Canary in a Coal Mine (MWV16)
Coral reefs are dying a death of a thousand cuts and their disappearance threatens not only the incredibly diverse ecosystem that depends on them, but also human health and welfare. In this episode of MicrobeWorld Video marine scientists Ove Hoegh-Guldberg, Ph.D., chair of marine studies at the University of Queensland in Brisbane, Australia, and Kiho Kim, Ph.D., director of the environmental studies program at American University, explain the important relationship between microbes and corals,
Parental Literacy and Infant Health: An Evidence-Based Healthy Start Intervention
Syracuse Healthy Start, a federally funded infant mortality prevention project in Onondaga County, New York, has undertaken a range of interventions to address parental low literacy as a risk factor for infant mortality. A growing number of studies advocate for health-related information that is easy to read, of a low literacy level, and culturally appropriate. Creation of an evidence-based public health intervention involves analyzing local data, reviewing published studies, assessing available
Culturally appropriate health education for type 2 diabetes mellitus in ethnic minority groups
Background Ethnic minority groups in upper-middle and high income countries tend to be socio-economically disadvantaged and to have higher prevalence of type 2 diabetes than the majority population. Objectives To assess the effectiveness of culturally appropriate diabetes health education on important outcome measures in type 2 diabetes. Search strategy We searched the The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, ERIC, SIGLE and reference lists of articles. We also contacted auth
An Approach to Studying Social Disparities in Health and Health Care
Objective. We explored methods and potential applications of a systematic approach to studying and monitoring social disparities in health and health care. Methods. Using delayed or no prenatal care as an example indicator, we (1) categorized women into groups with different levels of underlying social advantage; (2) described and graphically displayed rates of the indicator and relativegroup size for each social group; (3) identified and measured disparities, calculating relative risks and rat
Self-Reported Experiences of Racial Discrimination and Black–White Differences in Preterm and Low-
Objectives. We examined the effects of self-reported experiences of racial discrimination on Black–White differences in preterm (less than 37 weeks gestation) and low-birthweight (less than 2500 g) deliveries. Methods. Using logistic regression models, we analyzed data on 352 births among women enrolled in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study. Results. Among Black women, 50% of those with preterm deliveries and 61% of those with low-birthweight infants reported having
Health Care Disparities and Cervical Cancer
Objectives. We compared cervical cancer incidence, stage at diagnosis, and survival in Medicaid-insured and non–Medicaid-insured populations. Methods. We stratified the sample by age and used ordered logistic regression to predict stage at diagnosis and used Cox proportional hazards regression to predict survival. Results. Medicaid insured nearly one quarter of women diagnosed with cervical cancer. The likelihood of late-stage disease was greatest for women who enrolled in Medicaid after dia
AMA Apologizes To Blacks For Past Racial Inequality
Transplant surgeon Clive Callender has hurtful memories of being the only black doctor at medical meetings in the 1970s, met with stark silence when he pleaded for better access to transplant organs for blacks. So when the American Medical Association formally apologized Thursday for more than a century of policies that excluded blacks from a group long considered the voice of American doctors, it was belated, but still welcome.
Jesters' Rock Garden, Arlington Pier, Mobile, Alabama
This image is a colorized photograph of the Jesters' Rock Garden on Arlington Pier in Mobile, Ala.
Barbershops become urban community health centers
African-American communities in the shadows of the University of Pittsburgh's buildings are getting sick and dying sooner than their white counterparts, of preventable diseases -- and Dr. Stephen Thomas wants to change it. An outreach initiative involving local barbershops and beauty salons is a step in that direction.
Little Jerusalem, Ave Maria Grotto, Cullman, Alabama
This image is part of a series of colorized photographs of the Ave Maria Grotto in Cullman, Alabama. Postcard text: (front) "Little Jerusalem," Brother Joseph's first attempt in concrete work, moved to its present location from the Brothers' recreation grounds. From folder: Brother Joseph Zoettl, O.S.B., a Benedictine monk at Saint Bernard Abbey, began experiments with concrete miniatures early in the 20th century. Abbot Bernard Menges, recognizing the popularity of Bro. Joseph's work, ordered c
Wayside Shrine in South Park, Ave Maria Grotto, Cullman, Alabama
This image is part of a series of colorized photographs of the Ave Maria Grotto in Cullman, Alabama. Postcard text: (front) "Wayside Shrine" in the South Park. From folder: Brother Joseph Zoettl, O.S.B., a Benedictine monk at Saint Bernard Abbey, began experiments with concrete miniatures early in the 20th century. Abbot Bernard Menges, recognizing the popularity of Bro. Joseph's work, ordered construction of a park on the hillside in front of Saint Bernard College next to the abbey to display t
Community Resilience as a Metaphor, Theory, Set of Capacities, and Strategy for Disaster Readiness
Communities have the potential to function effectively and adapt successfully in the aftermath of disasters. Drawing upon literatures in several disciplines, we present a theory of resilience that encompasses contemporary understandings of stress, adaptation, wellness, and resource dynamics. Community resilience is a process linking a network of adaptive capacities (resources with dynamic attributes) to adaptation after a disturbance or adversity. Community adaptation is manifest in population w
Occupational Risk Factors for Selected Cancers Among African American and White Men in the United St
Objectives. This study examined occupational risks for non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, Hodgkin’s disease, and soft-tissue sarcoma among African American and White men. Methods. Race-specific multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted using data from a large US population-based case–control study. Results. Significant occupational risks were limited to African Americans; chromium was associated with non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (odds ratio [OR] = 3.9, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.2,
This webinar was presented on Tuesday, November 2, 2010 by Dr. Alice Gardner. Dr. Gardner discusses select pharmacogenomic effects in patients with asthma.
Fiddle Tunes of the Old Frontier
Fiddle Tunes of the Old Frontier: The Henry Reed Collection is a multi-format ethnographic field collection of traditional fiddle tunes performed by Henry Reed of Glen Lyn, Virginia. Recorded by folklorist Alan Jabbour in 1966-67, when Reed was over eighty years old, the tunes represent the music and evoke the history and spirit of Virginia's Appalachian frontier. Many of the tunes have passed back into circulation during the fiddling revival of the later twentieth century. This online collectio
First Person Narratives of the American South, 1860-1920
This site documents the culture of the 19th century American South from the viewpoint of Southerners. It includes diaries, autobiographies, memoirs, ex-slave narratives, and travel accounts of women, African Americans, enlisted men, Native Americans, laborers, and prominent individuals. The site features 140 titles, including some published before 1860.
Characterization of adhesives at room and elevated temperatures
Recent interest in advanced materials has paved the way for exploring joining options besides the traditional mechanical or thermal methods such as riveting or welding. Because of the availability of highly advanced materials, mass production rates and demands for more aesthetic products, adhesive bonding is being used in more applications. Today, interstate signs, semi-trailer panels, aircraft structures, and many other commonly used products are adhesively bonded. Some of the common misconcept
Design and evaluation of composite car-front subframe rails in a sedan and its corresponding occupan
Today occupant safety is of a prime concern to every car manufacturer. New standards are being set for the safety of the occupant in different crash scenarios like frontal head on collision, angle impacts, side impacts, rear impacts and rollover. Among these standards, frontal impact is one of the fatal crash scenarios that lead to death of scores of people in the United States and across the globe. The automotive mid-rail is the main load carrying/energy-absorbing component in a event of fronta
Modeling of rollover protective structure and falling object protective structure tests on a composi
Machines have become indispensable as part of our day today lives. They have made a stand in various fields like agriculture, construction, mining, materials handling, excavating and general use in industries. Skid Steer loader is one such machine which has the ability to fit into all of these categories. Skid steer loaders are known the world over for versatility and maneuverability. These are agile machines which have become a part of most industries. Their ability of having various attachment
Evaluating cardiac gene expression in maternal phenylketonuria offspring
Maternal phenylketonuria (MPKU) is a teratogenic syndrome, caused by development of offspring in a uterine environment made toxic by the metabolic imbalance of PKU. The birth defects resulting from untreated MPKU include microcephaly with concomitant mental retardation, growth retardation, and congenital heart defects. Congenital heart defects have been identified and characterized in MPKU offspring, using the BTBR-PAHenu2 mouse MPKU model. Subsequently, this mouse model was used to start invest