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1.2.2 Choosing keywords

Keywords are significant words which define the subject you are looking for. The importance of keywords is illustrated by the fact that there is a whole industry around providing advice to companies on how to select keywords for their websites that are likely to make it to the top of results lists generated by search engines. We often choose keywords as part of an iterative process; usually if we don't hit on the right search terms straight off, most of us tweak them as we go along based on t
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1.1.5 Organising information

How confident are you that you know when it is appropriate to cite references (refer to the work of other people) in your written work?

  • 5 – Very confident

  • 4 – Confident

  • 3 – Fairly confident

  • 2 – Not very confident

  • 1 – Not confident at all

How confident do you feel about producing bibliographies (lists of references) in an appropriate format to accompany you
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2.11.1 Revision: choosing and booking hotels

In this session, you will revise choosing and booking hotel rooms, understanding directions, identifying and using dates (years).

Activité 56

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Acknowledgements

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Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this unit:

The content ackno
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Learning outcomes

By the end of this section you should be able to:

  • understand spoken descriptions of holiday resorts;

  • understand people talking about where and when they take their holidays and why;

  • write an informal postcard or letter identifying the advantages and disadvantages of a holiday resort and/or describing your own holiday plans;

  • make a short oral presentation about your holiday plans;

  • question other people about their plans;
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Working together for children: Stirling
The care of children, especially those with disabilities, is surrounded by complex issues. Learning to navigate these difficulties while helping children to lead a happy and fulfilling life is the focus of this unit. Video footage from the Plus organisation in Stirling, Scotland, will help you develop a skilled, dynamic and ethical approach to working with children.Author(s): Creator not set

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From sound to meaning: hearing, speech and language
Human communication is vastly more complex than that of any other species we know about. It is so complex that linguists are only just beginning to identify the processes in the brain that are related to understanding language. This unit looks at how language is understood by taking an interdisciplinary approach. First published on Thu, 22 Mar 2
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The science behind wheeled sports
This unit focuses on cycling and wheelchair racing: what we might collectively call 'wheeled sports'. The Scientific concepts such as force, acceleration and speed are also useful for understanding these sports. However, cycling and wheelchair racing differ from the sports you have studied so far in that technology more obviously plays an important role.Author(s): Creator not set

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4.11 Critiquing gender essentialism

Activity 19

0 hours 30 minutes

Look again at what Tannen and Gray say about men's and women's communicative behaviour. Then review the description of essentialism and the social con
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4.6 Gender and power in the workplace

Activity 16

0 hours 20 minutes

If you are, or have been, employed in a health and social care service, think about the ways in which gendered power ‘works’ in that setting. If y
Author(s): The Open University

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1 Crossing boundaries: a case study

A number of situations put a strain on the idea that caring is just an extension of 'being ordinary'. These include times when people are giving intimate care. Since the normal rules do not apply in these circumstances, we have to develop a set of special rules to guide practice, thinking very carefully about the core question: 'How can boundaries be respected in situations where intimate care is being given?’'

This question will be explored through a fictional case study set in a res
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Acknowledgements

The content acknowledged below is Proprietary (see terms and conditions) and is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence

Every effort has been made to trace all copyright owners, but if any has been inadvertently overlooked, the publishers will be pleased to make the nece
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1.4.10 Unfinished business

When people die suddenly we can never be sure that they have done and said what they want and are able to do. Meg’s long term-illness gave her a lot of time for reflection and preparation, so that while her death was sudden and she was unable to see her younger son, she also had the opportunity for conversations with people about her death. However, there may have been last-minute wishes that Meg was unable to express.

Li’s sudden stroke may have left her with things unsaid, but her
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1.4.6 Case study 3: Andrew’s death – a hospice death

Andrew was a 23 year-old car mechanic who had been suffering from indigestion for some months before the GP referred him to a hospital consultant, who after a series of tests diagnosed cancer of the colon, with liver secondaries. At this time Andrew was living alone in a small flat a few minutes’ drive from his parents’ home. Because the treatment which Andrew had agreed to involved a long recovery, he decided to move back home with his parents for a while so that he would have someone to
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1.4.5 Case study 2: Li’s death – a residential home death

Li was a resident in a home where she had lived for the previous five years. She had led an exciting and unusual life, travelling from China at the age of 30 and living in England for the remainder of her life. After her husband’s death Li felt unable to live alone and moved into a residential home which employed some Chinese-speaking staff and had a small Chinese day unit attached to it. Li maintained her use of Chinese language, and continued to wear Chinese clothes. Despite these strong
Author(s): The Open University

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1.3.11 The significance of the near-death experience

The sociologist Allan Kellehear (1995) observes that most studies have had a medical focus, investigating whether near-death experiences could be the result of a lack of oxygen to the brain or another medical or psychological cause. Kellehear suggests that the search for psycho-medical explanations has focused on psycho-neurological and defensive mechanisms emphasising altered status of consciousness or physical functioning and not taken into account the meaning of these experiences. Kellehea
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1.2.9 Nick

In our society we tend to expect not to have to face the likelihood of death until our 70s at least, but one group of people who are having to face the prospect of death at a relatively young age are those diagnosed as HIV-positive. Controversy surrounds the issue of whether those at risk of contracting the virus should have the blood test which might give them that death sentence. At the time of writing there is no clear evidence that any treatment can improve the prognosis, even if taken at
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1.5.1 Agreeing who to be

So far I have focused on one-to-one interactions. Yet ‘defining a scene’ is often a group effort. Goffman says this involves teamwork, with all participants, in effect, agreeing to act and speak within an overall frame of reference. He suggests that it works like a theatrical play in which everyone has taken on a part within the scene. To play your part means setting aside all those aspects of yourself which are not relevant to your role. The scene works only because everyone plays their
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1.2.3 Place and identity

Home, then, can support your ‘identity’ through the way you ‘personalise’ the space in it with your own belongings – making a statement about who you are. However, if you look back to Activity 1, you can also see other ways identity is supported: ‘I can be myself’. If you say this, it suggests that you don't have to put on an act. You fit ‘naturally’. Home is part of your identity because you are the person who ‘fits’ in that place.

But it is not usually jus
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Acknowledgements

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Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this unit:

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