Mémoire de formation et apprentissage
De nombreux documents et plus généralement de nombreuses ressources peuvent être mis à la disposition des apprenants dans le cadre d'une formation à distance. Il est cependant souvent difficile d'identifier les ressources pertinentes et de les organiser dans des ensembles cohérents. Une première manière de répondre à ce problème est de constituer des banques de ressources ou encore des « repositories » d'objets pédagogiques. La réutilisation de ces ressources pour mettre en place
Author(s): Lenne Dominique,Abel Marie-Hélène,Moulin Claude,

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Formalisation d'annotations produites par des apprenants
L'objet de cet article est la description d'une formalisation computable des annotations produites par des apprenants, représentée par une ontologie. Cette formalisation explicite la sémantique des annotations grâce à des attributs auxquels le lecteur devrait donner une valeur. Elle contient également les valeurs possibles de ces attributs. L'intérêt d'une telle formalisation est de couvrir toutes les annotations produites par des apprenants, et d'expliciter tout ce qui constitue leur se
Author(s): Mille Dominique

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Natural Editing of Algebraic Expressions
We call “natural editing of algebraic expressions” the editing of algebraic expressions in their natural representation, the one that is used on paper and blackboard. This is an issue we have investigated in the Aplusix project, a project which develops a system aiming at helping students to learn algebra. The paper summarises first the Aplusix project. Second it presents a notion of algebraic expressions, of representations of algebraic expressions. The last section develops ideas about natur
Author(s): Nicaud Jean-François

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Learning and teaching with educational technologies.
This chapter considers what we have learned about learning and teaching with educational technologies over the past several decades. While there are compelling data and arguments on the positive effects of these tools, there are also well-documented difficulties with implementing such innovations. The social contexts of the uses of technology are crucial to understanding how technology may influence teaching and learning. The classroom influences, in particular the teacher, are seminal. Much mor
Author(s): Pea Roy D.

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Reactive Learning Objects for Distributed e-Learning Environments
We present a concept of reactive learning objects that goes away from the hydraulic view of e-learning and gives to students activity a central place. First experimentations suggest that this concept should be enlarged to include distributed computation, distributed storage and Web services.
Author(s): Duval Patrick,Merceron Agathe,Scholl Michel

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A Virtual Organisation for e-Learning
We present in this paper the results of an European funded project Diogene, finished in October 2004, whose aim has been the design and the development of a distributed e-learning system able to perform several automatic actions such as course customization and information retrieval on the Semantic Web. The Diogene architecture is based on a network of specialized Organizations each of which has been realized as an independent Web Service.
Author(s): Capuano Nicola,Carrolaggi Pierre,Fabio Crestani Je

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A Grid Approach to Provide Effective Awareness to On-line Collaborative Learning Teams
Providing collaborative learning applications the possibility to offer continuous awareness to on-line collaborative learning teams is a challenging issue since it is essential to keep participants informed of both what is happening and what happened in the learning group. Moreover, awareness is the basis to enhance collaboration and improve the individual and group performance since it allows to track and assess the collaborative learning process more objectively and to model students' behavio
Author(s): Caballé Santi,Daradoumis Thanasis,Paniagua Claudi

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The Semantic Aspects of e-Learning: Using the Knowledge Life Cycle to Manage Semantics for Grid and
The aim of bringing semantics to learning content and services is to enable large scale collaboration of e-learning activities over the Grid infrastructure. As machines and software applications will be ubiquitously involved in enabling and facilitating this collaboration, it requires a common understanding of the domain, in particular at the conceptual level, so that both computers and human participants of the e-learning activities understand and are able to communicate among themselves thoug
Author(s): Tao Feng (Barry),Davis Hugh Charles,Millard David

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Computational GRIDs and online laboratories
Many projects addressing the creation of online laboratories have been developed recently. They have a common goal: to enable students and professional learners to get hands-on experience without moving from the places where they are. Nevertheless, the found solutions are often very different among them, and interoperability between different online laboratories systems does not exist. In this paper we present our work around the exploitation of Grid technologies for sharing instrumentation and
Author(s): Bagnasco Andrea,Poggi Arianna,Scapolla Anna Marina

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Practices of distributed intelligence and designs for education
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Author(s): Pea Roy D.

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GRID Technologies => 'Education' = 'Distance Education'
This paper discusses the new possibilities that Grid technologies create in education, presents current learning paradigms and makes a prediction about the way in which Grid technologies may affect the future of education. The case of the Hellenic Open University (HOU) is presented and the current educational technologies and tools used are illustrated. The paper also presents a scenario for the utilization of Grid technologies at HOU and discusses the challenges that such infrastructure create
Author(s): Xenos Michalis,Vassiliadis Bill,Skodras Athanassio

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A bootstrapping scenario for elicitating CSCL services within a GRID virtual community
Amongst the various eLearning techniques, Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) is of growing interest within the academic world. However, during the first phase of the EleGI project, a noticable fact has been the difficulty to match the user needs with the potentiality of the GRID services. Thus, through a fictive scenario, this article proposes to walk the path between the idea of creating a new virtual community and the realisation of this objective. This scenario takes the situat
Author(s): Dugénie Pascal,Lemoisson Philippe

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Learning Objects 3 and Instructional Design
Learning Objects and Instructional Design is focused upon the art and the science of producing learning objects that meet educational standards and needs as well as technological and functional criteria. Written by educators from across the globe, the book emphasizes two critical, strategic factors: 1) form follows function, and 2) learning objects must address the needs and desires of learners within their learning or educational context. The book integrates issues such as multimedia for instru
Author(s): Koohang Alex,Harman Keith

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Studying Changes in Learning Environments BroughtAbout by ICT-Based Systems
Aim of our work is to briefly introduce the main aspects of a methodology for the analysis of individuals and environmental changes brought about by the introduction of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in learning environments. The theoretical framework underpinning our work is that of Activity Theory. More specifically, we draw on the Cole and Engeström modelling of the complex relationships between elements in an activity. We have worked out our contribution on the basis of th
Author(s): Bottino Rosa Maria,Chiappini Giampaolo

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Mobile Notes: Mobile Devices in Creative Discussions
The trendy notion of “mobile learning” has different connotations: On the one hand, it can be understood as “learning on the move” – often referred to as “learning any time anywhere”. Of course this interpretation relies on specific kinds of technological enabling, but the definition aims at the general setting of learning activities. Particularly, it includes informal learning settings (cf. [1]). A second interpretation sees mobile learning somewhat more pragmatically as learning
Author(s): Bollen Lars,Juarez Guillermo,Hoppe Ulrich

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Lessons Learnt from CSCL to Enrich E-Learning
Computer Supported Collaborative learning (CSCL) is nowadays well mature and it is able to set guide-lines to enrich e-learning. On its side, e-learning does not fully exploit its potentialities yet. Suggestions from CSCL could be useful to empower the presence on the e-learning on the market and would foster a vision of learning as not a simple further "commercial product". The European Commission funded many projects involving several countries, numerous students, teachers and researchers, a
Author(s): Ligorio Maria Beatrice,Cordeschi Roberto

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Designing Assessment Tools in a Service Oriented Architecture
Assessment is an important component of formal learning, and Computer Assisted Assessment (CAA) is a well established component of most online learning. However, technical issues such as interoperability and security, and pedagogic reservations as to its effectiveness still remain barriers to the uptake of CAA. In this paper we examine a number of current assessment projects, predominantly emanating from the UK, to consider how a service oriented architecture can facilitate the implementation o
Author(s): Davies Will M.,Davis Hugh Charles

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The use case specification of actions in the goal oriented knowledge based learning environment
The proposed goal oriented knowledge acquisition and assessment are based on the flexible educational model and allows to implement an adaptive control of the enhanced learning process according to the requirements of student's knowledge level, his state of cognition and subject learning history. The enhanced learner knowledge model specifies how the cognition state of the user will be achieved step by step. The use case actions definition is a starting point of the specification that depends o
Author(s): Baniulis Kazys,Tamulynas Bronius

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Prise en compte du contexte algébrique dans la modélisation des connaissances d’un élève. Le c
Nous nous intéressons à la modélisation des connaissances des élèves dans le domaine de l’algèbre. Notre travail utilise les traces des actions des élèves recueillies dans l’environnement informatique Aplusix. Pour capturer une connaissance, il est essentiel de tenir compte de la persistance et de la stabilité d’une action que ce soit dans la durée ou dans la situation. Cependant, deux actions peuvent paraître, de prime abord, contradictoires. Associées au contexte dans lequel
Author(s): Croset Marie-Caroline

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Distance learning meets Open Source
Most of the current German concepts for distance learning are still based on written study material with complementary face-to-face sessions. Modern e-learning tools are not as frequently in use as one might think or as it is often demanded. This article focuses on the obstacles that occur in the daily work with e-learning tools and which hinder the further spreading of e-learning on college level. One of the main problems is that study material as well as concepts have to be transformed in a w
Author(s): Behm Wolfram

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