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References
Access to healthcare is important to all of us. Did the arrival of state medicine in the twentieth century mean that everyone had access to good medical services? If you fell sick in 1930 where could you get treatment – from a GP, a hospital, a nurse? This unit shows that in the early twentieth century, access to care was unequally divided. The rich could afford care; working men, women and children were helped by the state; others had to rely on their own resources.
Author(s): The Open University

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2.2 Diagrams as models
Pictures speak louder than words. But how can you use diagrams to help you? This unit looks at how diagrams can be used to represent information and ideas about complex situations. You will learn how to read, draw and present diagrams to help illustrate how ideas or processes are connected.
Author(s): The Open University

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2.1 Diagrams are all around us
Pictures speak louder than words. But how can you use diagrams to help you? This unit looks at how diagrams can be used to represent information and ideas about complex situations. You will learn how to read, draw and present diagrams to help illustrate how ideas or processes are connected.
Author(s): The Open University

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7 New Lanark as showpiece and text
Childcare, education, working conditions, healthcare, crime … these issues are hotly debated in today's society. They are also issues that Robert Owen, seen by some as a visionary and by others as a knave and a charlatan, sought to address in the early 1800s. This unit uses a series of essays written by Owen to explore the ideas of this important and controversial figure.
Author(s): The Open University

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7 Conclusion
How is it that a small, poor country in northern Europe became one of the most dynamic centres of Enlightenment thinking? This unit examines the cultural, intellectual and religious characteristics of Scotland in the eighteenth century that led to the emergence of such intellectual pioneers as James Hutton, Joseph Black and William Cullen, and briefly describes their key ideas and findings.
Author(s): The Open University

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6.2 Early research in Edinburgh
How is it that a small, poor country in northern Europe became one of the most dynamic centres of Enlightenment thinking? This unit examines the cultural, intellectual and religious characteristics of Scotland in the eighteenth century that led to the emergence of such intellectual pioneers as James Hutton, Joseph Black and William Cullen, and briefly describes their key ideas and findings.
Author(s): The Open University

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References

Flood, G. (1999) Beyond Phenomenology: Rethinking the Study of Religion, London: Cassell.
Freud, S. (1995) The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, trans .J. Strachey, Volume XXI (1927-1931), London: The Hogarth Press and The Institute of Psycho-analysis.
Glassie, H. (1995) 'Tradition', Journal of American Folklore, vol.
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Powering the Planet: The Challenge for Science in the 21st Century
The supply of secure, clean, sustainable energy is arguably the most important scientific and technical challenge facing humanity in the 21st century. Rising living standards of a growing world population will cause global energy consumption to increase dramatically over the next half century. Within our lifetimes, energy consumption will increase at least two-fold. This additional energy needed is not attainable from long discussed sources, the global appetite for energy is simply too much. Pet
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Acknowledgements

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see terms and conditions), this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this book.

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24.111 Philosophy of Quantum Mechanics (MIT)
Quantum mechanics--even in the ordinary, non-relativistic, "particle" formulation that will be the primary focus of this course--has been a staggeringly successful physical theory, surely one of the crowning achievements of 20th century science. It's also rather bizarre--bizarre enough to lead very intelligent and otherwise sensible people to make such claims as that the universe is perpetually splitting into many copies of itself, that conscious minds have the power to make physical systems "ju
Author(s): Hall, Edward

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Target Earth: The Grand Scale Problems of the 21st Century
At the start of the 21st century, humankind finds itself on a non-sustainable course - a course that, unless it is changed, will lead to catastrophes of awesome consequences. Severe climate change, water shortages, mass famines, global pandemics, global terrorism... All these mega-problems are interrelated and need a long-term view of the future. They are global problems and cannot be solved by one country alone. This could be humanity's last century, or it could be the century in which civiliz
Author(s): James Martin

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Royal Society Research Showcase (Complete)
On Monday 27 September, the Oxford Martin School launched its new name amidst an audience of over 200 people who came to find out more about how the School is tackling the challenges of the 21st century. Taking place at the Royal Society, the special event included a range of presentations from leading academics in the fields of cosmology, philosophy, pathology and the social sciences.
Author(s): Various

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Chishima: Frontiers of the San Francisco Treaty in Hokkaido
A documentary film about The ‘Northern Territories’ Dispute between Japan and Russia. A documentary film about The ‘Northern Territories’ Dispute between Japan and Russia. Japan’s northern frontier with Russia has been unstable since Russians and Japanese first penetrated into those areas and encountered each other in the early nineteenth century. The two areas in dispute historically have been the large island of Sakhalin, off the eastern coast of Siberia and due north of Hokkaido, an
Author(s): Jin Suzuki

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Understanding early years environments and children’s spaces
This unit considers some of the different environments children encounter in their early years. It encourages you to develop your reflection of children’s environments and provides opportunities for you to investigate and evaluate young children’s experiences and your role in supporting them.
Author(s): The Open University

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The Fall of Rome part 3 - Docudrama Series
The third part of the episode that shows how the empire fell. Here conspirators plan what to do to the emperor and to Rome.
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Ocean Circulation and Climate: Observing and Modelling the Global Ocean
The oceans are a critical component of the climate system, storing roughly 1000 times as much heat, and 50 times as much carbon, as the atmosphere. In this talk, Professor David Marshall (21st Century Ocean Institute, University of Oxford) will discuss the challenges of predicting the evolution of a complex system that is grossly under-sampled and spans a bewildering range of scales in both space and time. These challenges will be illustrated through the important but over-sensationalised proble
Author(s): David Marshall

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1.2.1 Science throughout history: a case of attribution?

Much of the science we now take for granted was first done by scientists outside today's industrialised nations. For example, Arabic medicine was in advance of European medicine throughout the Middle Ages, and from Salerno (the first recorded medical school, founded in the 10th century), to Vesalius (the first person to publish a book of human anatomy, in 1543), Western doctors learned from their Muslim counterparts.

Activity 2 gives an opportunity to learn more about some of
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1.5.2 Resources

Resources on film music can be difficult to come by. There has been a gradual increase in the range and number of books available, and the bibliography you can get by clicking on the link below should help guide you towards useful texts.

Click 'View document' to open Indicative film music bibliography

Soundtrack albums are now released for many films, and DVDs occasionally include composer i
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6.6 Long-term energy scenarios
Access to safe, clean and sustainable energy supplies is one of the greatest challenges facing humanity during the twenty-first century. This unit will survey the world’s present energy systems and their sustainability problems, together with some of the possible solutions to those problems and how these might emerge in practice.
Author(s): The Open University

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6.1 Introduction
Access to safe, clean and sustainable energy supplies is one of the greatest challenges facing humanity during the twenty-first century. This unit will survey the world’s present energy systems and their sustainability problems, together with some of the possible solutions to those problems and how these might emerge in practice.
Author(s): The Open University

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