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3.7.1 Spoiled identities: stigma

In his classic book Stigma (1963) the sociologist Erving Goffman argues that stigma is a relationship of devaluation in which an individual is disqualified from full social acceptance. Society establishes ways of categorising persons and what are felt to be the ‘natural’ or ‘normal’ attributes for each category. Stigma, then, is essentially a pejorative label that sticks, one that is applied to an individual's ‘differentness’, their perceived non-confo
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Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence - see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ - Original copyright The Open University

Introduction

From an early age, play is important to a child's development and learning. It isn't just physical. It can involve cognitive, imaginative, creative, emotional and social aspects. It is the main way most children express their impulse to explore, experiment and understand. Children of all ages play.

(Dobson, 2004, p.8)

This material is from our archive and is an adapted extract from Devel
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References

Allan, J. (1999) Actively Seeking Inclusion: pupils with special needs in mainstream schools, London, Falmer Press.
Alston, J. (1995) Assessing and Promoting Writing Skills, Stafford, NASEN Enterprises Ltd.
Benjamin, S., Nind, M., Hall, K., Collins, J. and Sheehy, K. (2002) ‘Moments of inclusion and exclusion: pupils negotiating classroom contexts’, pa
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Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting
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