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8 Paired samples T-Tests

Activity 7

0 hours 20 minutes

This activity introduces the paired samples t-test. It is also known as the ‘within participants’ or ‘related’ t-test. It is used when your design is within p
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References

Creese M. & Earley P., (1999) Improving Schools and Governing Bodies, Routledge, London.
DfES (2003), National Training Programme for New Governors, Module 2.
Gann N., (1998) Improving School Governance – How Better Governors Make Better Schools, Falmer Press, London.
Martin J. & Holt A., (2002) Joined-up Gove
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Introduction

School governors need to be involved in the monitoring and evaluation of secondary schools. But what areas should you be monitoring and how can you ensure that monitoring is effective. This unit will help you assess these matters and also look at the kind of evidence you should be sourcing, and how that evidence should be evaluated.


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4 Working with other stakeholders

When considering the accountability of the governing body, we need to think about the context of the school and the community it serves. The DfES states quite clearly that the school and its governing body are accountable to anyone who has a ‘legitimate interest’. You might like to spend some time considering who these people are.

In terms of providing both high-quality education and, consequently, an educated workforce, pupils, parents and the wider community are the ‘customers
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2.1 Introduction

For governing bodies to work efficiently and effectively, some governors are needed to take on clear roles: the Chair; the Vice-chair; Chair for each governing body committee.

All governors are entitled to an equal say and to serve on any of the governing body committees. However, some governors may wish to take an interest in a specific feature of the school. Such responsibilities might include; special educational needs; early years provision; health and safety; ICT; numeracy and lite
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3.9 Activity task 5: without a mouse

If you never use a mouse, you can skip this activity.

If you have your usual document editor open, close it now.

Put your mouse where you can't reach it easily and continue using only the keyboard. If you get stuck, use the mouse but keep count of the number of times you use it and what for.

See if you can open the editor using the Windows keystrokes.

If you don't know where to start, here are the keystrokes. (These insructions are for a PC with Windows software. If yo
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3.5.3 PC input by partially sighted people

Partially sighted people can learn to touch-type as sighted people do. However, this can be a difficult process if you cannot see the screen or the keyboard clearly. A simple, low-tech solution to make the keyboard more visible is the use of large print labels, which can be attached to the keys. Alternatively, a high contrast keyboard can be used; for example a black keyboard with black keys with yellow characters. In addition, speech output software can announce every key that is pressed so
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References

Armstrong, N., & Welsman, J. (1997) Young people and physical activity, Oxford, Oxford University Press.
Department for Education and Employment & Qualifications and Curriculum Authority (1999) The National Curriculum for Physical Education, London, QCA.
Department of Health (2004) Chief Medical Officer, At least five a week: Evidence on the impact of physical
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3.5 Issues of capability

Very occasionally, issues about the capability of the headteacher may arise during discussions about performance against agreed objectives.

If the appointed performance review governors suspect that the headteacher is not able to meet his/her objectives, they should first consider the circumstances of the school to satisfy themselves that these have not altered significantly to make the objective/s unachievable. If this is the case, they should make necessary allowances when monitoring
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3.1 What the review is about

‘The performance review process enables me to have a meaningful discussion about issues at the heart of the improvement of the school, with governors who support me yet make me stop and think about why I do what I do and, more importantly, how I might do my job better.’

Quote from headteacher

The review of the headteacher's performance is one of the most important tasks for the governing bo
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5.1 Introduction

One of the key differences between Open Learning, where the ‘student’ is remote from the teacher, and a learner just reading a text book or looking up information for themselves on the internet, is the need to encourage active learning. Whether the material is text, online quizzes or audio-visual elements, the learner should not be a passive absorber of information but actively interacting with the resources. This is grounded in views of how people learn. But I have made some assum
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3.2 What are aims and objectives/outcomes?

It is best to start to settle on the aims and objectives/outcomes (these terms are variously used around the world but are largely interchangeable) of your study unit as soon as possible. You looked at the intended learning outcomes of some units in Activity 1. The difference between aims and objectives is that the aim is the general statement of
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References

Thomas, T. (1991) Film Score: The Art and Craft of Movie Music (Burbank, CA, Riverwood Press) p. 293.
Daubney, K. Max Steiner's Now, Voyager: A Film Score Guide (Westport, CT, Greenwood Press) p. 51
Marvin Hamlisch quote: extract from DE353/14, OU film no. 517, p. 6

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1 6. Conclusion

This unit has explored the ways in which moving and still images may motivate and inspire pupils in their understanding of music. You may find it helpful to share your experiences of using images with your peers, perhaps through a short presentation to your department.


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2 What's out there for our school?

There are close to three thousand museums, galleries and heritage sites in the UK and there are approximately 100 million visits made to them every year. Internationally important collections of ancient relics and artistic masterpieces jostle for our attention alongside personal collections of precious oddities.

We have a dynamic national network of hi-tech, interactive science centres, encouraging creative thinking and practical experimentation. The centres look back at the history of
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Acknowledgements

Author Details

This unit was prepared for TeachandLearn.net by Ronnie Goldstein and Alan Bloomfield. Ronnie Goldstein was formerly a lecturer in the Faculty of Educational and Language Studies at The Open University. Alan Bloomfield is Deputy Head of School of Education at Cheltenham and Gloucester College of Higher Education.

Other acknowledgements

The content acknowledged below is Pr
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5 Conclusion

I hope this unit has made clearer what a business manager can do to impact positively on the school and its core function of teaching and learning as we move forward into a changing future.

You may now find it helpful to revisit your job description and the notes you made in Activity 1.

Equally, through some of the new developments that are taking place in society, the school itself will need business management in order to best position itself to help pupils, parents and communit
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4.1 Where to find support

There is a range of tools available to support you, including:

  • The DfES financial management standard [accessed 26 January 2007]. See especially the guidance on the role of bursar [accessed 26 January 2007].

  • Teachernet school finances webpage [accessed 26 January 2007].

  • Schools Audit Commission [accessed 26 January 2007].

  • DfES Value for money [accessed 26 January 2007].

Go to Ac
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Introduction

This unit explores school geography, focusing upon how geography is currently being taught and understood. While studying this unit you will read about the significance of geography as a subject, considering what are the defining concepts for school geography and its educational value. The unit also includes a lesson plan and a look at definitions of geography as a medium of education.


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5 Giving feedback

In order to develop and improve dance skills, students should also be involved in evaluating one another's, and their own, work.

Performing for one another in class as part of an evaluation and feedback process can be beneficial to both the students and teacher.

When done on a regular basis, students can become less self-conscious about performing in front of others; this is important in terms of building confidence in young performers.

Feedback is an important part of the i
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