2 Comparison of flexibility in the national curricula in England, Wales and Scotland

In order to compare the two curricula we need to consider the issue of flexibility. The flexibility of interpretation of literacy frameworks and guidelines by teachers, schools and local education authorities appears to us to be the clearest identifiable difference between these literacy curricula.

Adams has compared the process of development of national curriculum guidance across the UK:

The 5–14 Programm
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Talking and listening

The emphasis on talking and listening in English Language 5–14 was greeted with genuine surprise in schools, despite policy documents since 1965 advocating the importance of planned contexts for talk and of accepting and developing the language children bring to school. Improved standards in talking and listening, measured by AAP surveys and a selection of HMI school reports, came when teachers corrected the mismatch between their practice and the balance required by the Guidelines.<
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Reading and writing

Currently, over 97 per cent of primary schools use a commercial reading scheme and most have programmes for teaching phonics. Beginning readers commonly take words and reading books home to practise. Many schools use class and group novel studies to extend, or in the upper primary stages, to replace the reading scheme. Schools also supplement reading schemes with a variety of reading activities structured around the 5–14 strands.

Reading schemes are used in attainment groups, but whol
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Forms of Authority: Reference Books, Museum, Libraries from the course History of Information
This course explores the history of information and associated technologies, uncovering why we think of ours as 'the information age.' We will select moments in the evolution of production, recording, and storage from the earliest writing systems to the world of Short Message Service (SMS) and blogs. In every instance, we'll be concerned with both what and when and how and why, and we will keep returning to the question of technological determinism: how do technological developments affect socie
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Chromatography
An introductory site about chromatography that does not go into great depth. However, the simulation of paper chromatography is worth exploring with students as it illustrates that the separation of compounds relies on the difference in the solutes affinities for the mobile phase relative to the stationary phase. Because of its apparent simplicity, this simulation has significant pedagogical potential and could be used in a variety of ways in class to explore the factors governing chromatograp
Author(s): Dan Damelin

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Copyright 2003 Dan Damelin

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CIDMEF Libreville 2011 – une université numérique francophone en pharmacie.

Titre : CIDMEF Libreville 2011 – une université numérique francophone en pharmacie. Pour qui, pourquoi, comment ?
Intervenant (s) : Françoise GALLAND (Angers – France)
Résumé : Les universités thématiques régionales et nationales. Stratégie de l’élaboration d’une université numérique. Mutualisation des ressources.
L’auteur n’a pas transmis de conflit d’intérêt concernant les données diffusées dans cette vidéo ou publiées dans la référ
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Internet and Information Literacy from the course History of Information
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