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Academic research for schools
Academic subjects are usually extremely far from actual problems and questions of academic research. Material at school is often presented as a sum of fixed, immovable facts one has to learn, although in the world of research these facts may be regarded as questionable or even disproved. On the other hand, pupils rarely have an understanding of how facts are developed and understood. As it is impossible to bring a researcher to every school, we are working on the project that would help research
Author(s): Leibo Ilya,Fialkova Tatiana,Kaliteevskaya Irina

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Designing Instructional Examples to Reduce Intrinsic Cognitive Load: Molar versus Modular Presentati
It is usually assumed that successful problem solving in knowledge-rich domains depends on the availability of abstract problem-type schemas whose acquisition can be supported by presenting students with worked examples. Conventionally designed worked examples often focus on information that is related to the main components of problem-type schemas, namely on information related to problem-category membership, structural task features, and category-specific solution procedures. However, studying
Author(s): Gerjets Peter,Scheiter Katharina,Catrambone Richar

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“Graphical” Jogthrough: expert based methodology for user interface evaluation, applied in the cas
“Walkthrough” and “Jogthrough” techniques are well known expert based methodologies for the evaluation of user interface design. In this paper we describe the use of “Graphical” Jogthrough method for evaluating the interface design of the Network Simulator, an educational simulation program that enables users to virtually build a computer network, install hardware and software components, make the necessary settings and test the functionality of the network. Graphical Jogthrough is a furth
Author(s): Demetriadis Stavros,Karoulis Athanasios,Pombortsis

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Gridcole: a tailorable grid service based system that supports scripted collaborative learning
This paper introduces Gridcole, a new system that can be easily tailored by educators in order to support the realization of scripted collaborative learning situations. To do so, educators can provide a script specifying the sequence of activities to be performed by learners as well as the tools and documents required to support them. Gridcole can then search for these tools in a service-oriented grid in order to integrate them so that they are available for users during the realization of the s
Author(s): Bote-Lorenzo Miguel Luis,Gomez-Sanchez Eduardo,Veg

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KMsim: A Meta-Modelling Approach and Environment for Creating Process-Oriented Knowledge Management
This paper presents a new approach to modelling process-oriented knowledge management (KM) and describes a simulation environment (called KMSIM) that embodies the approach. Since the beginning of modelling researchers have been looking for better and novel ways to model systems and to use appropriate software to create simulations. The application of the approach and KMSIM make it possible to create realistic business models (BMs) and simulate the consequences of KM interventions and events. The
Author(s): Anjewierden Anjo,Shostak Irina,de Hoog Robert

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E-learning environments in medical education: how pervasive computing can influence the educational
As pervasive computing is integrated incrementally with all facets of everyday life, it is reasonable to expect that its further proliferation may influence educational activities as well. Several such arguments have been thoroughly discussed in literature and several projects have been developed. However, little work has been done to investigate how pervasive computing can influence the medical educational process using e-learning platforms, and the prerequisites for such endeavours. In this pi
Author(s): Konstantinidis Stathis,Bamidis Panagiotis D.

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An Algebra Subsystem for Diagnosing Students' Input in a Physics Tutoring System
To help a student in an introductory physics course do quantitative homework problems, an intelligent tutoring system must determine information of an algebraic nature. This paper describes a subsystem which resolves such questions for Andes2. The capabilities of the subsystem would be useful for any ITS which deals with problems involving complex systems of equations. This subsystem is capable of 1) solving the systems of equations at the level of introductory physics problems, 2) checking the
Author(s): Shapiro Joel A.

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En quoi les TIC changent-elles les pratiques d'ingénierie pédagogique du professeur d'université?
Depuis quelques années, le terme « in-génierie pédagogique » (instructional enginee-ring) est de plus en plus utilisé en rempla-cement de celui de « design pédagogique » (instructional design). Pourquoi? Rappelons d'abord que le terme « design pédagogique » est apparu au cours des années 1960, lors-que certains chercheurs (surtout améri-cains) ont commencé à mettre au point des méthodes systématiques et systémiques de planification et de développement de l'en-seignement. In
Author(s): Basque Josianne

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Putting knowledge to use
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Author(s): Pea Roy D.

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Technology and pedagogy for collaborative problem solving as a context for learning
This workshop, sponsored jointly by CSCW'92 and the Centre for Applied Cognitive Science at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education (OISE), was organized to bring together researchers with interests in the emerging area of Computer Support for Collaborative Learning (CSCL). It was held at OISE on the weekend preceding CSCW'92 and was attended by 27 participants from academia and industry.
Author(s): Koschmann Timothy,Newman Denis,Woodruff Earl,Pea R

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Calculators, graphs, gestures and the production of meaning
In this paper we report an analysis of a teaching sequence in which Grade 11 students were asked to produce some graphs corresponding to the relationship between time and distance of a cylinder moving up and down an inclined plane. The students were also asked to carry out the experience using a TI 83+ graphic calculator equipped with a sensor, and to discuss and explain the differences between their own graphs and the ones obtained with the calculator. We analyze the students' processes of mea
Author(s): Radford Luis,Demers Serge,Guzmán José,Cerulli Mi

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La natura della mediazione offerta dai sistemi basati su micromondi all’apprendimento della matema
Questo lavoro analizza il ruolo che ambienti basati sull’uso del calcolatore, ed in particolare i micromondi, possono assumere nelle attività di insegnamento e apprendimento di conoscenze matematiche. Il lavoro parte dallo studio di alcuni risultati significativi che si sono avuti in questo campo a livello internazionale. Tale studio viene utilizzato come quadro di riferimento per situare e analizzare una ricerca specifica che abbiamo svolto in questo settore. Tale ricerca riguarda la proge
Author(s): Bottino Rosa Maria,Chiappini Giampaolo

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Lo sviluppo del pensiero strategico nella scuola di base: riflessionisull'uso delle TIC
In recent years the development of skills which are not strictly associated with technical abilities or specific subject contents has become a central focus of education and the debate on how to define and promote what is usually indicated as “core” skills or “key” competencies is involving national educational Institutions and systems, especially in OECD countries. Among such skills a crucial role is assigned to strategic and reasoning abilities. While a general agreement on the import
Author(s): Bottino Rosa Maria,Ott Michela

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Costruire e gestire ambienti di apprendimento che integrino strumenti tecnologici: analisi di un cas
The paper discusses the results of a research project based on the field testing of a course aimed at developing arithmetic problem solving skills in primary school pupils. The course was designed to incorporate e-learning techniques, including the use of ARI@ITALES authoring tools. These tools allowed the integration in the course of constructivist activities based on interaction with a set of different microworlds. The aims of the project were twofold: to analyse how the adopted approach and t
Author(s): Bottino Rosa Maria,Robotti Elisabetta

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The Model of Collaborative Learning GRID to activate interactivity for Knowledge Building
The purpose of this study is to support the learning activity in the Internet learning space. In this paper, we examine the GRID technology as the knowledge management for supporting "collaborative learning" / " collaboration in learning" (CL). RAPSODY-EX (REX) is a distributed learning support environment organized as a learning infrastructure. REX can effectively carry out to support collaborative activities in asynchronous/ synchronous learning mode. The mixed distributed learning environme
Author(s): Okamoto Toshio,Kayama Mizue

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Quality of Service Requirements for the e-Learning Grid
In the same way that the Web has evolved from being a technology designed to aid scientific collaboration to one which is employed extensively in e-business and increasingly in e-learning, the Grid is also evolving from its original concept as a highly distributed dynamic source of computing resources "on tap", like the power grid, for e-science, to a means of supporting enterprise computing across heterogeneous, distributed, virtual organisations. However, even the most recent ideas associated
Author(s): Allison Collin

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Shaping e-Learning Applications for a Service Oriented GriD
The paper discusses technical issues related to establishment of e-learning services on a grid. The XML based technology for implementation of e_learning application in the form of web service is analyzed from the perspective of making an application grid-aware. The special e_learning repository service is proposed as a technique for coordinated use of distributed e_learning resources through the access and invocation of web services.
Author(s): Reklaitis Vytautas,Baniulis Kazys,Okamoto Toshio

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A model for negotiation in teaching-learning dialogues
Despite the fact that a number of researchers from a wide variety of theoretical perspectives have claimed that negotiation in dialogue is fundamental in learning, little research has been based on a precise notion of what negotiation is and how it relates to learning. This paper describes a model for negotiation, based on analysis of teacher-student and learner-learner dialogues. After discussion of illustrative examples and review of related research, negotiations are defined in terms of four
Author(s): Baker Michael J.

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A note on organizational learning and knowledge sharing in the context of communities of practice
The knowledge management (KM) literature emphasizes the impact of human factors forsuccessful implementation of KM within the organization. Isolated initiatives for promoting learning organization and team collaboration, without taking consideration of the knowledge sharing limitations and constraints can defeat further development of KM culture. As an effective instrument for knowledge sharing, communities of practice (CoP) are appearing to overcome these constraints and to foster human collabo
Author(s): Antonova Albena,Gurova Elisaveta

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Vers une approche déclarative pour les logiciels de dessins géométriques
Cet article est consacré à la conception d'un environnement d'apprentissage de la géométrie orienté vers la manipulation directe de figures géométriques. À travers deux exemples d'activités, proposées en classe, on distingue les notions de construction géométriques, de spécification, et de manipulation directe. Dans le cadre ainsi défini, nous présentons notre approche. Elle consiste à intégrer des mécanismes et la méthodologie de l'intelligence artificielle dans un logic
Author(s): Bouhineau Denis

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