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References

Lavalettee, M. (1999) A Thing of the Past? Child Labour in Britain 1800 to the Present, Liverpool University Press, Liverpool.
Marshall, T.H. (1965) ‘Citizenship and Social Class’ in Class, Citizenship and Social Development: Essays by T.H. Marshall.
Post, J.E. (2000) Meeting the Challenge of Global Corporate Citizenship, Boston College Centre for Co
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5 Child labour: a case study

An interesting, controversial but important topic in the debate about corporate social responsibility and Global Corporate Citizenship is the issue of child labour.

According to estimates released in April 2002 in Every child counts: New global estimates on child labour (Geneva, ILO), there were:

  • some 352 million children (aged 5–17) engaged in some form of economic activity in the world in 2000, including 211 million in the a
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3.1 Transition points for 11–19 year-olds

When 16 year-old Mike Barker told people he wanted to be a film director they laughed at him… Mike's long journey to Hollywood stardom as a director began with a teacher at his school who instilled a sense of confidence into the discouraged teenager. ‘I was going to leave school at 16 and get a job because I wanted a motorbike, but she persuaded me to do my A levels. I told her about wanting to be in the film industry a
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5.2 Before the visit

In preparation for the visit the tutor will need to:

  • Telephone the school to agree a date and time with the mentor and school co-ordinator for the visit.

  • Write to the school confirming the visit. This letter should:

     

    1. set out the tasks and activities the mentor will need to do;

    2. request that a focus for the observation is agreed with the student teacher and mentor;


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1.6.3 Mailing lists and newsgroups

Mailing or discussion lists are email-based discussion groups. When you send an email to a mailing list address, it is sent automatically to all the other members of the list.

The majority of academic-related mailing lists in the UK are maintained by JISCMail. You will find details of joining these mailing lists on the JISCMail website. Mailing lists
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1.4.7 T is for Timeliness

The date when information was produced or published can be an important aspect of quality. This is not quite as simple as saying that 'good' information has to be up to date.

Activity

Here is an example of a news item from an onli
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1.2.2 Choosing keywords

Keywords are significant words which define the subject you are looking for. The importance of keywords is illustrated by the fact that there is a whole industry around providing advice to companies on how to select keywords for their websites that are likely to make it to the top of results lists generated by search engines. We often choose keywords as part of an iterative process; usually if we don't hit on the right search terms straight off, most of us tweak them as we go along based on t
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Learning outcomes

After studying this unit you should be able to:

  • develop your understanding of the process of teaching and learning in classrooms, and the role of language in that process;

  • appreciate how a sociocultural approach can be used to make critical, constructive analyses of classroom interaction in a variety of second language learning contexts;

  • use this knowledge to reflect on second language learning processes in the classrooms you know.


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Acknowledgements

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Author details

Sue Cowley is an experienced teacher and subject co-ordinator, who has tau
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4 Lesson content

To a certain extent, the actual content of your lessons will be dictated by the curriculum requirements. However, it should be possible to put across that content in an interesting, imaginative and creative way. Not only will doing this help to engage your students with their work, it will also mean that you enjoy the lessons as well.

There are various ways in which we can make our lesson content as successful and appealing as possible. The more inventive and skilful we can become as te
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1 Teaching and behaviour

The quality of our teaching inevitably has an impact on the behaviour of our students: a student who is busy learning is far less likely to think about misbehaving. Using a range of strategies, positive approaches and rewards will have a positive impact on behaviour on a day-to-day basis. However, one of the key factors in getting sustained good behaviour is ensuring that your students are fully engaged with the work that they are doing.

There are many factors that can contribute to mis
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References

Alexander, R. J., Rose, J. and Woodhead, C. (1992) Curriculum Organisation and Classroom Practice in Primary Schools: a discussion paper, London, Department of Education and Science.
Awdurdod Cymwysterau, Cwricwlwym ac Asesu (ACCAC, or the Qualifications, Curriculum and Assessment Authority for Wales) (2000a) Desirable Outcomes for Children's Learning before Compulsory School Age, Cardiff, ACCAC.
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1.4 Subject knowledge

Subject knowledge is a critical factor at every point in the teaching process: in planning, assessing and diagnosing, task setting, questioning, explaining and giving feedback.

(Alexander et al., 1992, paragraph 77)

Subject knowledge, which lies at the heart of this unit, comes in different forms. One well-known typology (Shulman, 1986) identifies three kinds:

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4 Selling your language skills

In this section you will learn how to present your language skills on your CV. You will also be given the opportunity to research different types of language learning opportunities in your region.

Activity 14 What a CV should contain

You s
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La estructura y el lenguaje de los cuentos

Como ya sabe, las sesiones tituladas De mi puño y letra están dedicadas específicamente a desarrollar sus destrezas de escritura. En esta sesión analizará la estructura y el lenguaje de los cuentos.

A vista de pájaro

En esta sección leerá un cuento y analizará sus primeras impresiones.

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5.3 Actividad

Actividad 5.2

1 Look at the following picture of a bar. Write down what you see, using the structure hay + un/una.

Observe y escriba.


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4.8.2 Word clusters

Actividad 4.7

Which of the following adjectives go with the nouns below? Cross the odd one out. The first has been done for you.

Tache el intruso.

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3.5 Actividad

Actividad 3.4

Isabel, the Spanish theatre director of the group Expresiones, decides to take some time off to see the sights of Santiago.

Listen to the audio clip below to hear what the guide says about three different places
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3.2 Actividad

Actividad 3.1

In this activity you are going to review some of the vocabulary that you have learned about tourist sights, as well as learn some new words.

Classify the vocabulary in the box under the following two categories.


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1,6.1 Introduction

The process of keeping up-to-date in your chosen subject area is useful for your studies and afterwards, for your own personal satisfaction, or perhaps in your career as part of your continuing professional development.

There are a great many tools available that make it quite easy to keep yourself up to date. You can set them up so that the information comes to you, rather than you having to go out on the web looking for it. Over the next few pages, you will be experimenting with some
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