President Obama’s ‘New’ Afghanistan-Pakistan Strategy: Why it is Unlikely to Work
Shifting resources from Iraq to the so called ‘war of necessity' in Afghanistan by President Obama, while significant, is unlikely to be effective. This is largely because the fundamental assumptions long held by the Bush administration policy makers about the nature of the conflict in Afghanistan and Pakistan, their conception of terrorism and how to defeat it, and how to reclaim American and global security remain unchanged. Without honest reconsideration of such assumptions within the b
Against the odds? Pathways to peace in East Timor, Aceh and West Papua
States rarely disintegrate in the way that former Yugoslavia did in the 1990s. Many thought Indonesia would disintegrate in the wake of a large number of violent internal conflicts at the turn of the century. East Timor was an exception that did break away to achieve independence. Aceh followed the more historically common path of reintegration after a peace process that made substantial concessions to separatists. West Papua is another Indonesian exception in failing to achieve positive peace a
The Defence White Paper and Australia’s Future in Asia: Will We Remain a Middle Power?
This year's Defence White Paper is more than a shopping list for the military. Behind the force priorities and budget estimates lie key judgments about the kind of regional we expect to live in, and the kind of role Australia expects to play in it. This lecture explored the underlying policy logic of the White Paper, and discussed where it might take Australia. Will it equip Australia to remain a middle power in the Asian Century, or mark our acceptance of a future as a small p
The Next 100 Years - A Forecast for the 21st Century
In his book The Next 100 Years, George Friedman offers a lucid, highly readable forecast of the changes we can expect around the world during the twenty-first century. He explains where and why future wars will erupt (and how they will be fought), which nations will gain and lose economic and political power, and how new technologies and cultural trends will alter the way we live in the new century. Drawing on history and geopolitical patterns dating back hundreds of years, Friedman shows that w
Climate Change and Global Health
Climate change raises a number of challenges to human wellbeing, among these is the threat to our health. In combination with climate change, large-scale global environmental changes such as loss of biodiversity, changes in fresh water supplies and stresses on food production systems, have the potential to cause systemic adverse alterations in patterns of health and disease. These can combine with many other specific challenges, including the emergence of new infectious diseases and the re-emerg
Obamarama & the audacity of evidence for health reform in the United States
Since President Barrack Obama took office early this year, Congress has proposed bold actions to address the ailing United States health care system. In a system that spends $2.4 trillion each year on health care with some of the worst outcomes in the western world, there is enthusiasm to revitalise primary care. Dr Andrew Bazemore, of the Robert Graham Center in Washington DC, will talk about health reform in the US and the renewed role for evidence-based policy making.
Jane Waldfogel - Early Years Child Development and Social Mobility
Social Mobility has become a major political discussion point in recent years, here Professor Jane Waldfogel from Columbia University, New York, a leading expert on early years child development, discuss the importance of the early years of childhood for life chances and the evidence that policy intervention can make a difference to poor children's development.
India and China: Can two tigers share a mountain?
To outsiders, India and China show some striking similarities. Both are ancient civilizations reincarnated as modern republics in the mid twentieth century, and are now rising powers. Both have nuclear weapons, burgeoning economies, expanding military budgets and large reservoirs of manpower, and seem to be vying for influence in the Indian Ocean, the Persian Gulf, Africa, Central Asia and East Asia. Yet little attention is paid to the relationships between them. (From India and China: Conflict
The Missing Dimension of Stateness
While Professor Francis Fukuyama’s changing evaluation of the arguments of his one-time Neocon colleagues has illuminated major issues about American policy and the war in Iraq, his general thinking about weak states and foreign intervention has received less attention in Australia. In this lecture he continues his review of policies and practices on international aid and the rebuilding of weak, failing and failed states. As Professor Fukuyama has argued, “state-building is one
The Future of the United Nations Security Council
2008 has already brought major new challenges for diplomats. The situations in Kenya and Pakistan underline the depths of the problems in Africa and elsewhere. The Security Council and UN peacekeepers were already at historically high levels of activity in 2006-2007. Can they take on any more? NATO, the EU, the US, the Nordics, and Australia and New Zealand also seem to be stretched to the limit. Perhaps it is time for some searching analysis of whether the current machinery for international co
Eliminating Nuclear Weapons
The Rt Hon Sir Malcolm Rifkind MP on how, in the 21st century, nuclear weapons pose a greater danger than ever before and their possession is less necessary. The time has come to forge agreement on a process of multilateral disarmament. Achieving an end-state of "zero" has emerged as an important policy goal for a number of 21st Century challenges. The most prominent example is the "Global Zero" campaign to eliminate nuclear weapons. Yet, in a century of globalization, when the life of every ind
Wit's Last Stake
Eighteenth-century farce delights 21st-century audiences. Todd Norris describes timeless comic themes.
Climate Change and the Fate of the Amazon 2007 - Structure of Amazonian vegetation in the first half
Structure of Amazonian vegetation in the first half of the 21st Century
This unit examines the role that Scots played in contributing to the developments in healthcare during the nineteenth century. The radical transformation of medicine in Europe included the admission of women as doctors and the increased numbers of specialised institutions such as asylums. Such developments were also influenced by wider social, economic, political and cultural backgrounds – these are also examined.
Bleeding in Early Pregnancy
Bleeding in Early Pregnancy
21st Century: Present and Future Challenges
The beginning of the 21st century presents the interwoven challenges of climate change, rapid population growth and increasing freshwater, food and energy pressures. These challenges will be discussed as will the manner in which humanity has sought to meet them so far and is likely to do so in the future.
Around 1919 & in Mexico City
Mexico furnished the era of social and cultural change that started ‘right around 1910’ with its first popular revolution. By 1919 Mexico City had become a refuge for the world’s radicals. To a despairing world, it offered a unique site to safely experiment with all sorts of enchantments. In this culturally promiscuous capital not only the meaning of Mexico was at stake, but also the meanings of major modernist concepts –revolution, the popular, avant-garde, authenticity,
Australian-US comparative government and political systems
Dr Hart will explore the main features of the Australian political system through comparison with the United States. He will compare and contrast the struggle of self-government in Australia and the US. He will look at how much Australian politics has been influenced by American was well as British forms of government, particularly focusing on the extent to which the Australian Prime Minister has become ‘presidentialised'. The presentation will also cover the essential differences between
Strategy, Policy and Institutions Time for a Re-Think
Australian security policy is increasingly irrelevant to the looming realities of the 21st century. A lack of strategic direction, a mish-mash of unconnected policies, and policy institutions that are irrelevant to the security challenges of 2050 - these are critical obstacles to a consistent, credible and effective approach to national security. Our very concept of "security" is outmoded. The solution is as easy as it is radical. It demands three straightforward steps. F
La intención del escritor y su mensaje
This unit is designed to develop your knowledge and understanding of Spanish-speaking societies and cultures and extend the practical skills of listening, speaking, reading and writing. You will examine the world of Spanish and Latin-American art and explore the difference between art and craft.