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Providing feedback in web-based learning
In distance learning supported by LMS, it is extremely important to provide automated or partially automated feedback about learning outcomes to students as well as feedback about the efficiency and quality of teaching and learning to teachers and to management of the institution that provides web-based learning courses. In this article, we present the solutions implemented in the LMS eCampus that are theoretically grounded and have been proved in praxis.
Author(s): Bele Julija Lapuh,Rugelj Jože

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E-Learning practices and Web 2.0
In September 2005, more than 2 years ago O’Reilly published the original definition of the idea of Web 2.0. In the wake of this hype the similar changes in E-Learning have been summarized in the term “E-Learning 2.0”. This paper aims to give a consolidated review on the development in these two years; which technologies and trends proved to be enduring and how the concept of Web 2.0 has influenced ELearning in this time. The basic concepts summarized in the term E-Learning 2.0 are presented a
Author(s): Safran Christian,Helic Denis,Gütl Christian

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An Interactive, Multimedia Environment for Exploring Tonal Pitch Space
Because they depict relations among musical pitches, chords, and key, charts in Fred Lerdahl’s Tonal Pitch Space can be rendered more accurately and vividly with multimedia authoring software. My renderings enable a user to orient charts toward any specific key, trace any of numerous possible paths, determine the depth of embedding of any element in any tonal context, and compute distances between elements. Lerdahl’s analyses can be depicted more vividly by synchronizing graphic images with th
Author(s): Williams J. Kent

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Changing the Education Culture through Technology
Technology has a potentially rich, but largely unrealised, role in teaching and learning. This role is defined variously by what the teacher has available, has had time to learn, or can find an appropriate use for, and by what students have access to, are familiar with, and are willing to use. In all of these ways, technology usually plays an adjunct role to others, more traditional modalities for teaching and learning, including lecture, laboratory, library, textbook, tutorial, and practicum.
Author(s): Rizek Nouhad,Choueiri Elias M.

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Conceptions en santé animale et tutorat assisté par ordinateur
Le travail présenté a été effectué dans le cadre de la validation d'un système expert en santé animal développée par l'INRA. Les conceptions d'éleveurs sont analysées en situation de résolution de problème en élevage porcin afin de les confronter avec celles formalisées dans le système expert porcidact.
Author(s): Marzin Patricia,Sabatier Philippe

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Mixed Reality Environment for Web-Based Laboratory Interactive Learning
This paper presents a web-based laboratory for distance learners by incorporating simulation and hardware implementation into web-based e-learning systems. It presents a development consisting of laboratory course through internet based on mixed reality technique to setup, run and manipulate set of experiments. Each experiment has been designed in a way that allows the learner to manipulate the components and check if it works properly in order to achieve the experiment objective. The proposed l
Author(s): Saleem Ashraf,Al-Aubidy Kasim

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Implementing the Challenge Based Learning in Classroom Scenarios
Our Challenge Based Learning (CBL) method can be described as a special form of problem-based learning, in which the problems are of realistic, open-ended nature. Additionally, CBL contains features of experiential and project-based learning approaches. CBL is supported by the provision of Digital Experimentation Toolkits (DExTs) which comprise materials, initial instructions, references to web resources and specific software tools. Within the COLDEX project, a number of remote sites which gener
Author(s): Baloian Nelson,Breuer Henning,Hoeksema Kay,Hoppe U

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Using Interaction Analysis to reveal Self-Regulated Learning in Virtual Communities
Aim of this paper is to analyse whether Interaction Analysis can help investigate the practice and development of Self-Regulated Learning (SRL) in Virtual Learning Communities (VLC). Interaction analysis is increasingly used to study learning dynamics within online activities. It proceeds by searching expressions that reveal the aspects under study in the written messages exchanged by the learners. To this end, we devised and classified a number of indicators suggesting the existence of self-re
Author(s): Dettori Giuliana,Persico Donatella

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Computer literacy and inquiry learning: when geeks learn less
A low level of computer literacy has often been hypothesized as constituting a disadvantage in knowledge acquisition. However, within the field of computer-supported inquiry learning systematic investigations of these purported relations have not been conducted. This classroom study investigates the role of computer literacy (procedural computer-related knowledge, self-confidence in using the computer, and familiarity with computers) as a learning prerequisite for knowledge acquisition, and anal
Author(s): Wecker Christof,Kohnle Carmen,Fischer Frank

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A Programming by Demonstration Authoring Tool for Model-Tracing Tutors
Model-tracing tutors have consistently been among the most effective class of intelligent learning environments. Across a number of empirical studies, these tutors have shown students can learn the tutored domain better or in a shorter amount of time than traditionally taught students (Anderson et al., 1990). Unfortunately, the creation of these tutors, particularly the production system component, is a time-intensive task, requiring knowledge that lies outside the tutored domain. This outside k
Author(s): Blessing Stephen B.

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A Framework System for Intelligent Support in Open Distributed Learning Environments
Recent trends in the design of learning support systems are characterized by considering group interaction, by combining intelligent support with interactive learning environments, by providing reusable domain-independent components, and by using agent-structured architectures. Taking these trends into account, an open framework system has been developed for integrating distributed intelligent support components with an interactive and collaborative learning environment. Work in shared activity
Author(s): Muehlenbrock Martin,Tewissen Frank,Hoppe Ulrich

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Directions to Acknowledge Learners’ Self-organization in CSCL Macro-scripts
In this article we present a conceptual analysis of the notion of learners’ self-organization in CSCL macro-scripts. We highlight that taking into account self-organization as an emergent feature of activity requires considering issues such as conceptual and technological tools to support learners’ self-organization, maintenance of coherence between the script pedagogical objective and the emergent organization and between the technological setting and the emergent activity.
Author(s): Tchounikine Pierre

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New tools in Social Practice: Learning, Medical Education and 3D Environments
Learning with different kinds of ICT-based tools is an important issue in today’s society. In this article we focus on how design of technology rich environments based on state of the art learning principles can give us new insights about how learning occur, and how we can develop new types of learning environments. Medical education constitutes the subject domain. There has been a considerable effort to develop 3D technologies in this field, and the article provides a careful review of how the
Author(s): Ludvigsen Sten,Fjuk Annita

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Mentoring, Metacognition and Music: Interaction Analyses and Implications for Intelligent Learning E
This paper reports on an empirical study of the interactive means by which a human teacher supported higher-order, musical thinking in learners. The aim of the work presented here was to create guidelines on how to make practical use of empirical research in teaching agent development. The research overview given in the introduction is followed by an illustrative example of mentoring interactions in musical learning. An elaboration of a musical education problem is then given and a description o
Author(s): Cook John

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Designing integrative scripts
Scripts structure the collaborative learning process by constraining interactions, defining a sequence of activities and specifying individual roles. Scripts aim at increasing the probability that collaboration triggers knowledge generative interactions such as conflict resolution, explanation or mutual regulation. Integrative scripts are not bound to collaboration in small groups but include individual activities and class-wide activities. These pre- and poststructuring activities form the dida
Author(s): Dillenbourg Pierre,Jermann Patrick

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Computerized scripts for enhancing collaborative learning
Free collaboration does not systematically produce learning. One way to enhance the effectiveness of collaborative learning is to structure interactions by engaging students in well-defined scripts. A collaboration script is a set of instructions prescribing how students should form groups, how they should interact and collaborate and how they should solve the problem. In computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL), the script is reified in the interface of the learning environment. This co
Author(s): Dillenbourg Pierre

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Mechanisms of common ground in case-based web-discussions in teacher education
Previous studies suggest that before the participants in Web-based conferencing can reach deeper level interaction and learning, they have to gain an adequate level of common ground in terms of shared mutual understanding, knowledge, beliefs, assumptions, and presuppositions (Clark & Schaefer, 1989; Dillenbourg, 1999). In this paper, the main purpose is to explore how participants establish and maintain common ground in order to reach deeper level interaction in case-based Web-discussions. The s
Author(s): Mäkitalo Kati,Häkkinen Päivi,Leinonen Piritta,J

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Toward Computer-Based Support of Meta-Cognitive Skills: a Computational Framework to Coach Self-Expl
We present a computational framework designed to improve learning from examples by supporting self-explanation ö the process of clarifying and making more complete to oneself the solution of an example. The framework is innovative in two ways. First, it represents the first attempt to provide computer support to example studying instead of problem solving. Second, it explicitly coaches a domain-general, meta-cognitive skill that many studies in cognitive science have shown to greatly improve le
Author(s): Conati Cristina,VanLehn Kurt

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TELOS, a Service-Oriented Framework to Support Learning and Knowledge Management
This chapter presents the basic orientations, the main use cases and the conceptual framework of a TeleLearning Operating System. TELOS is a system under development within the LORNET research network (www.lornet.org) aiming to integrate components and services, and research results, produced by the different LORNET teams. TELOS research is at the convergence of three main trends: learning object repositories that facilitate the access to knowledge resources; learning and knowledge management su
Author(s): Paquette Gilbert,Rosca Ioan,Mihaila Stefan,Masmoud

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La construction de protocole de travaux pratiques de chimie à l’aide d’un logiciel: quels apport
L’article présente une étude effectuée avec des élèves de terminale S, à partir de l’utilisation du logiciel Educ@ffix.net qui a pour objet l’acquisition de connaissances procédurales et déclaratives par la réalisation d’un protocole expérimental en chimie. La situation-problème proposée consiste à déterminer la concentration du colo- rant E124 dans un sirop de grenadine. Dans un premier temps, la situation pédagogique modélisée dans l’environnement informatique est décri
Author(s): Marzin Patricia,Ergun Mustafa,Girault Isabelle,d'H

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