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The Science of Human Action
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Orphaned gorillas returned to DRC
July 25 - Rwandan government officials return six orphaned baby gorillas to the DRC after various foiled poaching attempts by Rwandan and Congolese smugglers. Nick Rowlands reports.
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World's longest table seats 550 diners
July 25 - Singapore builds the world's longest table in an attempt to enter the Guinness Book of World Records. Tara Cleary reports.
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Wall St nervous about debt deadline
July 25 - New Yorkers heading into work in the financial district expressed concern about Washington's debt negotiation impasse, but some remained confident a deal will ultimately get done without much damage to Wall Street sentiment. Conway G. Gittens reports.
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Taiwanese get upside-down perspective
July 25 - Hundreds gather in Taiwan to perform simultaneous handstands to encourage people to actualize their dreams. Tara Cleary reports.
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ISS Update - July 25, 2011
The International Space Station video update for July 25, 2011.
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Fast Windows File Search
Fast Windows File Search - Looking for a faster way to search for your files? On Tekzilla Daily, Veronica introduces you to Everything, which gives you a fast and easy way to find what you're looking for. (01:25)
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How to Find Files in Windows
How to Find Files in Windows - We all have the best of intentions for keeping our important files organized. It never quite seems to work out that way though. We'll look at how to find a file using the built-in search function of Windows in just a few steps. (02:35)
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Contraction Rap
Mrs. Mourer's first grade class performs a rap about contractions.  This video contains examples. (1:20)
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Ten Fastest Land Animals
This short video shows the fastest land animals and how fast they run. This would be a good project for science, math, or art class. (01:23)
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Bruce Lavine on Building a Sustainable Employee Enterprise
Bruce Lavine (MBA '92) President and COO Wisdom Tree Investments
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Bruce McDonald on Moving Innovative Ideas into Practice
Bruce McDonald (MBA '87) Managing Director Houlihan, Lokey, Howard & Zukin, Inc.
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Onion Skin of Un-named Martian Crater
Onion skin of Martian crater
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Rights not set

Swiss Replica Watches - Do They Exist In Dreams Only?
Steve Rohn

Some Rights Reserved

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Systems dynamics

In the 1950s, Jay Forrester, a systems engineer at MIT, was commissioned by the US company Sprague Electric to study the extreme oscillations of their sales and establish a means to correct them. From previous experience, Forrester knew the essence of the problem stemmed from the oscillations present in situations that contain inertia effects, or delays and reverse effects, or feedback loops as basic structural characteristics.

Subsequently, in 1961, Forrester published his report on in
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Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence - see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ - Original copyright The Open University

5.2 What are systems approaches?

An approach is a way of going about taking action in a ‘real world’ situation, as depicted in Figure 20. As I have outlined earlier, an observer has choices that can be made for coping with complexity. Here I am assuming that because this unit is about systems approaches, a choice has already been made to approach the world systemically using systems thinking.

Other choices of approach could be made. Think
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Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence - see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ - Original copyright The Open University

2.4 Appreciating epistemological issues

Common sense tells me my experience and understanding of the world are limited. I am 173 cm in height. That limits my view of the world. It may not matter much that I cannot see what my house looks like from above but it does mean there will be things going on in the roof I may not notice until they impinge on areas that I can experience.

More significantly, there is a real limitation on understanding the experiences of other people. You might tell me about your experience but your desc
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2.3 Taking responsibility for your own learning

Not much of this unit conforms to the traditional pattern I mentioned earlier – the theory-example-exercise pattern. In particular, you will find you are expected to discover much of it for yourself. Why is this? This is a legitimate question and deserves a full answer. One year, a student at a residential summer school complained I had not taught him properly. I was, he told me, an expert and so why did I not demonstrate how to tackle the problem he was working on and pass my expertise on
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2.2 The nature of systems thinking and systems practice

There are no simple definitions for either systems thinking or systems practice. It's difficult to find definitions that capture all the perspectives that the ideas carry for people who think of themselves as systems thinkers and systems practitioners. Most systems practitioners seem to experience the same kind of difficulty in explaining what they do or what it means to be systemic in their thinking. Through experience I've developed some criteria by which I characterise systems thinking, bu
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Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence - see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ - Original copyright The Open University

1 Overview of the unit

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