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DSTM: a Framework to Operationalize and Refine a Problem-Solving Method modeled in terms of Tasks an
In this paper we present DSTM, a framework that enables the operationalization and the refinement of problem-solving methods modelled within the Task–Method paradigm. DSTM proposes an operational kernel, i.e. operational but flexible high-level constructions: modelling primitives, such as task or method, and manipulation mechanisms, such as select a method. These constructions can be customized in order to better capture the paper-based model to be operationalized. This permits the construction
Author(s): Trichet Francky,Tchounikine Pierre

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A Bayesian Student Model without Hidden Nodes and Its Comparison with Item Response Theory
The Bayesian framework offers a number of techniques for inferring an individual's knowledge state from evidence of mastery of concepts or skills. A typical application where such a technique can be useful is Computer Adaptive Testing (CAT). A Bayesian modeling scheme, POKS, is proposed and compared to the traditional Item Response Theory (IRT), which has been the prevalent CAT approach for the last three decades. POKS is based on the theory of knowledge spaces and constructs item-to-item gra
Author(s): Desmarais Michel C,Pu Xiaoming

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Remote Training via WEB for Operation and Maintenance of a Rain Monitoring Equipment using PHP and G
The aim of this paper is to present the development and implementation of an interactive environment via WEB for the training of non-centralized technician teams that work with the maintenance of ambient monitoring equipment. The case presented here is concerned to the network of Pluviologgers installed in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil. The tools used for the construction of the WEB environment and, also, the requirements are detailed. The methodology and the techniques presented in this c
Author(s): Regis Adriano,Vieira Hamilton Justino,Ferreira Gol

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EyA system: Automated audio-video-slide recordings
We discuss on an innovative system developed in-house to archive and share scientific lectures carried out using modern presentations (PPT, PDF, animations, etc) or, alternatively, the commonly used traditional chalkboards found in classrooms. The system -named "Enhance your Audience" (EyA), allows to widening the audience for such activities with little efforts. The technologies employed are low-cost.
Author(s): Canessa Enrique,Fonda Carlo,Zennaro Marco

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The methodical approach to e-portfolio content formation
The paper develops a methodical approach to e-portfolio content formation. It includes several positions: application e-portfolio for different users’ category; substantiation of criteria for e-portfolio formations; design of curriculum and materials structure, which adequate to criteria set; developing complex project for realizing practical competences.
Author(s): Oleksandr Pushkar,Tetyana Lepeyko

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Joint Bachelor Degree in Information Technology
This paper will present the BIT2010 project, a project that will be developed and implemented during the period 2006-2009, under the Socrates-Erasmus Curriculum Development scheme, financed by the European Commission. Based on the influence of the ICT domain on the most important world’s economies, the emergency of new higher education programs in ICT is presented. The needs for a new ICT graduates’ profile and a new ICT Curriculum were taken into consideration. Clear achievements in the areas
Author(s): Logofatu Bogdan,Auer Michael

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Motor-Manipulatory Behaviours and Learning: an Observational Study
In this paper we investigated the role of motor-manipulatory behaviour in the learning modalities of thirty-five primary school children interacting with a Lego MindStorms kit. In particular, by means of an observational taxonomy of children’s behaviour, we analysed the video records of two observational sessions regarding the learning activities during the building of a small robot. Our results demonstrated that motormanipulatory behaviours are strictly linked to cognitive processes, and that
Author(s): Bilotta Eleonora,Gabriele Lorella,Servidio Rocco,T

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Transforming classroom teaching & learning through technology: Analysis of a case study
The paper discusses the results of a research project based on the field testing of a course aimed at developing arithmetic problem solving skills in primary school pupils. The course was designed to incorporate e-learning techniques, including the use of ARI@ITALES authoring tools. These tools allowed the integration in the course of constructivist activities based on interaction with a set of different microworlds. The aims of the project were twofold: to analyse how the adopted approach and t
Author(s): Bottino Rosa Maria,Robotti Elisabetta

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Developing an Architecture of Participation
This paper focuses on work undertaken through the European Commission funded Bazaar project to establish a community of practice for researchers and practitioners in open source software and open content. The paper considers the use of social software to support such a communitty of practice. It consiers some of the theories and ideas behind supporting communities before going on to outline the design of an Architecture of Participation.
Author(s): Attwell Graham,Elferink Raymond

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Making lifelong learning a reality for all The impact of legal and political frameworks on accessibl
Within the EU4ALL project (www.eu4all-project.eu) extensive research has been undertaken to detect the impact of legal and political frameworks on the accessibility of lifelong learning (ALL), with a clear focus on higher education in this initial phase. The introduction of appropriate technologies in educational institutions is accompanied and shaped by legal and political concepts, measures and programmes capable of reducing or strengthening existing barriers to the participation in lifelong l
Author(s): Weiermair-Märki Cäcilia,Unterfrauner Elisabeth

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Learning through investigative games and internet on-line activities
Internet is an important phenomenon in our society and already become one of the mostly used media around the world. In human history this is the first media, which is broadly used in so little time. Obviously, it plays an important role also in the life of our children. They use it for communication with each other (chat, email), they use it for finding new information to school, and they search the web or even create their own websites. The investigative games on internet are competitions, thr
Author(s): Gálik Zoltán

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Goal Configurations and Processing Strategies as Moderators Between Instructional Design and Cogniti
In this article, we propose some augmentations of cognitive load theory (CLT) inspired by evidence from hypertext-based instruction. In particular, we focus on the role of goal configurations and processing strategies as moderators between instructional design and cognitive load. First, we describe pivotal assumptions of CLT and conceptual shortcomings related to these assumptions. Second, we review evidence from our own hypertext-based research that gives reasons for integrating configurations
Author(s): Gerjets Peter,Scheiter Katharina

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Designing and Supporting Collaborative Modelling Activities in the Classroom
Over the last ten years, we have observed an increasing interest of the “computers in education” and other related research communities in supporting not only individual learners but also learning groups. The most prominent scenarios in this line of research and development have certainly been centred around virtual learning groups using computerised communication and cooperation facilities. From a technology point of view, the focus of this work has been on synchronous and asynchronous inform
Author(s): Hoppe Ulrich,Pinkwart Niels,Lingnau Andreas,Hofman

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Collaborative Writing in a Computer-integrated Classroom for Early Learning
This paper describes a collaborative experiment with a special software application supporting the acquisition of initial reading and writing skills embedded in a computer-integrated environment for young children. The NIMIS project has set up three Computer-integrated Classrooms across Europe with appropriate "roomware" environments, i.e. furniture, hardware and software to support early learning. Here, we present a collaborative writing task facilitated by a shared workspace system, that has b
Author(s): Tewissen Frank,Lingnau Andreas,Hoppe Ulrich,Mannha

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Towards a Pattern Language for Intelligent Teaching and Training Systems
Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITSs) are usually based on similar fundamental structures. In contrast to this, software engineering techniques are seldomly used for realizing ITSs. In the last years, some approaches tried to change this: pattern mining took place; methods covering the specifics of ITS project development have been deployed. These approaches usually focus on a specific system type or on a certain application domain. What is missing is a combination of all the different approaches
Author(s): Harrer Andreas,Martens Alke

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Multimodality in Online Language Learning Environments : Looking for a methodology
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Author(s): Lamy Marie-Noëlle

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Processing and Transforming Collaborative Learning Protocols for Learner's Reflection and Tutor's Ev
This paper discusses the potential of processing and analysis of collaborative learning protocols, which in the first place are represented as low-level logfiles of actions in collaborative learning environments. These protocols can be abstracted, analysed, and augmented to provide the users with feedback about the collaboration process. We present several techniques we implemented which may be combined to support learner s self-reflection as well as tutors in evaluating the process.
Author(s): Harrer Andreas,Bollen Lars,Hoppe Ulrich

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Facilitating Knowledge Convergence in Videoconferencing Environments: The Role of External Represent
The study analyzed how two types of graphical representation tools influence the way in which dyads use shared and unshared knowledge resources in different collaboration scenarios, and how learners represent and transfer shared knowledge under these different conditions. We varied the type of graphical representation (content-specific vs. contentunspecific) and the collaboration scenario (videoconferencing vs. face-to-face). 64 university students participated. Results show that learning partne
Author(s): Fischer Frank,Mandl Heinz

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Intelligent CALL: The magnitude of the task
The quality of most CALL programs is not well balanced with respect to the use of computer technology and of language content and processing. This imbalance can be explained by a number of constraints pulling CALL developers in diverging directions. For commercial CALLware the poor learner fit and lack of feedback is a serious impediment. So far ICALL approaches trying to overcome this have not been of a sufficiently high quality due to the vast distance between most learner language and the tex
Author(s): Tschichold Cornelia

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The use of NLP tools for Basque in a multiple user CALL environment and its feedback
In this article, we present a Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL) environment for Basque. The environment has different aims: on the one hand, to offer the users (teachers, learners and computational linguists) different tools and language resources to clarify the linguistic doubts they might have about the language, and on the other hand, to store information about language learners, deviations and errors as the basis for further studies in CALL and Natural Language Processing (NLP). The
Author(s): Aldabe Itziar,Arrieta Bertol,Díaz de Ilarraza Ara

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