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2.2 Standardised products

While Theodore Levitt's (1983) classic article about the globalisation of markets accepted that there are fundamental disparities across different local contexts that have to be accommodated (for example, Japan's auto exporters had to adjust to the fact that the USA and continental Europe, unlike Japan, drive on the right), he argued that there was an underlying uniformity in human tastes. Levitt's vision of the globalisation of markets was that it created opportunities for firms to offer glo
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1.1 They think it's all over

They think it's all over … it is now!

(Kenneth Wolstenholme, 1966)

This is one of those iconic sporting media moments. It happened a long time ago, when Geoff Hurst's third goal in the dying seconds of extra time clinched England's 4–2 win over Germany in the 1966 football World Cup final. People who were not even born, let alone at Wembley or watching the game on television, still reco
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Learning outcomes

After studying this course you should be able to:

  • write whole numbers and decimals in place-value columns and compare their sizes

  • multiply and divide whole numbers and decimals by 10, 100, 1000 and so on

  • indicate given fractions on a diagram and find equivalent fractions for a given fraction

  • mark numbers on a number line

  • choose appropriate units for a given purpose

  • convert between different metric units a
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Learning outcomes

By the end of this unit you should understand:

  • changing constructions of ‘refugees’ and ‘asylum seekers’ over the last century;

  • ways in which the study of refugees and asylum seekers raises profound questions about the basis and legitimacy of claims for ‘citizenship’;

  • how the personal lives of refugees and asylum seekers have been shaped by social policy that constructs them as ‘other’;

  • how refugees and asylum seekers
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3.3.1 Try some yourself

1

  • (a) Divide a £27 000 jackpot prize equally among 9 people in the syndicate.

  • (b) Divide a £27 000 jackpot prize equally among 900 people in the syndicate.


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6.7 Benefits of living in a smart home

I can think of a number of possible benefits – apart from the obvious one about relieving me of the tedium of performing a lot of routine tasks. The first one I thought about was the potential saving in energy the technology could bring – for instance by switching off devices (TV, radio, hifi, heaters, lights) when there's no one there to use them.

The second advantage I thought about was the potential for independence that smart home technology could provide for the elderly or infi
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1.4.2 Struggles over the SGP

The real political struggles emerged at the end of 2003 when France and Germany were called to account by the Commission for overtly breaking the 3 per cent deficit rule. The background to this dispute can be seen in the data presented in Table 3. Clearly, although the EU-15 as a whole were ke
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3.6 Additional practice

Here is a mixed bag of exercises, in case you feel that you need more practice. Do the exercises which you feel will help you.


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4.5 Byelaws

Byelaws can be made by local authorities and certain other public corporations and companies concerning issues within the scope of their geographic or other areas of responsibility. So, a County Council can make byelaws affecting the whole county, whilst a District or Town Council can only make byelaws for the district or town. Byelaws are usually created when there is no general legislation that deals with an issue that concerns people in a local area. If a council wishes to make a byelaw it
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3.3 How others see us

The relative nature of poverty is an old theme in social science. Adam Smith, the eighteenth century writer who is often regarded as the founding father of economics, put it this way: ‘By necessaries I understand not only the commodities that are indispensably necessary for the support of life, but whatever the custom of the country renders it indecent for creditable people, even the lowest orders, to be without’ (Smith, 1776, quoted in Sen, 1981).

Ideas of what it is to be poor are
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5.5.1 Drawing the interview to a close

Up to now we have been considering how to control and conduct the main body of an interview. There remains, however, the need to draw it to a satisfactory close. You should remember that, while you are trying to select the best candidate, the candidates are also ‘selecting’ you. You need to remember that you as an interviewer are being assessed and selected, and you need to ensure your presentational and interpersonal skills are up to the job.

When you are satisfied that you
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Vocabulary (Vocabulaire) for Items in the Home, Part 1
A frog (who has teeth!) says phrases for items around the house. In this video, each word is said only once. However, a new French-language learner should hear each phrase twice and more slowly. The English translation should be given, in case a younger learner does not recognize the item in the images provided for reference.
Smaller image next to the frog is small, so the viewer may want to open the video to 'full screen'.

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References

Hartley, T.C. (1998) The Foundations of European Community Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, pp. 11–13.
Tempest, M. (2004) ‘EU leaders sign constitution’, Guardian, 29 October.
Wright, G. and Jeffrey, S. (2004) ‘Q&A: the European constitution’, Guardian, 26 March.

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3.3 Managing conflict

Conflict can emerge when a project is thought to be absorbing scarce resources or shifting the balance of power.

The schedule for project meetings provides a framework for communication while the project is in progress. Meetings with team members on a one-to-one basis, in addition to group meetings, will help them to feel supported and could be an opportunity to provide coaching when necessary.


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1 Unit overview

In this unit we'll be concerned with what type of science forms the basis of science education, and for what purpose. You'll explore these issues by reading the text that follows and by tackling the activities that are included; there are also a number of readings. In the latter part of this unit (Sections 10–14) we'll consider some of the practical problems involved in delivering an effective curriculum in science and look at key questions relevant to all three educational tiers –
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Basic Math: Lesson 6 - Video Clip 5 - Other Fractional Expressions
Instructor uses video and lecture to demonstrate that a decimal fraction is any fraction in which the denominator is a power of 10.
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5 Conclusion

As we have seen, pensions are both inherently personal and political. Pensions and other social policies are heavily implicated in shaping the way older people experience their personal lives, and the way in which these personal lives have become constructed as ‘other’. Providing a means by which older lives could be ‘divided up’ and divided out of the domain of paid employment, and reconstituted through the arena of public and private welfare, this process is also informed by differe
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2.1 The response of business

For most of human history, our influence on the planet has been small (i.e. sustainable). The waste produced by our presence has traditionally been dealt with by a process of dilution; burying things, or perhaps dumping them in the ocean, was a viable proposition because we were few and the land and the oceans were vast. Mankind was a minor perturbation on the planetary ecosystem. But with change as the ever-present factor, we grew in both numbers and influence.

In the last century, the
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Acknowledgements

This course is from our archive and is an adapted extract from M120 Open mathematics which is no longer taught by The Open University.

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated in the acknowledgements section, this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence.

Al
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Computational biology of cancer
By: nsf Endometrial cancer affects 48,000 women per year in the United States. For patients with tumors greater than two centimeters in diameter, the effected organ(s) and lymph nodes may be surgically removed. Yet post-surgery analysis shows that only 22 percent of patients had metastasis, meaning 78 percent of these surgeries may have been unnecessary. How can doctors predict which patients need surgery? Mathukumalli Vidyasagar discusses how new computational algorithms from National Science
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