Using A Simulated Student for Instructional Design
In this paper, I describe how a cognitive model was used as a simulated student to help design lessons for training circuit board assemblers. The model was built in the Soar cognitive architecture, and was initially endowed with only an ability to learn instructions and prerequisite knowledge for the task. Five lessons, and a total of 81 instructions for teaching expert assembly were developed by iteratively drafting and testing instructions with the simulated student. The resulting instructions
Author(s): Mertz Joseph S.

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Reflections on Success: A retrospective of the mLearn conference series 2002-2005
mLearn is now in its fifth year. Although mobile learning has a much longer history, the inauguration of a conference for learning in the mobile age marked an important point in its development. This paper takes a retrospective look at the mLearn conferences from 2002 through to 2005; reflecting on our progress in order to facilitate the transition of mobile learning from a novel research concept into a viable means of providing meaningful learning opportunities “across generations and cultures
Author(s): Naismith Laura,Corlett Dan

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Student Modeling and Machine Learning
After identifying essential student modeling issues and machine learning approaches, this paper examines how machine learning techniques have been used to automate the construction of student models as well as the background knowledge necessary for student modeling. In the process, the paper sheds light on the difficulty, suitability and potential of using machine learning for student modeling processes, and, to a lesser extent, the potential of using student modeling techniques in machine learn
Author(s): Sison Raymund,Shimura Masamichi

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New Media and Open and Distance Learning: New challenges for Education in a Knowledge Society
The "digital society" provides not only with new technology, but also with new concepts. Information plays a central role and becomes a valuable good, but knowledge cannot be reduced to information, and one aim for educators is to contribute in a "knowledge society", not only an "information society". A knowledge society is structured in networks, enriching the traditional hierarchies; a knowledge society promotes a kind of "collective intelligence". In such a society, open and distance learning
Author(s): Cornu Bernard

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Cross-border collaboration between greece and bulgaria: the use of ict in improving social medicine
Cross-country-border collaboration exists in various fields as regions are facing similar social and economic challenges. Many countries of South-East Europe experience a lack of knowledge, especially in topics of social medicine. Improved collaboration across the borders can develop the appropriate conditions for enhanced knowledge sharing and ICT can effectively contribute to this aim. The system proposed in this paper is the combination of a database and a Geographic Information System that a
Author(s): Marolov Slobodan S.,Konstantinidis Stathis,Bamidis

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Learning a New Game: Usability, Gender and Education
This research study aims to investigate the usability issues of a computer game; regarding how people learn a new game. Because the user characteristic and the strategies they use while learning a new tool are important factors for usability, they were also taken into account in the study. Both qualitative and quantitative methods were used in the study. 16 participants played the computer game. They were also observed and their eye-movements were recorded by an eye tracking device. Results show
Author(s): Sancar Hatice,Karakus Turkan,Cagiltay Kursat

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Using just-in-time information to support scientific discovery learning about geometrical optics in
Many problems that learners regularly encounter during discovery learning with computer-based simulations have been identified. A number of studies have examined different ways of support for discovery learning by facilitating the learning process. This study examines the effect of facilitating access to prior knowledge through just-in-time information. It is expected that access to just-in-time information will foster learning but will not interfere with it. To test these hypotheses, an experim
Author(s): Hulshof Casper,de Jong Ton

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An Algebra Subsystem for Diagnosing Students' Input in a Physics Tutoring System
To help a student in an introductory physics course do quantitative homework problems, an intelligent tutoring system must determine information of an algebraic nature. This paper describes a subsystem which resolves such questions for Andes2. The capabilities of the subsystem would be useful for any ITS which deals with problems involving complex systems of equations. This subsystem is capable of 1) solving the systems of equations at the level of introductory physics problems, 2) checking the
Author(s): Shapiro Joel A.

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Supporting peer interaction in online learning environments
This paper reports two studies into the efficacy of sentence openers to foster online peer-to-peer interaction. Sentence openers are pre-defined ways to start an utterance that are implemented in communication facilities as menu’s or buttons. In the first study, typical opening phrases were derived from naturally occurring online dialogues. The resulting set of sentence openers was implemented in a semi-structured chat tool that allowed students to compose messages in a free-text area or via se
Author(s): Lazonder Ard

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Les technologies éducatives standards : un nouvel éclairage sur l'approche qualité d'un système
Cet article montre l'opportunité pour la communauté EIAH de disposer d'un cadre de référence proposé par l'ISO sur les systèmes ouverts et distribués. Ce travail s'inscrit dans le domaine de l'ingénierie pédagogique qui met en œuvre les principaux projets sur les technologies éducatives normées. En effet, instancier un tel modèle de référence nous amène à appréhender la vision systémique, l'approche qualité, et le rôle des concepteurs dans un système de formation à distan
Author(s): Corbière Alain

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Formation sur des réseaux professionnels : Listes de diffusion pour enseignants du premier degré
Les listes de diffusion pédagogiques permettent aux enseignants de mutualiser des ressources, de coopérer, de rompre leur isolement. Nous sommes allés à la rencontre de 25 instituteurs ou professeurs des écoles afin d'examiner si, et le cas échéant dans quelle mesure, l'adhésion et la participation à des listes de diffusion pour enseignants du premier degré concourent à leur formation professionnelle continue. Avec l'enquête par entretien semi directif, méthodologie qualitative à
Author(s): Turban Jean-Marc

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Natural Editing of Algebraic Expressions
We call “natural editing of algebraic expressions” the editing of algebraic expressions in their natural representation, the one that is used on paper and blackboard. This is an issue we have investigated in the Aplusix project, a project which develops a system aiming at helping students to learn algebra. The paper summarises first this project. Second it defines the notion of algebraic expression, and of representation of algebraic expression. After an exploration of 20 software systems whic
Author(s): Nicaud Jean-François,Bouhineau Denis

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Supporting CSCL with Automatic Corpus Analysis Technology
Process analyses are becoming more and more standard in research on computer-supported collaborative learning. This paper presents the rational as well as results of an evaluation of a tool called TagHelper, designed for streamlining the process of multi-dimensional analysis of the collaborative learning process. In comparison with a hand-coded corpus coded with a 7 dimensional coding scheme, TagHelper is able to achieve an acceptable level of agreement (Cohen's Kappa of .7 or more) along 6 out
Author(s): Doenmez Pinar,Rose Carolyn,Stegmann Karsten,Weinbe

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Putting knowledge to use
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Author(s): Pea Roy D.

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Beyond Amplification: Using the Computer to Reorganize Mental Functioning
Computers are classically viewed as amplifiers of cognition. An alternative conceptualization is offered of computer as reorganizer of mental functioning. Software analyses illuminate the advantages of the latter approach for new visions of the potential cognitive benefits of computers. A new result emerges: Because the cognitive technologies we invent serve as instruments of cultural redefinition (shaping who we are by changing, not just amplifying, what we do), defining educational values beco
Author(s): Pea Roy D.

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Learning Objects 2: Standards, Metadata, Repositories, and LCMS
This book is the second in a four-volume series. It builds upon the first volume by taking an extended and in-depth look at theorists' and practitioners' efforts to consolidate current knowledge and praxis. This consolidation centers around conceptual and technological issues related to standards, metadata, repositories, and the concept of the LCMS (Learning Content Management System). Part I contains six chapters that focus upon LO concepts vis-à-vis architecture. A discussion of syntax, seman
Author(s): Harman Keith,Koohang Alex

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A Method for Creating Collaborative Mobile Learning Trails
In this paper I report results from recent trials in which students used mobile devices to collaboratively create, edit and share trails. These included 9- to 10-year-olds as well as adult diploma students, in the subject of horticulture in botanic gardens. Findings indicate that a narrow subject focus and a manageable amount of data capture are appropriate in most cases; trails are most effective when framed with structured tasks and a narrow focus. Structure can be introduced through the use o
Author(s): Walker Kevin

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Computational Mathetics: Towards a Science of Learning Systems Design
The aim of this report is simply to help put the design of computer-based systems to support learning on a more scientific footing. The aim is simply stated, but its achievement is more difficult. For one thing, it is not at all obvious what "more scientific" means in this context. However, it is essential for AI-ED research to take better account of the concepts of 'situation', 'context', 'community', 'discourse', 'social learning', and so on, but these terms need to be defined, not used as man
Author(s): Self John

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How GRID could improve E-Learning in the environmental science domain
This paper will outline the requirements for an interactive e-learning system defined as part of the German research project GIMOLUS [1]. After a short overview over the Open Grid Service Architecture (OGSA) it will be shown that the capabilities of existing e-learning solutions are too limited in order to fulfil these requirements. The last part will show how a GIMOLUS system could be built using a GRID service architecture and what the benefits are in doing so.
Author(s): Wesner Stefan,Wulf Konrad,Muller Mark

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Scripting argumentative knowledge construction in computer-supported learning environments
Computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL) environments may encourage learners to engage in argumentative knowledge construction. Argumentative knowledge construction means that learners work together to elaborate on concepts by constructing arguments and counterarguments. This is achieved through discourse with the goal of acquiring knowledge within a specific domain. However, learners may encounter problems relating to one of three dimensions of argumentative knowledge construction. Firs
Author(s): Weinberger Armin,Stegmann Karsten,Fischer Frank,Ma

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