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3.2 Is there a right to privacy in the UK?

From these cases it seems that a duty of confidence clearly exists where confidential information comes to the knowledge of the media. However, the courts are not willing to limit the media's freedom of expression where the issues concern extramarital affairs. It appears that there must be some significant countervailing interest in order to uphold the right to confidence; in Naomi Campbell's case that countervailing interest was that she wished to protect the integrity of her medical treatme
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3.1 The expansion of the right to confidence

While there is no common law right to privacy, the law relating to breach of confidence has been expanded to a degree which suggests that privacy claims are now being given greater protection. The right to confidence has been expanded in recent cases such as Douglas and Others v Hello! Ltd (2001). In this case the Court of Appeal ruled that individuals have a right to personal privacy which was grounded in the doctrine of confidence. Michael Douglas and Catherine Zeta-Jones had granted
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2,2 The right to confidence

Those who allege that their privacy has been invaded commonly rely on the action of ‘breach of the right to confidence’. The common law right to confidence is a recognised right. The essence of the right to confidence may be summarised as misuse of private information. The English courts have established, in numerous decisions, that obtaining or publishing unauthorised photographs or information amounts to a breach of confidence in situations where a ‘duty of confidence’ exi
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4.3 Summary of Part C

In Part C you explored the relationship between UK law and human rights. You learnt about the historical approaches taken to rights in the UK, that individuals could do as they please unless there was a law restricting or preventing that conduct. The UK had been a signatory to the ECHR for many years before passing the Human Rights Act. Through activities you explored the debate on incorporation of the ECHR and its perceived effect.

3.8 Summary of Part B

In Part B you learned more about the ECHR and the procedures of the ECtHR and how protocols have been used to ensure that the ECHR remains a living instrument. Part B also explored the new challenges created by the rapid expansion of HCPs at the end of the last century and the proposals for reform of the ECtHR.

3.7 The growth of the ECHR

The achievements of the ECHR are many. It continues to promote human rights and democracy across Europe, it has established jurisprudence in human rights and it has made significant contributions to the continued peace and stability of Europe. Recent reforms mean that the right of individual petition is now guaranteed, so individuals are afforded protection from the power of the state. The number of HCPs has expanded to 46 and access to the protection of the ECHR and the ECtHR is available to
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3.2 The hierarchy of the courts

A court hierarchy establishes which decisions are binding on which courts. There are some exceptions and complications to what follows but, in general and for most purposes, the higher up a court is in the hierarchy, the more authoritative its decisions. I mean ‘authoritative’ in the sense that decisions of the higher courts will bind lower courts to apply the same decided principle.

Activity 5 asks you to explore the court structure further.

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3.1 Introduction

Precedent is the basis of the common law. The doctrine of binding precedent is known as the doctrine of stare decisis, which is Latin meaning ‘to stand by/adhere to decided cases’, i.e. to follow precedent. In other words, once a principle is decided it should be followed in future cases. The doctrine refers to the fact that, within the hierarchical structure of the English courts, the decision of a higher court will be binding on a lower court. In general terms, this means th
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2.2 Use of language

Use of language is extremely important in law. As a law student it is important that you use language in an accurate way. The rest of Part A of this unit will therefore consider the importance of language in law.

Box 1 Use of language

By now you will have had a few opportunities to look up the
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2.1 The history of the common law

Prior to the Norman Conquest of England in 1066, there was no unitary, national legal system. Before 1066 the English legal system involved a mass of oral customary rules, which varied according to region. The law of the Jutes in the south of England, for example, was different from that of the Mercians in the middle of the country (see map below). Each county had its own local court dispensing its own justice in accordance with local customs that varied from community to commun
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Lucky, A Dog and Her Doctors
A golden retriever named Lucky lived up to her name when she conquered a dangerous form of cancer and went on to win the title Master Hunter from the American Kennel Club, thanks to state-of-the-art oncology treatment at Oregon State University's College of Veterinary Medicine.
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4.2 A resting heart rate

We can understand the role of the athlete's heart in sport a little more clearly by looking at typical heart rates for trained athletes compared with heart rates for non-athletes. A commonly used measure of heart efficiency is called the resting heart rate. This is the number of times per minute that the heart beats when a person is relaxed and resting. The heart rate for a reasonably healthy adult when they are relaxed and resting is in the range of 55–65 beats per minute. This means that
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Entretiens du Jeu de Paume : Le régime présidentiel américain
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Entretiens du Jeu de Paume : États généraux, Assemblée constituante et séparation des pouvoirs
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Come raggiungere Pavia: describing the route
At the completion of this lesson you will be able to understand the main points of a route description. You will read an email and put the missing streets into the correct places in the text. Then you will read the email again: now the instructions are missing. Then you will practice numbers and left/right. You will use this to indicate where a building is located. Lastly, you will get a brain teaser about three places in the city.
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Site Libre Savoirs: Les marchés financiers
Domaine: Sciences de l'économie, de la gestion et de la société
Programme I Les principes généraux d'organisation des marchés financiers II Les marchés sous-jacents II-1 Les marchés d'actions II-2 Les marchés obligataires 1I-3 Les marchés des changes III Les marchés dérivés III-1 Les marchés à terme de marchandises III-2 Les marchés à terme d'instruments financiers (marchés de taux) III-3 Les marchés d'options négociables Méthodes pédagogiques Cours sur la b

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Diversity of Hardwoods at Congaree Swamp
In this video segment from NatureScene, observe some methods of plant identification with regards to the diversity of hardwoods at the Congaree Swamp.
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Tick Tock Goes the Clock
Can you tell time? Play these games to find out!
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