4.1 Introduction
Your heart beats around 100,000 times every day and, in that time, pumps about 23,000 litres of blood around your body. But what happens when it doesn’t work as well as it should? This unit explains what happens in cardiovascular disease, when the heart’s performance is affected, how the normal function of blood vessels is impaired, and what treatments are available. Whether you are a patient, relative, friend or healthcare professional, you will find the unit interesting.
Author(s): The Open University

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3.2.1 Fats
Your heart beats around 100,000 times every day and, in that time, pumps about 23,000 litres of blood around your body. But what happens when it doesn’t work as well as it should? This unit explains what happens in cardiovascular disease, when the heart’s performance is affected, how the normal function of blood vessels is impaired, and what treatments are available. Whether you are a patient, relative, friend or healthcare professional, you will find the unit interesting.
Author(s): The Open University

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3.2 Diabetes as a risk factor
Your heart beats around 100,000 times every day and, in that time, pumps about 23,000 litres of blood around your body. But what happens when it doesn’t work as well as it should? This unit explains what happens in cardiovascular disease, when the heart’s performance is affected, how the normal function of blood vessels is impaired, and what treatments are available. Whether you are a patient, relative, friend or healthcare professional, you will find the unit interesting.
Author(s): The Open University

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3.1 Lifestyle choices
Your heart beats around 100,000 times every day and, in that time, pumps about 23,000 litres of blood around your body. But what happens when it doesn’t work as well as it should? This unit explains what happens in cardiovascular disease, when the heart’s performance is affected, how the normal function of blood vessels is impaired, and what treatments are available. Whether you are a patient, relative, friend or healthcare professional, you will find the unit interesting.
Author(s): The Open University

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2.1 Using medical terminology: building a glossary
Your heart beats around 100,000 times every day and, in that time, pumps about 23,000 litres of blood around your body. But what happens when it doesn’t work as well as it should? This unit explains what happens in cardiovascular disease, when the heart’s performance is affected, how the normal function of blood vessels is impaired, and what treatments are available. Whether you are a patient, relative, friend or healthcare professional, you will find the unit interesting.
Author(s): The Open University

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1.4 Decline of cardiovascular diseases in Western society?
Your heart beats around 100,000 times every day and, in that time, pumps about 23,000 litres of blood around your body. But what happens when it doesn’t work as well as it should? This unit explains what happens in cardiovascular disease, when the heart’s performance is affected, how the normal function of blood vessels is impaired, and what treatments are available. Whether you are a patient, relative, friend or healthcare professional, you will find the unit interesting.
Author(s): The Open University

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1.2 Broad defintions of cardiovascular diseases
Your heart beats around 100,000 times every day and, in that time, pumps about 23,000 litres of blood around your body. But what happens when it doesn’t work as well as it should? This unit explains what happens in cardiovascular disease, when the heart’s performance is affected, how the normal function of blood vessels is impaired, and what treatments are available. Whether you are a patient, relative, friend or healthcare professional, you will find the unit interesting.
Author(s): The Open University

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1.1 A simple introduction
Your heart beats around 100,000 times every day and, in that time, pumps about 23,000 litres of blood around your body. But what happens when it doesn’t work as well as it should? This unit explains what happens in cardiovascular disease, when the heart’s performance is affected, how the normal function of blood vessels is impaired, and what treatments are available. Whether you are a patient, relative, friend or healthcare professional, you will find the unit interesting.
Author(s): The Open University

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Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see http://www.open.ac.uk/conditions terms and conditions), this content is made available under a http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2

Retailing in Leeds - Consumer Shopping preferences
Leeds is a major city in the UK and as such is a magnet for shoppers from the surrounding region. Around 1.7 to 1.9 million people are in the catchment area as shoppers in Leeds city centre. Consequently retail is an important business for Leeds. John Temperley Senior Lecturer in Marketing in the Business School and a retail specialist, explains the choices that face consumers and what their preferences are, based on research by students sponsored by Leeds city centre management. The results ar
Author(s): John Temperley,Leeds Metropolitan University

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Student experiences of enterprise education
This report outlines data collected from students across a broad range of subject areas across all Faculties of Leeds Met University. This data was generated in response to a questionnaire designed to obtain information on students experiences of enterprise education
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Une approche pro-pédagogique du diagnostic cognitif dans les STI: conception, formalisation, et imp
In an Intelligent Tutoring System (ITS), issues related to the design and the implementation of the cognitive diagnosis (DC) of learner's behavior is addressed intuitively according to the specific goals of this STI. From a purely operational viewpoint, this approach is not really bad since the STIs arising from it, "work". However, when it comes to give to DC a pedagogical dimension in the human tutors, a look into perspective on more fundamental considerations promotes reflection in this direc
Author(s): Tchetagni Josephine

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A Model for the Efficient Representation and Management of Online Collaborative Learning Interaction
This study aims to explore the importance of the efficient representation and management of the event information generated from group activity in online collaborative learning practices so that we can use it to provide awareness about individual and group behaviour. The achievement of this goal first involves the design of a conceptual model of collaborative learning interaction that structures and classifies the information generated in an online collaborative learning situation at several lev
Author(s): Caballé Santi,Daradoumis Thanasis,Xhafa Fatos

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Gridifying IBM's Generic Log Adapter to Speed-Up the Processing of Log Data
Problem determination in today's computing environments consumes between 30 and 70% of an organization’s IT resources and represents from one third to one half of their total cost of ownership. The first step to cutting down costs in this area and to enable autonomic computing systems is to have all parts of the system report status in a common log data format and semantics in order to be able to exploit the status information of the system as a whole. The Generic Log Adapter (GLA) is a generic
Author(s): Paniagua Claudi,Xhafa Fatos,Daradoumis Thanasis

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Exploring Semantic Description and Matching Technologies for Enhancing the Automatic Composition of
In the implementation of e-learning frameworks, a problem still unsolved is how to use and integrate low-level learning services to compose more complex high-level services or tools that make sense to both tutors and learners. In that sense semantic description of Grid learning Services appears like a powerful tool to be used for discovering and matching learning services depending of a set of parameters inside the learning framework. These parameters must represent significant functional charac
Author(s): Gutiérrez-Carreón Gustavo,Daradoumis Thanasis,Jo

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Efficient Embedding of Information and Knowledge into CSCL Applications
This study aims to explore two crucial aspects of collaborative work and learning: the importance of enabling CSCL applications, on the one hand, to capture and structure the information generated by group activity and, on the other hand, to extract the relevant knowledge in order to provide learners and tutors with efficient awareness and support as regards collaboration. To this end, we first identify and define the main types of information generated in online group activity and then propose
Author(s): Caballé Santi,Daradoumis Thanasis,Xhafa Fatos

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Self-directed learning in simulation-based discovery environments
SIMQUEST1 is an authoring system for designing and creating simulation-based learn-ing environments. The special character of SIMQUEST learning environments is that they include cognitive support for learners which means that they provide learners with support in the discovery process. In SIMQUEST learning environments we try to find the balance between direct guidance of the learning process and sufficient free-dom for learners to regulate the learning process themselves. In this article we de-
Author(s): de Jong Ton,Van Joolingen Wouter,Swaak Janine,Veer

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A Framework to Specify a Cognitive Diagnosis Component in ILEs
This article presents a framework for the cognitive diagnosis of learners’ errors in an interactive learning activity occurring in an intelligent learning environment. The proposed framework supports the implementation of an authoring tool. This tool helps instructional designers to specify the features of a component for cognitive diagnosis. Two key issues are addressed. First, the cognitive diagnosis process should promote reflection which may in turn enhance the accuracy of the diagnosis hyp
Author(s): Tchetagni Josephine,Nkambou Roger,Bourdeau Jacquel

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Supporting teachers when diagnosing their students in algebra
In this paper we will describe our current work on the Lingot project. We will focus on the description of a software called « Pépite », the objective of which is to help teachers diagnose their students' algebra competencies. Then we will show how different uses of Pepite by teachers lead us to define several types of diagnosis in order to fit better various users' needs.
Author(s): Delozanne Elisabeth,Grugeon Brigitte,Previt Domini

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Bulletin of the Institute for Antiquity and Christianity, Volume XIV, Issue 2
CONTENTS: Cover Illustration Description, New Membership Cards, Female and Male in Gnosticism Project to Publish Soon, Biblical Scholars Lecture at IAC, Advisory Board Elects New Chairman, The Society of Antiquity and Christianity Honor Roll of Donors (May 1986-April 1987), Müller Visits Institute, Context No. 4--"Coins of the Hasmonean Dynasty", Institute Honors Donors at Banquet, IAC Endnotes
Author(s): The Institute for Antiquity and Christianity

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A Generic Platform for the Systematic Construction of Knowledge-based Collaborative Learning Applica
This study aims to explore the importance of efficient management of event information generated from group activity in collaborative learning practices for its further use in extracting and providing knowledge on interaction behavior. The essential issue here is how to design a platform that can be used for real, long-term, complex collaborative problem-solving situations and which enables the instructor to both analyze group interaction effectively and provide an adequate support when needed.
Author(s): Caballé Santi,Daradoumis Thanasis,Xhafa Fatos

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