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5 Conclusion

As we have seen, pensions are both inherently personal and political. Pensions and other social policies are heavily implicated in shaping the way older people experience their personal lives, and the way in which these personal lives have become constructed as ‘other’. Providing a means by which older lives could be ‘divided up’ and divided out of the domain of paid employment, and reconstituted through the arena of public and private welfare, this process is also informed by differe
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2.1 The response of business

For most of human history, our influence on the planet has been small (i.e. sustainable). The waste produced by our presence has traditionally been dealt with by a process of dilution; burying things, or perhaps dumping them in the ocean, was a viable proposition because we were few and the land and the oceans were vast. Mankind was a minor perturbation on the planetary ecosystem. But with change as the ever-present factor, we grew in both numbers and influence.

In the last century, the
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Acknowledgements

This course is from our archive and is an adapted extract from M120 Open mathematics which is no longer taught by The Open University.

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated in the acknowledgements section, this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence.

Al
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Computational biology of cancer
By: nsf Endometrial cancer affects 48,000 women per year in the United States. For patients with tumors greater than two centimeters in diameter, the effected organ(s) and lymph nodes may be surgically removed. Yet post-surgery analysis shows that only 22 percent of patients had metastasis, meaning 78 percent of these surgeries may have been unnecessary. How can doctors predict which patients need surgery? Mathukumalli Vidyasagar discusses how new computational algorithms from National Science
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3.6 Scattering in three dimensions

Sophisticated methods have been developed to analyse scattering in three-dimensions. The complexity of these methods makes them unsuitable for inclusion in this unit but it is appropriate to say something about the basic quantities involved.

In three dimensions, we are obliged to think in terms of scattering at a given angle, rather than in terms of one-dimensional reflection or transmission. We distinguish between the incident particles (some of which may be unaffected by the target) a
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Introduction

The material presented here raises general themes of order and disorder, the way they are represented or signified, and the place of crime in these representations. The material is based upon an audio file, originally 29 minutes in length, and examines the problem of crime in relation to the city of Glasgow. It was recorded in 1999.

This material is from our archive and is an adapted extract from Crime, order and social control (D315) which is no longer taught by The Open Univers
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1.7.3 Framing an appropriate and useful research question

At the heart of any research is the research question. The quality of output hinges on the quality of the question: why it is asked, how it is asked, how it relates to other questions and knowledge, and what might constitute an answer. Hence, one key skill is demonstration of the ability to develop a well-formulated question. The examiner will be looking for evidence of:

  • articulation of the motivation and significance of the question


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Introduction

This unit looks at various aspects of shape and space. It uses a lot of mathematical vocabulary, so you should make sure that you are clear about the precise meaning of words such as circumference, parallel, similar and cross-section. You may find it helpful to note down the meaning of each new word, perhaps illustrating it with a diagram.

This module contains some interactive geometry activities which use the Java based software, Geogebra. You will need to install Java on your computer
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1.5.2 Ways of organising yourself

How do you organise yourself?

Activity

Make a note of how you organise your:

  • emails

  • internet bookmarks or favorites

  • computer files

  • your h
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6.2 Dual labour market theory

According to this theory, the labour market is composed of self-contained sub-markets or segments. Segmentation economists argue that ignoring the different identities of these segments and the constraints they place on the workers makes it impossible to understand the nature of labour market disadvantage. Basically, the dual approach hypothesises that a dichotomy has developed over time between a high-wage primary segment and a low-wage secondary segment. Working conditions in the primary se
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2.6 Making sense of symbols

Mathematical symbols are a shorthand way of writing words or phrases that crop up often in mathematical writing.


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4.2 Personal self-evaluation

You could also carry out a personal self-evaluation, to contribute to your own development as a project manager. You can develop a list of questions to evaluate your own performance:

  • Were the project objectives achieved?

  • Did the project stay within budget?

  • How were problems that occurred during the project been resolved?

  • What could you have done differently to improve the final result?

  • <
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6.4 Scenarios

The purpose of a use case is to meet the goal of its associated actor(s), such as a guest making a reservation with a hotel. This implies that a use case should include everything that must be done to meet that goal. For example, if it is necessary to check the availability of rooms in the hotel for the desired length of stay before accepting a reservation, then we expect the use case to contain that check. In general, a use case contains a narrative about the flow of events that specifies a
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4.5.2 n-fold toruses

We can use a similar technique to find the Euler characteristic of a 2-fold torus. If we cut the surface into two, as shown in Figure 95, and separate the pieces, we obtain two copies of a 1-fold torus with 1 hole, each with Euler characteristic −1.

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5.2 Lighter living costs and constraints

The costs of ‘light living’ actions need, of course, also to be considered. Some actions involve no cost or save money, for example, less flying, shopping or meat eating, or can even make money, such as letting out a spare room to increase household occupancy. Others are low cost with a rapid payback time; for example, replacing an incandescent light bulb with a low-energy compact fluorescent lamp (CFL) should pay back the new lamp's cost in lower electricity bills in about
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Numbers: An introduction to subtraction
Do you want to improve your ability to subtract one number from another, especially if decimals are involved, without having to rely on a calculator? This unit will help you get to grips with subtraction and give you some practice in doing it. First published on Tue, 23 Mar 2010 as Author(s): Creator not set

1.8.11 A mathematician’s journey: using the model for planning

By drawing a distance-time graph, Alice has predicted that she and Bob will pass on the stretch of road between Newcastle and Nottingham. Using the OU’s computer system, she sends an email message to Bob suggesting that they meet at a roadside restaurant about 275 km north of Milton Keynes (for Bob this will be 510 − 275 = 235km south of Edinburgh). Bob acknowledges her email and the meeting is set up.

Alice guesses they will probably stop for about 30 minutes. But what effect will
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Acknowledgements

The content acknowledged below is Proprietary (see terms and conditions) and is used under licence.

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this unit:

Figures

Figure
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2.2 Using specific or general questions

Notice the difference between closed questions and open questions.

Closed questions

These questions are very specific and the answers give precise information.

  • Are there sites available?

  • Yes.

  • Has it got air conditioning?

  • No.

  • Where is Preston?

  • In the north-west of England.

  • What's the population?

  • 128
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3.2 Looking at the family

Activity 3

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