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12 - Nineteenth-Century Cities
The nineteenth century witnessed an unprecedented degree of urbanization, an increase in urban population growth relative to population growth generally. One of the chief consequences of this growth was class segregation, as the bourgeoisie and upper classes were forced to inhabit the same confined space as workers. Significantly, this had opposed effects in Europe, where the working classes typically inhabit the periphery of cities, and the United States, where they are most often in the city c
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11 - Why no Revolution in 1848 in Britain
Revolutions occur when a critical mass of people come together to make specific demands upon their government. They invariably involve an increase in popular involvement in the political process. One of the central questions concerning 1848, a year in which almost every major European nation faced a revolutionary upsurge, is why England did not have its own revolution despite the existence of social tensions. Two principal reasons account for this fact: first, the success of reformist political
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10 - Popular Protest
Collective violence, in the form of popular protest, was one of the principal ways in which people resisted the expansion of capitalism and the state throughout the nineteenth century. The nature of this protest can be charted through three different, but related examples: grain riots across Europe in the first half of the century, the mythical figure of Captain Swing in England, and the Demoiselles of the Ariège in France. While these movements were ultimately repressed by the forces of capita
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09 - Middle Classes
The nineteenth century in Europe is, in many ways, synonymous with the rise of the bourgeoisie. It is misleading, however, to consider this newly dominant middle class as a homogenous group; rather, the century may be more accurately described in terms of the rise of plural middle classes. While the classes comprising this group were united by their search for power based on property rights rather than hereditary privilege, they were otherwise strikingly diverse. Contemporary stereotypes of the
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06 - Maximilien Robespierre and the French Revolution
Robespierre's ascetic personal life and severe philosophy of political engagement are attributed by some to his difficult childhood. As a revolutionary, one of his most significant insights was that the Revolution was threatened not only by France's military adversaries abroad, but also by domestic counter-revolutionaries. Under this latter heading were gathered two major groups, urban mercantilists and rural peasants. Relative strength of religious commitment is the major factor in explaining w
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04 - Peter the Great
Peter the Great's historical significance stems not only from his military ambitions and the great expansion of the Russian Empire under his supervision, but also from his efforts to introduce secular, Western customs and ideas into Russian culture. Despite his notorious personal brutality, Peter's enthusiasm for science and modern intellectual concerns made an indelible mark both on Russia's relationship to the West and on its internal politics. The struggle under Peter's reign between Westerni
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02 - Absolutism and the State
The rise of absolutism in Europe must be understood in the context of insecurity attending the religious wars of the first half of the seventeenth century, and the Thirty Years' War in particular. Faced with the unprecedented brutality and devastation of these conflicts, European nobles and landowners were increasingly willing to surrender their independence to the authority of a single, all-powerful monarch in return for guaranteed protection. Among the consequences of this consolidation of sta
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01 - Introduction
The course will concern European history from 1648 to 1945. The assigned readings include both standard historical texts and works of fiction, as well as films. Although the period in question encompasses many monumental events and "great men," attention will also be paid to the development of themes over the long term and the experiences of people and groups often excluded from official histories. Among the principle questions to be addressed are the consolidation of state power, the formation
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VU undergrads present research on presidential appointments
Two Vanderbilt undergraduates had the rare opportunity to present their research findings on the influence of patronage on presidential appointments and government performance at the 2010 Midwest Political Science Association Conference.
Author(s): Vanderbilt News Service

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Rights not set

Listen: Implicit bias against Latinos affects all immigrants, Vanderbilt research shows
Research by political scientist Efren Perez offers insight into the intense opposition among many voters to passing any type of immigration reform. He conducted an original survey-experiment to demonstrate that the participants had an automatic negative attitude toward Latino immigrants that shaped their immigration judgments in general. Listen to That’s Vanderbilt with Efren Perez.
Author(s): Ann Marie Deer Owens

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Rights not set

The end of the road?
 Professor Andy Collop

Road traffic has grown more than 80% since 1980 – as a result roads have deteriorated more quickly than could have been envisaged. Britain’s road network is one of the countries largest national assets.

Professor Andy Collop from the School of Civil Engineering describes the research taking place in Nottingham Transportation Engineering Centre and the improveme
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Getting Away With Murder: State Violence and Impunity in Phatthalung, 1972-1975
In February 1975, student activists exposed a series of brutal murders of citizens by Communist Suppression Operations Command and other state security forces that had taken place two-and-a-half years earlier in Phatthalung province in mid-southern Thailand. The thang daeng, or 'red drum,' killings gained their name from the method of killing employed. Accused of engaging in Communist activities, or tacit support for them, citizens were arrested, or simply taken, in large sweeps across districts
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World War I and the changing face of gender roles
In this lesson students will assess the political, economic, social, and cultural effects of the war on the women's movement.
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The Power of Advertising - John Hegarty
John Hegarty, of global advertising agency BBH, has been behind a number of the last 25 years most successful advertising campaigns. He talks about the power of advertising.
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Faith and Politics in a Diverse Society - Baroness Amos
Baroness Valarie Amos’s political career began in 1981 where she worked in Equal Opportunities, Training and Management Services until 1989. She was a co-founder of Amos Fraser Bernard, and director (1995-1998) where she advised the South African Government on public service reform, human rights and employment equality. She was created a life peer in 1997 by Tony Blair. From 1998-2001 she was a government whip in the House of Lords. She was appointed Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Fo
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Is ITV in Trouble? - Jim Godfrey
Jim Godfrey, ITV’s director of corporate affairs, is leaving in March after three years to set up his own PR agency. Godfrey, a former Labour special adviser, said he intended to specialise in political campaigns and branding with his new company, which will have ITV as its first client when it launches in July. He is a former special adviser to Patricia Hewlett when she was the trade and industry secretary. Before that he was director of communications for leading think-tank, the Institute fo
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The Role of Football in Development - Africa Day - Oneyachi Wambo
Oneyachi Wambo runs Score4Africa, celebrating the power of football to transform lives for the better. The Score4Africa awards ceremony is to celebrate African footballers and was staged at the House of Lords in 2008. In this Coventry Conversation, Oneyachi talks specifically about the role of football in development.
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Is there a Crisis in World Journalism? Dr Fred Mudhai
Okoth Fred Mudhai is a Senior Lecturer in Journalism and Global Media/Communication at Coventry University, UK. He has written research papers and memos on ICT and politics as a member of the IT and Civil Society Network of the IT and International Cooperation Program, US Social Science Research Council (2003-2005). At the Tunis (2005) World Summit on the Information Society, he received a Media Award by Panos London and Global Knowledge Partnership. He was also a category runner-up in the 2007
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The Power of Advertising - John Hegarty
John Hegarty, of global advertising agency BBH, has been behind a number of the last 25 years most successful advertising campaigns. He talks about the power of advertising.
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The Middle Class Bent at Radio 4? - Mark Damazer
Mark (born 15th April 1955) is the controller of Radio 4 and BBC 7 in the United Kingdom. He trained at ITN in 1980. He joined the BBC World Service as a current affairs producer in 1981. From 1982-4, he worked at ITV on TV-am, returning to BBC News in 1984. He joined Newsnight as an editor in January 1986. In August 1988, he became deputy editor of the Nine O’Clock News, becoming editor in 1990. In 1994, he became Editor of Television News Programmes, then Head of (what became) Current Affai
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