Journalism, Letters, and Nation: The Newspaper Letters of Samuel Bowles’s Across the Continent (18
Newspaper publisher Samuel Bowles set out on a trip in the early summer of 1865 to see and write about the United States of America. A leading figure in journalism and in political discourses before and after the Civil War, Bowles shared his experiences in a series of thirty-two letters, addressed to the readers of his influential Massachusetts newspaper, the Springfield Republican. The letters were subsequently compiled into a book, Across the Continent: A Summer’s Journey to the Rocky Mounta
A Case Study of Implementing an International Baccalaureate Middle Years Programme: Teachers' Motiva
The International Baccalaureate Middle Years Programme (IB MYP) is a highly competitive and rigorous review process of a middle school curriculum that, if successful, results in the school’s acceptance in an international form of accreditation. The purpose of this qualitative case study was to explore the factors influencing teachers’ motivation and their perceptions towards change in initiating and implementing a new program called the International Baccalaureate Middle Years Programme (IB
A National Study of Chronic Disease Prevalence and Access to Care in Uninsured U.S. Adults
Background: No recent national studies have assessed chronic illness prevalence or access to care among persons without insurance in the United States. Objective: To compare reports of chronic conditions and access to care among U.S. adults, by self-reported insurance status. Design: Population-based survey. Setting: National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (1999–2004). Participants: 12 486 patients age 18 to 64 years. Measurements: Estimates of national rates of cardiovascular d
Lecture 17 - 11/23/2010
Small slide rule, plastic foil scales on wood; in own green case. Date: 1950 - 1959 - from the The Betty Smithers Design Collection at Staffordshire University.
Long Black Satin-Look Skirt with Red Tulip Design
Long black satin-look skirt with red tulip design. Plastic zip and button to centre back.. Maker: Victim - from the The Betty Smithers Design Collection at Staffordshire University.
Cosmonauts walk in space
Russian cosmonauts conduct a spacewalk on the International Space Station to prepare the outpost for future assembly work. Katharine Jackson reports.
Lecture 23 - 11/15/2010
"What I think works well...": Learners evaluation and actual usage of online tools
This paper will describe and analyse data gathered during a pilot language course run fully online and based on a Moodle VLE. The new online tools, whether as part of an integrated VLE or separately, lend themselves to reflective learning (e.g. blogs) or collaborative group activities (e.g. wikis). This case study of two learners is based on the project CyberDeutsch at the Department of Languages of the Open University, a five week, intensive German course offered to self-selected intermedia
Mixing Human and Software Agents: A Case Study
This paper describes a multi agent approach of the organisation of a collective activity within a pedagogical context. We consider pedagogical situations where students have to explicitly define the articulation of their collective work and then achieve the different tasks they have defined. Our objective is to support these students by taking some of these tasks in charge whilst making them work out such organisation features. For this purpose, we propose to consider that the group of students
Promoting Self-Directed Learning in Simulation Based Discovery Learning Environments Through Intell
Providing learners with computer-generated feedback on their learning process in simulation-based discovery environments cannot be based on a detailed model of the learning process due to the "open" character of discovery learning. This paper describes a method for generating adaptive feedback for discovery learning based on an "opportunistic" learning model that takes the current hypothesis of the learner and the experiments performed to test this hypothesis as input. The method was applied in
Using e-mail to support reflective narration
This article presents an exploratory study of e-mail use for reflective narration. Narration is viewed from three perspectives: the narrating act, the narrative statement, and the story. These perspectives are used to characterize the 69 e-mails that were exchanged between 13 groups of children from three primary schools. The findings show that e-mail narration has monologic and dialogic qualities, and leads to cognitive and personal reflections on the learning task. We conclude that e-mail can
The LEAP Authoring Tool: Supporting complex courseware authoring through reuse, rapid prototyping, a
An important goal of current work in computer-based learning environments is to develop systems that combine the richness and effectiveness of an individually crafted intelligent tutoring system (ITS) with the generality and flexibility of a computer-assisted instruction (CAI) authoring tool. Our effort to achieve this goal is demonstrated in the Learn, Explore and Practice (LEAPsm) ITS shell and its courseware development component, The LEAP Authoring Tool (LAT). The LAT was developed for use b
On the Cognitive Prerequisites of Learning Computer Programming
Training in computer literacy of some form, much of which will consist of training in computer programming, is likely to involve $3 billion of the $14 billion to be spent on personal computers by 1986 (Harmon, 1983). Who will do the training? "hardware and software manufacturers, management consultants, -retailers, independent computer instruction centers, corporations' in-house training programs, public and private schools and universities, and a variety of consultants1' (-ibid. , p. 27). To da
Building theories: working in a microworld and writing the mathematical notebook
In the framework of a long term teaching experiment we present an Educational approach based on the use of a dynamic geometry software and a symbolic manipulator. Here we present the general ideas of the followed approach focusing on how meanings can originate from phenomenological experience and evolve under the guidance of the teacher. In particular we will focus on meanings related to the ideas of theory, axiom and theorem.
3.1 The use of ‘you’
Sunset Song was written in the early 1930s and is still one of the best-known and most-debated Scottish novels. In this unit, we discuss whether Sunset Song succeeds as critique of capitalism and whether it has value as a work of literature separate from its propagandistic ambitions.
3.3 How others see us The relative nature of poverty is an old theme in social science. Adam Smith, the eighteenth century writer who is often regarded as the founding father of economics, put it this way: ‘By necessaries I understand not only the commodities that are indispensably necessary for the support of life, but whatever the custom of the country renders it indecent for creditable people, even the lowest orders, to be without’ (Smith, 1776, quoted in Sen, 1981). Ideas of what it is to be poo
The relative nature of poverty is an old theme in social science. Adam Smith, the eighteenth century writer who is often regarded as the founding father of economics, put it this way: ‘By necessaries I understand not only the commodities that are indispensably necessary for the support of life, but whatever the custom of the country renders it indecent for creditable people, even the lowest orders, to be without’ (Smith, 1776, quoted in Sen, 1981).
Ideas of what it is to be poo
4.2 Possible Answers to External World Scepticism
Part 4.2. Investigates some of the possible solutions to Descartes' sceptical problem of the external world, looking at G.E Moore's response, among others, to the problem.