Designing is Information and Emotion
It could be stated that designing is a procedure of working out the problems. The point of that procedure is to transform the input data (information about what is demanded) into the system documentation (thing) accomplishing the task. While designing we would like to reach our goal in a certain (reliable) way.
Computing for the Blind User
In this article the authors present some of the human-factors issues specific to non visual personal computing. The authors' concern is with the accuracy, speed, and generality of the blind-user interface, to make computers more accessible and efficient for blind and visually impaired persons
Linguistic Operation System for Design of Architectural Form
In a process of architectural design, an architect not only draws by himself/herself but also lets another person modify a design by given a linguistic instruction expressing how the design ought to be. In the case of utilization of CAD systems, it is useful if the system modifies the design according to the linguistic instruction. On the other hand, because of the recent increase of the opportunities of designing a building whose roof has complicated curved surface, it extremely takes labor to
An optimization method of the facility location by genetic algorithm
In planning of community-facilities, it is important to decide the facility location to provide the effective service for residents. The behavior of residents using the facility and the evaluation methods of the location have been studied. But, finding the optimum location is very hard in actual planning because the volume of calculation depends on the number of feasible locating points of facilities. To conquer the difficulty of searching the optimum location, we propose an optimization method
The Nagual Experiment
This paper refers to an experiment about the use of artificial life structures in order to simulate/evocate natural or artificial patterns. These patterns are the effect of the self-organisation of a population of individuals during their process of development and growth. Although the local dynamics and interactions have a chaotic (partially random) behaviour, the global dynamics of the population produces interesting and well structured patterns. The graphic images generated with these procedu
The Pattern That Connects
While patterns have a spotty history in architecture, their definitions and uses in other fields offer new possibilities for design. This paper examines those definitions and uses?including theories put forward by architectural theorist, Christopher Alexander; art educator, Gyorgy Kepes; chemist, Ilya Prigogine; and anthropologist, Gregory Bateson. Of particular interest is the shift from eternal, essential, universal, and fundamental patterns to fleeting, superficial, specific, and incidental v
Defining Architecture: Defining Information
The rapid onset of information technologies has changed ways we do things and how we view the world. Computation already pervades many aspects of daily life through subtle augmentations and by changing our tools and our professions. Moreover, information technology accelerates the pace of our activities, its speed outstripping our capacity to digest its product. The changes brought on by this deluge force its chroniclers to create new terms. Neologisms spring up daily, often only adding to the c
How To Make A Digi-Brick
This project examines a non-traditional method of construction generated through a digital design process that leverages digital fabrication techniques related to masonry construction. Where as architects? use of computers first affected shape and structure, it is now additionally affecting material, construction, and craft. This design proposal explores these concepts through the production of a wall using simple configuration and reconfiguration of a repeated module adaptable to differing and
Researching Descriptive Models of Design
This special double issue is a result of the international symposium and workshop on ?Descriptive Models of Design? wich was held during July 1-5, 1996, at Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey. The primary goal of the symposium was to promote greater understanding and to develop recommendations for funding policy and practices in the area of descriptive models of design.
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Robotics in Space Exploration
As eager as he is to invent robots that can travel to a moon of Saturn or Jupiter, and function autonomously in these hostile environments, Rodney Brooks would love a shot to explore space himself. “I made an offer to Jeff Bezos, Larry Page and Sergei Brin that if they would fund a one-way mission to Mars, I’d go on it,”
History of Boston Transportation
Fred Salvucci ponders the role of contingency in history, and in the evolution of Boston and its transportation system. He starts from the time the glaciers pulled back from Boston, leaving a soggy near-island and a river for the first white settlers to contend with. “The reason the city is here because
Recent History of Boston Transportation
Frederick Salvucci’s perspective on transportation development is an amalgam of civil engineering, history, economics, policy, and not least, the direct impact on people’s lives. Here he surveys the evolution of transportation in Boston and beyond from the 1830s to the present.
Salvucci covers si
Looking Ahead to 2020
Real-world practitioners of systems engineering/engineering systems describe how the young discipline has shaped their very large enterprises.
For the past 10 years, David Lehman has been incorporating key systems engineering ideas within MITRE Corporation. Successes include getting project leaders to think
The Next Giant Leaps in Energy, Environment, & Air Transportation
It’s no exaggeration to say John Holdren’s job involves tackling the most critical issues of our age: economic recovery and growth, health care, energy, climate change, global pandemics, national security, ecosystem preservation…the list goes on. As President Obama’s science and technology advisor, Holdren lev
Contemplative Dimensions of Human Experience
In a mind-stretching talk covering the history of the planet, development of higher-order consciousness, and East-West religious practices, Trappist monk Thomas Keating claims that humanity is poised to take its next evolutionary step, to the “furthest levels of human understanding.”
4.3 Cartesian Dualism
Part 4.3. Introduces Descartes' idea of dualism, that there is a separation between the mind and the body, as well as some of the philosophical issues surrounding this idea.
Michelangelo: A Life on Paper
In this lecture recorded as a part of the University of Oxford History of Art Department's Research Seminar series, Professor Leonard Barkan (Princeton University) discusses the theme "Michelangelo: A Life on Paper". Recording date - 4th November 2010
The human cost of slashing public spending
Academics from Cambridge Judge Business School have raised doubts about whether the size and speed of George Osborne's cuts will dampen the country's economic recovery and whether volunteers under the banner of working in a 'Big Society' can really take on jobs previously performed by public sector workers. Boni Sones OBE reports.
4.4 Hormonal control of sperm production
This unit looks at the human being in the context of an individual life cycle, examining some of the processes that contribute to the formation of a new person. After a brief discussion of historical ideas about human conception, and about contraception to the present day, we look at the cells involved in the conception and development of a new individual. Gamete production (that is, production of mature cells able to unite with another in sexual reproduction) in both men and women is introduced