WHO model formulary for children
Published in June 2010 by the World Health Organization (WHO) the WHO Model Formulary for Children provides guidance on how to use more than 240 essential medicines for treating illness and disease in children from 0 to 12 years of age. This 528 page document has 29 sections covering topics such as anaesthetics and analgesia, antiallergics, cardiovascular medicines, anti-infective medicines, diuretics, diagnostic agents, hormones, endocrine medicines, contraceptives, blood products, plasma s
Pervasive and Personal Learning Environments
This position paper provides some elements about the convergence of institutional and personal learning environments based on Web 2.0 as well as pervasive learning.
Researching Mobile Learning: Frameworks, Tools and Research Designs
This edited collection sets out the issues and requirements for mobile learning research, and presents recent efforts to specify appropriate theoretical frameworks, methods and tools. Through their accounts of projects, leading researchers present their experiences and approaches to key aspects of mobile learning research such as data capture and analysis, and offer structured guidance and suggestions on adopting and extending these approaches.
Special Session OER: Integrating OER and Instructional Design Towards a more holistic view
Instructional Design (ID) has been introduced as a fundamental approach to design learning environments with a strong focus on media usage. In this regard, recent transformations in the realm of ICT have gained an increasing influence on learning and teaching practices, thus challenging conventional methods. Advocators of sophisticated web-based tools such as Weblogs, Wikis, or e-portfolios which are at the heart of the Open Educational Resources (OER) movement proclaim a new dimension of le
Student Modelling based on Belief Networks
Belief networks provide an important way to represent and reason about uncertainty significant factors for modelling students. These networks provide a way of structuring such models, and allow a system to use a systematic approach when gathering information about the scope of the students knowledge. This work also provides a theoretically-sound way to update the student model, based on the concept of a dynamic belief network. The relationship to related research is discussed. Finally, the
A device helping learners to self-assess themselves
In this paper, we introduce the architecture of an environment, which aims at helping learners in their self-assessment process. We show how we integrated three systems to build an experimental device based on this architecture. We then present the experiment we conducted to show the utility of this device and also to validate our hypothesis that it is easier for learners to self-assess themselves from an exercises-point of view than from a knowledge-point of view.
Sustaining Interaction in a Mathematical Community of Practice
This paper focuses on an activity in which students explore sequences through a game, using ToonTalk programming and a web-based collaboration system. Our analytical framework combines theory of communities of practice with domain epistemology. We note three factors which influence the length and quality of interactions: facilitation, reciprocation and audience-awareness.
Computer Assisted Assessment in Elementary Algebra
Experiences and points of view from the APLUSIX project about Computer Assisted Assessment in Elementary Algebra,reviewed article for online journal
Role of Assistance in Computer-mediated Communication in Higher Education
This paper reports preliminary findings of a small scale study that address the role of assistance in computer-mediated communication (CMC) in Higher Education. In particular, this study investigates whether the type of assistance in such environments is affected by the type of task used to initiate the CMC, and to see whether the instructors and students offer more or less assistance according to task type. We examine courses which use CMC in the adjunct mode i.e. students used CMC as an option
Vers une approche déclarative pour les logiciels de dessins géométriques
Cet article est consacré à la conception d'un environnement d'apprentissage de la géométrie orienté vers la manipulation directe de figures géométriques. À travers deux exemples d'activités, proposées en classe, on distingue les notions de construction géométriques, de spécification, et de manipulation directe. Dans le cadre ainsi défini, nous présentons notre approche. Elle consiste à intégrer des mécanismes et la méthodologie de l'intelligence artificielle dans un logic
Avaliação e evolução de um ambiente de suporte à aprendizagem de programação
O ensino da programação através dos métodos tradicionais, onde a leccionação de conceitos dinâmicos é realizada utilizando principalmente materiais de índole estática, não se tem revelado muito eficaz. Neste documento é apresentado um ambiente, o SICAS, que de forma dinâmica, interactiva e apelativa permite a construção e simulação de algoritmos. De forma a medir a eficácia do ambiente desenvolvido e a procurar formas de o melhorar foram realizadas experiências. As sugestões
Rethinking virtual space as a place for socialisation: Theory and design implications
In this article, we offer theoretical reflections on the notion of place in which learners supposedly develop and evolve a structure of social interactions in networked learning environments. We claim that a general concern is to develop more social artefacts that may help learners organise the virtual place in a way that is meaningful to them and helps foster their social presence. Drawing from symbolic interactionism we examine the ways in which individuals interact with their environment, and
Collage, a Collaborative Learning Design Editor Based on Patterns Special Issue on Learning Design
This paper introduces Collage, a high-level IMS-LD compliant authoring tool that is specialized for CSCL (Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning). Nowadays CSCL is a key trend in e-learning since it highlights the importance of social interactions as an essential element of learning. CSCL is an interdisciplinary domain, which demands participatory design techniques that allow teachers to get directly involved in design activities. Developing CSCL designs using LD is a difficult task for teach
Plan of the Grand Central Hotel
Pre 1913 plan showing the Grand Central Hotel and Santorium Co. Ltd. on St. Paul Street, St. Catharines, Ont.
Collection of photographs from source to the River Sow
AMA Apologizes To Blacks For Past Racial Inequality
Transplant surgeon Clive Callender has hurtful memories of being the only black doctor at medical meetings in the 1970s, met with stark silence when he pleaded for better access to transplant organs for blacks. So when the American Medical Association formally apologized Thursday for more than a century of policies that excluded blacks from a group long considered the voice of American doctors, it was belated, but still welcome.
Lecture 21 - 11/10/2010
Cream Bead Necklace
Necklace; cream and off-white beads of varying size intermingling with metal ribbed beads and flattened discs. - from the The Betty Smithers Design Collection at Staffordshire University.
Cream Check Skirt
Cream skirt with black and beige check. Multi-coloured band at hem. - from the The Betty Smithers Design Collection at Staffordshire University.