Designing to see and share structure in number sequences
This paper reports on a design experiment in the domain of number sequences conducted in the course of the WebLabs project. We iteratively designed and tested a set of activities and tools in which 10-14 year old students used the ToonTalk programming environment to construct models of sequences and series, and then shared their models and their observations about them utilising a webbased collaboration system. We report on the evolution of a design pattern (programming method) called ¬ĎStreams¬
Tutorial planning : Adapting course generation to today¬ís needs.
Most of today's course generation does not allow an in-depth, generic representation of pedagogical knowledge. However, supporting individual learners with different goals requires an elaborate representation of pedagogical expertise. In this paper, I describe a framework that adapts existing approaches for representing and using pedagogical knowledge to meet today's needs. Furthermore, I will show how in this framework several of today's problems are solved, such as the integration of distribut
The Metaphor of Networks in Learning: Communities, Collaboration and Practice
This paper explores the use of the network metaphor and the way in which it relates to Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) and Communities of Practice. The idea of networked learning stresses the interactopn of learners, tutors and their resources through networks. The arguments put in this article are firstly that learning technology needs to take account of the wider debate about networks and secondly that research in this field needs to address the theoretical and practical issue
Understanding and analysing activity and learning in virtual communities
The purpose of this study is to provide a preliminary framework to observe, analyse and evaluate both activity and learning in virtual communities. So various types of virtual communities will be studied by examining their relationship to socialisation and learning. After a presentation of the main ideas of Wenger‚Äôs social learning theory, the principal components of the social context of the emergence and evolution of virtual communities will be described. It will show how taking this context
Report on theoretical framework on selected core issues on conditions for productive learning in net
This report contains three parts. Part one presents the conclusions from the work in the JEIRP and contains the following chapters: - Identification of core issues, theoretical approaches and empirical findings - State of the Art - CSCL The next ten years - a European perspective - A theoretical framework for analysing conditions for productive learning in networked learning environments Part two presents all the case studies brought into the JEIRP by the participants, and part three presents ar
Integration of virtual players into a pedagogical simulator
The development of learner activity is a key element in the improvement of ITS (Intelligent Tutoring Systems). In business simulation, the learner is stimulated by competition with other learners. In practice, it is not always possible to find enough participants, hence the idea of virtual player participation. The SIMPLUS system proposes a generic approach to this end and creates virtual players within a business simulation without modifying the simulation itself.
Problem-solving and Web resources at tertiary level
We organised two experimental teaching designs involving web resources in two different French universities. In this paper, we describe these experiments and analyse the students' behaviours. Our aim is to observe whether the use of specific online resources favours the development of problem-solving activities.
New Types of Careers in the Knowledge Economy ? Networks and boundaryless jobs as a career strategy
Over the last few decades, many countries have found themselves in a context characterized by the spread of the knowledge-based economy (OECD, 1996; Foray and Lundvall, 1995; Soete, 1996; Storper, 1995). The Knowledge Economy implies a farreaching transformation of the labour market, particularly in terms of job mobility and career development (Christensen, 1989). In this context, careers are increasingly fragmented, and people are more mobile in the labour market, with social networks playing a
Experimental Design Methods - A Review
Experimental design methods are applied in all phases of the design process and by almost every party involved in the design process. In this paper, we aim to give an overview of the background, applications, and technologies involved. A limited simple metric is introduced for assessing the degree of innovation. Future developments are outlined.
The essence of industrial design engineering (IDE) is designing and improving products which are used daily and intensively, at home or at work. The faculty is committed to study, innovate and improve the development of durable products and their services for people, on the basis of the balanced interests of users, industry, society and the environment. The faculty pursues this mission through a multidisciplinary approach that integrates human aspects - i.e. ergonomics, market, organisation and
Knowledge in Action, Save the World
Materials showing how MIT faculty and students are working around the world to develop sustainable solutions to challenging problems. Courses include: D-Lab: Development, Dialogue and Delivery D-Lab: Development, Design and Dissemination Design for Demining Information and Communication Technology in Africa Media Education and the Marketplace Solving Complex Problems Technology in a Dangerous World
Social Media Collaboratory: Introduction to Social Media
Understand the benefits and challenges of effectively engaging with social media. Learn how participate and organize online discussions in forums, mailing-lists, blogs and video discussion sites. Understand how a blog can give you a voice and learn the basics of publishing a blog. Understand how social bookmarking can be a very effective way to gather and share information about online resources. Learn how to use wikis and understand their use as a collaborative writing (collabowriting) tool
Confronting Health Inequity: The Global Dimension
Since the days of Hippocrates, health inequities and the role of social and environmental factors in the determination of marked differences in health status have been well recognized. For some time now, the driving force behind public health has been understanding and intervening in the underlying causes of health inequity. The publication of the Black Report1 in the United Kingdom in 1980 brought a more focused approach to this discourse by identifying specific factors, such as social class, g
Bethlehem, Pennsylvania: A Moravian Settlement in Colonial America
looks at this area (along the Lehigh River) that became the center of industry and community for Moravians, a Protestant group that migrated to colonial America seeking opportunity and the chance to spread their religious beliefs.
This site features QuickTime and Flash animations that illustrate various aspects of ocean-related activity, including normal, El Nino, and La Nina conditions, ocean plant productivity, causes of upwelling, ocean current patterns, and the origin of tides. The animations can be paused and rewound to stress important points. These resources are suitable for use in lectures, labs, or other teaching activities.
Iron Hill School: An African-American One-Room School
is a curriculum-oriented guide focusing on a school constructed in 1923 in a rural area of northern Delaware, one of more than 80 schools for African-American children built between 1919 and 1928 as part of philanthropist Pierre Samuel du Pont's Delaware experiment. The site shows photos, maps, and diagrams about the school itself and suggests student activities ranging from philanthropy to school architecture.
A structural decomposition of the marriage premium
This thesis examines the wage gap among married and never married men. It is generally accepted that married men will have higher earnings than never married men. An income determination model was created to control for individual, structural, and gender level components. Theories were utilized for each model segment and provide a foundation from which this thesis builds upon. Through univariate, bivariate, and multivariate statistical analysis it was found that net of other factors married men
Daniel Ellsberg: Secrecy, Freedom and Empire
In 1971, foreign-policy analyst Daniel Ellsberg became the most important whistleblower of the 20th century when he leaked the Pentagon Papers to the national media -- setting in motion a chain of events that unraveled the Nixon presidency and eventually brought an end to the Vietnam War. On Wednesday, Oct. 23, 2002, in UC Berkeley's Zellerbach Hall, he told his inside story and, with a panel of noted scholars, discussed how the lessons of the Vietnam era apply today.