Learning outcomes
This unit helps you understand the properties of nucleotides and how they contribute to secondary and tertiary structures of nucleic acids at the molecular level. You will learn about the different composition and roles of nucleic acids in the cell, their interactions with each other and the use of ribozymes, aptamers, antisense and hybridization as tools in molecular research. The unit covers the function of DNA packaging within the cell, the interactions between the DNA double helix and the nu
Author(s): The Open University

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External Assessor
This unit examines the use of polymers and demonstrates how the properties of polymers are controlled by their molecular structure. You will learn how this structure determines which polymer to use for a particular product. You will also explore the manufacturing techniques used and the how the use of polymerisation can be used to control the structure of polymers.
Author(s): The Open University

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Learning outcomes
From diamonds to dynamite everything involves a chemical reaction. This unit introduces you to the concepts and principles that underpin chemistry at the molecular level. Everyday experiences are used to help you to understand the more complex issues.
Author(s): The Open University

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Acknowledgements

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources:

Figures

Figure 7 (a): PDB ID 1BKV Kramer, R. Z., Bella, J., Mayville, P., Brodsky, B. and Berman, H. M. (1990) ‘Sequence dependent conformational variations of collagen triple-helical structure’, Natural Structural Biology, vol. 6, pp. 454–57

Figure 7(b): PDB ID 1ATN Kabsch, W., Mannherz, H. G., Suck, D., Pai, E. F. and Holmes, K. C. (1990) ‘Atomic
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Acknowledgements
This unit is concerned with macroevolution – the patterns and processes of evolution above the species level. A crucial consideration in macroevolutionary studies is that of the evolutionary relationships (phylogeny) of the organisms in question. The unit begins with an introduction to the scope of macroevolutionary studies and illustrates methods of reconstructing phylogeny, from both morphological and molecular data.
Author(s): The Open University

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Learning outcomes
This unit is concerned with macroevolution – the patterns and processes of evolution above the species level. A crucial consideration in macroevolutionary studies is that of the evolutionary relationships (phylogeny) of the organisms in question. The unit begins with an introduction to the scope of macroevolutionary studies and illustrates methods of reconstructing phylogeny, from both morphological and molecular data.
Author(s): The Open University

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Carbon and Energy Efficient Supply Chains
Consumers will soon be able to quantify the carbon footprint of products they consume, and that could begin to change consumer behavior. The common banana you buy, say organic or not, is probably labeled by the country or origin. Increasingly, you might see a second sticker adorning your beloved yellow fruit – it will be a
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Motion Commotion
Students learn why and how motion occurs and what governs changes in motion, as described by Newton's three laws of motion. They gain hands-on experience with the concepts of forces, changes in motion, and action and reaction. In an associated literacy activity, students design a behavioral survey and learn basic protocol for primary research, survey design and report writing.
Author(s): Integrated Teaching and Learning Program,

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Injection-moulded polystyrene (PS) case
The colours in the image are the result of birefringence and relate to the residual strain in the polystyrene. The pattern of strain is indicative of the flow of material during the injection process and it highlights the injection point (known as a 'sprue') which can also be identified by a small lump on the surface; the molecular alignment is greatest near this point. Towards the edges of the ruler and along its length, the material becomes more relaxed and as the molecular alignment falls,
Author(s): DoITPoMS, University of Cambridge,J A Curran, Depa

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May the Force Be With You: Thrust
In this lesson, students will study how propellers and jet turbines generate thrust. This lesson focuses on Isaac Newton’s 3rd Law of Motion, which states that for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction.
Author(s): Integrated Teaching and Learning Program,

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Lecture 16: Hybridization and Chemical Bonding
Introduction to chemistry, with emphasis on basic principles of atomic and molecular electronic structure, thermodynamics, acid-base and redox equilibria, chemical kinetics, and catalysis. Introduction to the chemistry of biological, inorganic, and organic molecules.
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Lecture 11: Covalent Bonds
Introduction to chemistry, with emphasis on basic principles of atomic and molecular electronic structure, thermodynamics, acid-base and redox equilibria, chemical kinetics, and catalysis. Introduction to the chemistry of biological, inorganic, and organic molecules.
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Lecture 19: Molecular Description of Acids and Bases
5.112 is an introductory chemistry course for students with an unusually strong background in chemistry. Knowledge of calculus equivalent to 18.01 is recommended. Emphasis is on basic principles of atomic and molecular electronic structure, thermodynamics, acid-base and redox equilibria, chemical kinetics, and catalysis. The course also covers applications of basic principles to problems in metal coordination chemistry, organic chemistry, and biological chemistry.
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Angiogenesis and Metastasis in Cancer
The resource below is a series of Powerpoint slides (and a list of further reading) on the cellular and molecular basis of angiogenesis and metastasis in cancer. It gives a short overview of the basic organisation of blood vessels and how tuours agrow and spread by stimulating new blood vessel growth and metastic transformation, highlighting the signalling pathways involved in these processes. These slides were created by Dr. Momna Hejmadi as part of her course to first and second year undergrad
Author(s): Dr. Momna Hejmadi, University of Bath

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Lecture 16 - 11/18/2010
Lecture 16
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Injection-moulded polystyrene ruler
The colours in the image are the result of birefringence and relate to the residual strain in the polystyrene. The pattern of strain is indicative of the flow of material during the injection process and it highlights the injection point (known as a 'gate') at the end of the ruler; the molecular alignment is greatest near this point. Towards the edges of the ruler and along its length, the material becomes more relaxed and as the molecular alignment falls, the retardation of light is less. If he
Author(s): J A Curran, Department of Materials Science and Me

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ChemTube3D
ChemTube3D contains interactive 3D animations and structures, with supporting information for some of the most important topics covered during an undergraduate chemistry degree including organic structure and bonding, organic reaction mechanisms, solid state inorganic materials and polymers.
Author(s): Nick Greeves

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Recombinant DNA
Recombinant DNA provides a methodical overview to gene manipulation and analysis in five chapters. These cover molecular cloning, DNA sequencing by the enzymatic method, the polymerase chain reaction, variable numbers of tandem repeats, and random amplification of polymorphic DNA.
Author(s): Royal Veterinary College

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Immunology basics
This is a module framework. It can be viewed online or downloaded as a zip file. As taught Autumn semester 2009 Infections are a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The body fights infection through the functions of the immune system, whose power has been harnessed by the development of vaccination (immunisation). Suitable for study at: Undergraduate levels 1 and 2. Dr Ian Todd, School of Molecular Medical Sciences Dr Ian Todd is Associate Professor & Reader in Cellular Immunopatho
Author(s): Todd Ian Dr

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Nottingham U-Now
University of Nottingham, Molecular Medical Sciences
Author(s): University of Nottingham

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