were recorded. Between-group compa
Author(s): Lazonder Ard

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Supporting peer interaction in online learning environments
This paper reports two studies into the efficacy of sentence openers to foster online peer-to-peer interaction. Sentence openers are pre-defined ways to start an utterance that are implemented in communication facilities as menu’s or buttons. In the first study, typical opening phrases were derived from naturally occurring online dialogues. The resulting set of sentence openers was implemented in a semi-structured chat tool that allowed students to compose messages in a free-text area or via se
Author(s): Lazonder Ard

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The influence of representational format on learner-generated domain representations and mathematica
The purpose of this study was (a) to assess the effects of learner-generated domain representations on understanding combinatorics and probability theory and (b) to investigate the effects of the format (graphical, arithmetical, or textual) in which learners create their domain representation. A pretest-posttest design was applied in which four conditions were compared: three experimental conditions in which learners constructed a personal representation of the domain in a graphical, arithmetica
Author(s): Kolloffel Bas,Eysink Tessa,de Jong Ton

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La construction de protocole de travaux pratiques de chimie à l’aide d’un logiciel: quels apport
L’article présente une étude effectuée avec des élèves de terminale S, à partir de l’utilisation du logiciel Educ@ffix.net qui a pour objet l’acquisition de connaissances procédurales et déclaratives par la réalisation d’un protocole expérimental en chimie. La situation-problème proposée consiste à déterminer la concentration du colo- rant E124 dans un sirop de grenadine. Dans un premier temps, la situation pédagogique modélisée dans l’environnement informatique est décri
Author(s): Marzin Patricia,Ergun Mustafa,Girault Isabelle,d'H

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Indexer des situations d'apprentissage coopératif
Cet article est l'étude d'une indexation de documents produits par des enseignants concepteurs dans le cadre de formations à distance conduites avec l'environnement d'apprentissage ACOLAD. Les documents nommés "énoncé de situation d'apprentissage" sont des situations de départ pour des activités en groupe proposées aux apprenants. Les auteurs des situations d'apprentissage ainsi que des tiers enseignants attribuent des critères à ces documents pour créer une banque de ressources et pe
Author(s): Faerber Richard

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Learning Science through Collaborative Visualization over the Internet
Ten years ago, we launched the Learning through Collaborative Visualization, or CoVis Project. "Collaborative visualization" refers to development of scientific knowledge that is mediated by scientific visualization tools in a collaborative learning context. Funded by the National Science Foundation as an advanced networking testbed, our partnership of Northwestern University, Bellcore, Ameritech, the Exploratorium Science Museum in San Francisco, and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champai
Author(s): Pea Roy D.

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Supporting Conceptual Awareness with Pedagogical Agents
This paper describes a series of efforts in building and conceptualizing software agents for distributed collaborative learning. The agents are referred to as pedagogical agents. We have integrated pedagogical agents within two collaborative environments, TeamWave Workplace and Future Learning Environment. The role of agents in these environments differs from past work on software agents in their function as extended awareness mechanisms, focusing on task and concept awareness (conceptual a
Author(s): Mørch Anders,Jondahl Silje,Dolonen Jan A.

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Informatics-based Learning Resources for Patients and their Relatives in recovery
In this paper we describe experiences from design of an informatics-based learning resource for patients and relatives. The prototype, REPARERE (learning REsource for PAtients and RElatives during REcovery), aims to support patients and their family recovering from heart surgery in meeting challenges in to daily living post discharge. Using recovery experiences and patient teaching material, REPARERE includes examples of textual information, video-clips, images and illustrations relevant to th
Author(s): Moen Anne,Smørdal Ole

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Open Learning Service Scenarios on GRIDs
The position paper focuses on the concepts of Service Elicitation and Evaluation/Exploitation Scenarios (SEES) and, in particular, on experimental protocols for justifying, motivating, implementing and exploiting Learning GRID's services for very large numbers of potential users.
Author(s): Cerri Stefano A.

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Informaticiens et didacticiens peuvent-ils travailler ensemble ?
Au cours du développement de l’EIAH APLUSIX, il y a eu de nombreuses occasions d’un travail partagé entre informaticiens et didacticiens. Quelques-unes sont décrites succinctement, illustrant différentes formes de collaborations selon des schémas producteur consommateur. Lors de la mise en place de patrons d’exercices et d’une carte de tests, une coopération plus approfondie a été possible, tout en respectant les disciplines de chacun. Cette mise en place de patrons d’exercices et d
Author(s): Bouhineau Denis,Bronner Alain,Chaachoua Hamid,Nica

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Cognitive factors related to user involvement with computers and their effects upon learning from an
Cognitive theories proposed to explain the high motivation to use, and deep involvement with computers, often found in schoolchildren suggest three main factors. They are: desire in the user to control the computer; the user responds to a perceived challenge from the computer; and the user wishes to explore the complexity of the computer software. The paper describes an experiment using a specifically developed piece of software to investigate these factors and to assess their effects on involve
Author(s): Wishart Jocelyn

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Selection and use of domain ontologies in Learning Networks for Lifelong Competence Development
A general problem in life-long learning is how to develop flexible and adaptive learning content, and how to choose and deliver the most appropriate learning activities for the learner. In order to solve this problem, we need to have the proper knowledge model, and clear interpretation how to use it. One possible solution is to use IMS Learning Design for modelling the learning process and ontologies for representing the domain knowledge and competencies. In this paper we present one specific ap
Author(s): Yordanova Korneliya,Stefanov Krassen

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Supporting teachers when diagnosing their students in algebra
In this paper we will describe our current work on the Lingot project. We will focus on the description of a software called « Pépite », the objective of which is to help teachers diagnose their students' algebra competencies. Then we will show how different uses of Pepite by teachers lead us to define several types of diagnosis in order to fit better various users' needs.
Author(s): Delozanne Elisabeth,Grugeon Brigitte,Previt Domini

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Report on NLP-based CALL Workshop
This deliverable is a report on the one-day workshop on NLP-based CALL that was organized on 13 April 2006 by the JEIRP partners as a contribution to an increased visibility of the project and the Kaleidoscope network. The workshop’s bilingual title was: “Integrating Natural Language Processing and Computer-Assisted Language Learning: current status and future prospects” “Traitement automatique des langues et Apprentissage des langues assisté par ordinateur : quelles perspectives d'int
Author(s): Granger Sylvianne,Antoniadis Georges,Fairon Cédri

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Virtual mental space: interacting with the characters of works of literature
We build the software implementation of virtual mental space: its inhabitants are interacting with the literature characters in natural language. The players are encouraged to ask questions about intentions and desires, knowledge and believes, pretending and deceiving of the literature characters. Works of literature are identified based on the patterns of mental interaction between the characters. Reasoning about mental states and natural language processing with the semantic focus are the tech
Author(s): Galitsky Boris

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Advanced Educational Technologies : Knowledge Revisited
Advanced Educational Technology (AET) R&D cannot avoid the question of the nature of knowledge which is at the core of both learning and teaching or training. The way this problem can be handled for the purpose of design and implementation of systems supporting human learning, the question of knowledge representations for the purpose of computational models as well as the question of the place of knowledge in person/machine interactions suggest that knowledge should be revisited in the light o
Author(s): Balacheff Nicolas

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Clustering Students to help Evaluate Learning
In this paper we show how clustering techniques can be applied to student answers generated from a web-based tutoring tool. In particular we are interested in extracting clusters of students based on the mistakes they made using the tool, with the aim of obtaining pedagogically relevant information and providing this feedback to the teacher. The data we used comes from the Logic-ITA, a web-based tutoring tool to practice formal proofs currently in use in the School of Information Technologies at
Author(s): Merceron Agathe,Yacef Kalina

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Designing to facilitate learning through networked technologies: factors influencing the implementat
Recent advances in computers and telecommunications have allowed networked learning to play a significant role to play across the complete spectrum of higher education teaching. One of the most significant UK government initiatives to date has been the development the Information Environment (IE) originally called as the Distributed National Electronic Resource (DNER), which is aiming to create a managed environment for accessing quality assured information resources on the Internet (IE, 2004).
Author(s): Zenios Maria,Jones Chris,Goodyear Peter,Asensio Mi

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