How Entrepreneurs Can Create Effective Business Plans
When an entrepreneur has identified a potential business opportunity, the next step is developing a business plan for the new venture. What exactly should the new plan contain? How can the entrepreneur ensure it has the substance to find interest among would-be investors? In this installment of a series of podcasts for the Wharton-CERT Business Plan Competition, Wharton management professor Ian MacMillan explains that business plans must contain several crucial elements: They must articulate a m
Literature Review in Informal Learning with Technology Outside School
When we think about learning, we often tend to think about schools, universities, colleges. If we go a little further and think about learning outside school, we might begin to consider museums, galleries and science centres. What we often tend to overlook, however, is the sort of learning that goes on as part of our normal day-to-day activities when we don't even think we are learning. Today, however, anyone who has an interest in how children learn with digital technologies needs to look beyon
A Participatory Design Approach for the Support of Collaborative Learning and Knowledge Building in
Engagement in collaborative learning and knowledge building activities is still a big challenge for many workplace-learning designers. Especially in highly competitive environments people might be reluctant to give away too much of their tacit knowledge. A feeling of ownership and an involvement of the individual in the planning of the learning activities can be important motivational factors. In an international research project called IntelLEO - Intelligent Learning Extended Organization we in
Participatory design in open education: a workshop model for developing a pattern language
Technologically enhanced learning environments raise complex challenges for their designers, developers and users. Design patterns and pattern languages have recently emerged as a potential framework for addressing some of these challenges. However, the uptake of design patterns has been slow outside of the computer science community. We argue that this is largely a consequence of a weak positioning of pattern languages, as a form of delivering expert knowledge to layperson, and suggest an alter
Collaborative Multi-professional Narrative Based e-learning. An application to teaching Medical Stat
The present paper describes e-CNA (e-Collaborative Narrative Analysis), a web based multi-agent environment where different agents contribute to the exploration and social co-construction of the meanings of a set of narratives. The paper also describes an action-research e-learning experiment aimed to involve the students of different courses and a multi-disciplinary team of health professionals in a blended online educational project on qualitative and quantitative research methodologies in hea
Collaborative distributed environments for learning design tasks by means of modelling and simulatio
The Simulation discipline has to face new challenges such as the incorporation of Collaborative Technologies for professional use as well as for teaching purposes. This integration permits the creation of new kinds of support for collaborative learning processes. In this paper, we explore the potential of this synergy with DomoSim-TPC, a synchronous distributed collaborative environment for the teaching and learning of Domotics. The system supports an active, simulation-based and problem-based a
Towards educational data mining: Using data mining methods for automated chat analysis to understand
In this paper we investigate the application of data mining methods to provide learners with real-time adaptive feedback on the nature and patterns of their on-line communication while learning collaboratively.We derived two models for classifying chat messages using data mining techniques and tested these on an actual data set . The reliability of the classification of chat messages is established by comparing the models performance to that of humans. Results indicate that the classificatio
The integration of computer simulation and
learning support: an example from the physics domain of c
Discovery learning is generally seen as a promising but demanding mode of learning that, in most cases, can only be successful if students are guided in the discovery process. The present article discusses a study on discovery learning with a computer simulation environment in the physics domain of collisions. In the learning environment, which is called Collision, students learned about collisions where two particles move in the same direction and interact via a conservative force in such a way
A Dynamic component-based approach to design and implement Grid Services
Regarded as the following step of conventional distributed computing, grid computing becomes more and more popular. It puts the focus on large-scale resource sharing, including new pervasive technologies.To allow heterogeneous entity to share their resource, and more interesting their information and their knowledge, it is necessary to propose solution for integration and interoperability. Our aim is to propose an approach viewing component like an abstraction of grid services.In this paper we t
Learning Objects 3 and Instructional Design
Learning Objects and Instructional Design is focused upon the art and the science of producing learning objects that meet educational standards and needs as well as technological and functional criteria. Written by educators from across the globe, the book emphasizes two critical, strategic factors: 1) form follows function, and 2) learning objects must address the needs and desires of learners within their learning or educational context. The book integrates issues such as multimedia for instru
Cognitive factors related to user involvement with computers and their effects upon learning from an
Cognitive theories proposed to explain the high motivation to use, and deep involvement with computers, often found in schoolchildren suggest three main factors. They are: desire in the user to control the computer; the user responds to a perceived challenge from the computer; and the user wishes to explore the complexity of the computer software. The paper describes an experiment using a specifically developed piece of software to investigate these factors and to assess their effects on involve
APLUSIX, A learning environment for algebra, actual use and benefits
After a presentation of the APLUSIX system, a learning environment for formal algebra, we describe the use of this system in a French class of grade 10, in particular a sequence devoted to factorisations and equations, and an analysis of the students' work during this sequence. This study exhibits the influence of the tools provided by the software on the construction of competences in algebra. We also report the opinion of a teacher who used the APLUSIX system during one year with this class.
Collage, a Collaborative Learning Design Editor Based on Patterns Special Issue on Learning Design
This paper introduces Collage, a high-level IMS-LD compliant authoring tool that is specialized for CSCL (Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning). Nowadays CSCL is a key trend in e-learning since it highlights the importance of social interactions as an essential element of learning. CSCL is an interdisciplinary domain, which demands participatory design techniques that allow teachers to get directly involved in design activities. Developing CSCL designs using LD is a difficult task for teach
Thursday 12th December 
Marie says she spent much of the day knitting mittens with one finger for the soldiers. Mrs. Fitch came over to visit. Her 11 year old son left home to join Dunhams Regiment at Camp Bedford. The Fitches are going to try and get him back.,Thursday 12th Dec 
Weather clear and seasonable
heavy white frost this morning. I knit
most of the day on a mit for the soldiers
we knit them with one finger. Mrs.
Fitch was here this afternoon one
of her sons about 11 years left here
Where is your favourite place?
The English National Curriculum subject Citizenship: Unit 05 Living in a Diverse World, Section 2. What are different places like? To encourage the children to think about how other people live their lives and complete a series of tasks. Through a range of activities, they explore sameness, difference and diversity. Key Stage 1, Key Stage 2,
Is Lipid-Lowering Therapy Underused by African Americans at High Risk of Coronary Heart Disease With
Objectives. We examined whether racial differences exist in cholesterol monitoring, use of lipid-lowering agents, and achievement of guideline-recommended lowdensity lipoprotein (LDL) levels for secondary prevention of coronary heart disease. Methods. We reviewed charts for 1045 African American and White patients with coronary heart disease at 5 Veterans Affairs (VA) hospitals. Results. Lipid levels were obtained in 67.0% of patients. Whites and African Americans had similar screening rates an
Elementary Abstract Algebra
This book is intended for a one semester introduction to abstract algebra. Available in postscript, pdf, and latex formats.
- Ah! ben par exemple le convoi qui va venir peut se flatter de l'échapper d'une belle!... toute la
4th state.,Published in: Le Charivari, May 30, 1843.,A man has just found a needle on the railway tracks. This print is offering a commentary on the potential dangers of train travel. However, the speed of the trains was very moderate and the interior similar to horse carriages.
Conflict resolution: Raising an issue
The way we raise an issue has a significant effect on the entire problem-solving process. By raising an issue in a constructive way, we set the stage early for resolving the conflict productively. The purpose of this unit is to give participants an opportunity to practice and explore this type of problem solving.
Football team of Pomona College class of 1905
The members of the Pomona College class of 1906 football team pose for a photograph crouched in their positions. Wallace Robb is on the back row, standing with his hands on his hips (third from left). Vernon Wolcott is on the front row, third from left. A group of small children look on in the background.