Desegregation Mandate: Jefferson County, AL
A 1967 federal court order resulted in this document, which mandated school desegregation in Birmingham.
Segregated Schooling in Alabama
This scrapbook documents conditions in Birmingham's segregated schools in 1963, as well as white resistance to integration.
Bus to the Burbs
This video excerpt from La Plaza: "Bus to the Burbs" looks at METCO, a voluntary busing program in Boston.
The Power of Self-Portraits
Exploration of the topic of self-portraiture. Offers ideas on experimenting and developing ideas, culminating in a set number of finished pieces of work.
What do Plants Require to Grow?
Project requiring children to observe plants in different environments and deduce what elements are required for plant growth.
Athletics 07 - Pair Relay
This lesson contains a warm-up and cool-down, throwing activities and running activities (sprinting and pair relay). It requires co-operation between children in practicing the relay and in a warm-up game.
Worksheet for students requiring them to define specific glaciation terms. Good revision tool for this topic.
A poem to be recited at the end
A resource for the teaching of Irish
Fact-sheet on the topic of friction -- it covers limiting friction and angle of friction.
Naming Clothes using Lamh signs
Naming clothing items using Lamh signs Oral language is encouraged. Suitable for students with Moderate/Severe Special Needs.
Rain forests and Deforestation
Lesson plan covering the diversity of animal and plant life in rainforests and asks questions about the threat of deforestation worldwide. Also features weblinks and a crossword activity.
Making a Video Microscope System
Instructions for making an adapter for a home video camera so that it can be used with a microscope in a school laboratory.
"Must a Fellow Wait to Die?": Workers Write to Frances Perkins
Silicosis, a deadly lung disease caused when workers inhale fine particles of silica dust—a mineral found in sand, quartz, and granite—became a national cause célèbre during the Great Depression when it was recognized as a significant disease among lead, zinc, and silver miners, sandblasters, and foundry and tunnel workers. In 1938 the federal government declared silicosis America's number one industrial health problem and Secretary of Labor Frances Perkins convened a National Silicosis Co
Bandits or Patriots?: Documents from Charlemagne Pralte
In 1910, an international consortium of banks refinanced Haiti's international debt and took control of the country's treasury. In 1914, the bank refused to issue gold payments to the Haitian government and asked the U.S. military to protect the gold reserves. On December 17, 1914, U.S. marines landed in Haiti and moved the gold to the bank's New York vaults. Eight months later, the marines again landed in Port au Prince, Haiti's capital, this time claiming the need to protect foreign lives and
"The Greatest Tyrant in the State of Pennsylvania": A Late Nineteenth-Century Rail Worker Describes
Although publicists for the Gilded Age corporations celebrated efficiency and the science of management, their employees did not always join the celebration. What looked like careful and disciplined management from one perspective was often viewed as petty tyranny from below. While some workers assailed upper management for this abuse others experienced the tyranny more directly in their day-to-day work lives. In this transcript taken from testimony before the U. S. House of Representatives in t
"I Always Had Pads with Me": A G.I. Artist's Sketchpad, 1943-1944
In the wake of the attack on Pearl Harbor and the declaration of war, thousands of Americans enlisted in the U.S. armed forces. Among them was twenty-year-old Bronx resident Ben Hurwitz. Like many of the men and women who entered military service, Hurwitz (who changed his name to Brown after the war) kept a record of his experiences. But his "journal" was a sketchpad, and, during his two years in North Africa and Italy, Corporal Hurwitz drew and painted at every opportunity. Hurwitz's pictures a
W.E.B. DuBois Critiques Booker T. Washington
The most influential public critique of Booker T. Washington's policy of racial accommodation and gradualism came in 1903 when black leader and intellectual W.E.B. DuBois published an essay in his collection The Souls of Black Folk with the title "Of Mr. Booker T. Washington and Others." DuBois rejected Washington's willingness to avoid rocking the racial boat, calling instead for political power, insistence on civil rights, and the higher education of Negro youth.
Haymarket Martyr Albert Parsons's Last Words to His Wife
The Chicago radicals convicted of the infamous May 4, 1886 Haymarket Square bombing in which one policeman was killed remained openly defiant to the end. In his final letter to his wife, written August 20, 1886 from the Cook County "Bastille" (jail), convicted Haymarket bombing participant Albert R. Parsons, an Alabama-born printer, admitted that the verdict would cheer "the hearts of tyrants," but still optimistically predicted that "our doom to death is the handwriting on the wall, foretelling
A Mule Spinner Tells the U.S. Senate about Late 19th century Unemployment
Fall River, Massachusetts, mill worker Thomas O'Donnell (who had immigrated to the U.S. from England eleven years earlier) appeared before the U.S. Senate Committee on Education and Labor on October 18, 1883, to answer the panel's questions about working-class economic conditions. An unemployed mule spinner for more than half of the year, he described the introduction of new production methods at the Fall River, Massachusetts, textile factory where he worked as a mule spinner (a worker who tende
"Speak, Garvey, Speak!"A Follower Recalls a Garvey Rally
The Jamaican-born Marcus Garvey, a brilliant orator and black nationalist leader, turned his Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) into the most important black organization in the United States in the early 1920s. Garvey's speeches often drew huge audiences, and stories of Garvey's stubborn resistance in the face of white hostility proliferated among his supporters. In an oral history interview, devotee Audley Moore remembered the Jamaican's defiant behavior at a rally in New Orleans c