Private Universe Project in Mathematics: Workshop 3. Inventing Notations
We learn how to foster and appreciate students notations for their richness and creativity. We also look at some of the possibilities that early work in creating notation systems might open up for students as they move on toward algebra.,15 min. Pizzas in the Classroom In Englewood, New Jersey, Blanche Young, who attended the summer workshop, tries out one of the problems with her fourth-grade students. Later, she meets with Arthur Powell to discuss the lesson. 5 min. New Brunswick, New Jersey
Synthesizing instructional technologies and educational culture: exploring cognition and metacogniti
This research was initiated to examine instructional technologies and educational cultures in relation to identified cognitive and metacognitive strategies uses in school tasks. The project involved activities from the social studies curricula that were presented through two new software programs intended to support the development of problem-solving and reasoning strategies - IDEA [Interactive Decision Envisioning Aid, Pea (76)] Notecards (34) - and through instructional approaches bases upon "
Children's mental models of recursive logo programs
Children who had a year of Logo programming experience were asked to think-aloud about what brief Logo recursive programs will do, and then to predict with a hand-simulation of the programs what the Logo graphics turtle will draw when the program is executed. If discrepancies arose in this last phase, children were asked to explain them. A prevaient but misguided "looping" interpretation of Logo recursion was identified, and this robust mental model persisted even in the face of contradiction be
Supporting Conceptual Awareness with Pedagogical Agents
This paper describes a series of efforts in building and conceptualizing software agents for distributed collaborative learning. The agents are referred to as pedagogical agents. We have integrated pedagogical agents within two collaborative environments, TeamWave Workplace and Future Learning Environment. The role of agents in these environments differs from past work on software agents in their function as extended awareness mechanisms, focusing on task and concept awareness (conceptual a
The Complexity of Distributed Collaborative Learning: Unit of Analysis
The problem area of this paper is manifested in the new conditions that characterise distributed collaborative learning. The core argument is that distributed collaborative learning implies an interconnected complexity that can only be properly understood by extending the unit of analysis from technology and pedagogy themselves to real-life social contexts in which networked computers are being used. Experiments and small-scale field trials are only steps towards a deeper understanding of how co
Elup Editor Conceptual Guide and User Manual
The eLup editor: elearning Quality Process Editor is based on the conceptual model adopted by the E-Quality project (www.e-quality-eu.org). The purpose of the eLup software is to enable the e-learning professional to structure and document the quality approach used in his/her organisation by making use of the approach and findings of the equality project. The eLup software was developed within Montpellier 2 University. The software is a model editor coupled with a database using Java, MySQL and
Selected Papers from the Kaleidoscope Convergence Workshop
To foster synergy between research on collaborative, mobile and inquiry learning and between different scientific and methodological perspectives (namely, educational design, psychology and computer science) and to strengthen the cohesion of the community, the Kaleidoscope network has decided to organise a âConvergence Workshopâ in conjunction with the 2006 Contractors' General Assembly in Amsterdam, Dec. 4-6. The two fields of collaborative and inquiry learning have bee
EnCOrE (Encyclopédie de Chimie Organique Electronique): an Original Way to Represent and Transfer K
EnCOrE is an original proposal which is expected to allow to share and transfer knowledge in organic chemistry. The system will use MIDES a software, with a peer-to-peer architecture, which will allow to set up a technological and methodological frame to allow collaborative building of knowledge in between chemists. Learning GRID's services will help for Experimental electronic laboratory "LabCOrE" as well as for predictive computational tools.
Theoretical Foundations for E-Learning Environments Direct to Virtual Scientific Experiments
In this work we want to put in evidence the necessity to integrate theoretical, methodological and didactical aspects with innovative e-learning systems, in order to hypothesize possible learning models able to facilitate and qualify the e-learning world. Specifically, our aim will be direct to theoretical learning models of Virtual Scientific Experiments to be implemented inside the platforms. Therefore, the result to be achieved comes from the interaction of two different "macro-environments"
Students' activity in computer supported collaborative problem solving in mathematics
The purpose of this study was to analyse secondary school students' (N=16) computer-supported collaborative mathematical problem solving. The problem addressed in the study was: What kinds of metacognitive processes appear during computer-supported collaborative learning in mathematics? Another aim of the study was to consider the applicability of networked learning in mathematics. The network-based learning environment Knowledge Forum (KF) was used to support students' collaborative problem sol
Using and modeling context with ontology in
e-learning: the case of teacher’s personal annotation
This article aims at defining a context ontology of teacher’s personal annotation, in order to use it in a context-aware annotation tool “MemoNote”. Starting from a general definition of the context and its application to teacher’s annotation, we define the uses of active and passive contexts in MemoNote (annotation ontologies selection, annotation memorization, pattern definition and selection). We then develop completely teacher’s annotation context annotation ontology using the clas
Semantic Annotation Tools for Learning Material
This paper aims at providing the specification for semantic annota-tion tools for e-learning. From the specific requirements of annotating learning material, we categorize and evaluate the existing annotation tools, mainly gen-eral purpose ones. We illustrate two research prototypes of annotation tools we developed, and evaluate to what extend the specific requirements of annotating learning material are reached by these research prototypes.
Architecture d’un environnement d’aide à l’apprentissage de la chirurgie orthopédique
Dans cet article, nous présentons le composant didactique et pédagogique d’un EIAH (Environnement Informatique pour l’Apprentissage Humain) pour la chirurgie orthopédique. Nous étudions l’architecture logicielle de ce composant, qui sera ajouté comme couche d’apprentissage sur un outil de simulation de planification d’une trajectoire de vis. Enrichir cet outil permettra à l’apprenant de l’utiliser pour acquérir l’expérience de la prise de décision chirurgicale pour la pl
Knowledge in practice
In traditional Anglo-American philosophy knowledge is understood as a static, linguistic representation of the world. This means that knowledge is understood to be necessarily propositional: Knowledge is ‘knowledge that’. In consequence, the everyday concepts of ‘knowing how’ and ‘knowing what’ (often also referred to as a ‘knowledge of’) exemplified in sentences like “He knows how to drive a car” and “She knows what red looks like”, respectively, are either neglected or
Компютърните игри – новата медия в образованието
Компютърните игри са сред най-популярните забавления не само за младите, а и за хората в по-напреднала възраст. Въпросът, който ние често си задаваме е - дали те са само забавление или могат да ни научат на нещо полезно. За децата такива игри са първия им контакт с компютрите.
How internal and external scripts guide argumentative knowledge construction in a web-based collabor
Collaboration scripts are a powerful means to improve collaborative inquiry learning. More specifically, they can be designed to support argumentative knowledge construction, a core activity in inquiry learning. However, not only externally induced collaboration scripts but also the learners’ internal scripts on collaborative argumentative knowledge construction influence the way they argue with scientific concepts and evidence, thereby affecting what kind of knowledge is acquired during colla
The Virtual Mobius Strip: access to and use of ICTs in higher education
This report is a regional study into the access to and use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in five higher education institutions in the Western Cape, South Africa. The investigation surveyed 6577 students and 515 academic staff. The framework for understanding access is based on a “thick” concept which understands access to four kinds of resource groupings: technological, personal agency, social and content. It considers how access is differentiated for different demogr
A Metadata Based Web Distance Learning Platform
Distance Learning is acquiring a role that becomes more and more important with the huge diffusion of the Internet and related technologies. Consequently, the investigation for adequate architectures and platforms supporting flexible Distance Le arning engines and solution is nowadays of great interests in the Scientific Community. The present paper introduces a platform based on the adoption of Metadata concepts and on the use of a “processorlike” behavior of the Web Course Delivery engine
Towards a semantic learning model fostering learning object reusability
We try in this paper to propose a domain model for both author's and learner's needs concerning learning objects reuse. First of all, we present four key criteria for an efficient authoring tool: adaptive level of granularity, flexibility, integration and interoperability. Secondly, we introduce and describe our six-level Semantic Learning Model (SLM) designed to facilitate multi-level reuse of learning materials and search by defining a multi-layer model for metadata. Finally, after mapping dif
Individual and Social Assessment in a Global Distance Education
In the context of a growing globalization, encouraged, namely by distance education, we are asked to question the values that it conveys to local cultures. The evaluation procedures that we plan in our courses can thus become another mechanism of homogenization. In order to counter these disadvantages and to build distinct but interdependent local societies, I propose an analysis of evaluation as an ideological tool for the pereptuation of competition or for the construction of solidarity. This