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Fostering collaborative knowledge construction with visualization tools
This study investigates to what extent collaborative knowledge construction can be fostered by providing students with visualization tools as structural support. Thirty-two students of Educational Psychology took part in the study. The students were subdivided into dyads and asked to solve a case problem of their learning domain under one of two conditions: 1) with content-specific visualization 2) with content-unspecific visualization. Results show that by being provided with a content-specific
Author(s): Fischer Frank,Bruhn Johannes,Gräsel Cornelia,Mand

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Knowledge convergence in collaborative learning: Concepts and assessment
In collaborative learning the question has been raised as to how learners in small groups influence one another and converge or diverge with respect to knowledge. This article conceptualizes knowledge convergence and further provides measures for its assessment prior to, during, and subsequent to collaborative learning. In an exemplary study in the field of computer-supported collaborative learning with forty-eight (48) locally distant participants in 16 groups of three, we apply these measures
Author(s): Weinberger Armin,Stegmann Karsten,Fischer Frank

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Supporting self-regulated learners for a while and what computers can contribute
This article's main claim is that to support individuals' development toward becoming self-regulated learners requires certain amounts of other-regulation, i.e. scaffolding. Starting from this assertion, we discuss 6 issues that surfaced in the 5 articles of this special issue. First, we argue that designers need good reasons for taking freedom away from the learners. Beyond practical reasons, we suggest that the reduction of freedom should more often be warranted in theoretical considerations.
Author(s): Kollar Ingo,Fischer Frank

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Autoevaluation in 8086 assembly language programming
Autoevaluation (self assessment) is more and more developed for teaching at university. We present our contribution to this pedagogical resource. Our exercises are intended for students in second year at the University of Paris 6 for the module "Computer Architecture". These numerous exercises complete the classical courses and allow students to check their know-how. We have experimented with success our set of exercises for the past 2 years with numerous students in UTES1. Uteval software has b
Author(s): Paget Marie-Martine,Nogier Marie-Claire,Giroire HÃ

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One-to-one technology-enhanced learning: an opportunity for global research collaboration
Over the next 10 years, we anticipate that personal, portable, wirelessly-networked technologies will become ubiquitous in the lives of learners — indeed, in many countries, this is already a reality. We see that ready-to-hand access creates the potential for a new phase in the evolution of technology-enhanced learning (TEL), characterized by “seamless learning spaces” and marked by continuity of the learning experience across different scenarios (or environments), and emerging from the av
Author(s): Chan Tak-Wai,Roschelle Jeremy,Hsi Sherry,Kinshuk D

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Mobile Usability in Educational Contexts: What have we learnt?
The successful development of mobile learning is dependent on human factors in the use of new mobile and wireless technologies. The majority of mobile learning activity continues to take place on devices that were not designed with educational applications in mind, and usability issues are often reported. The paper reflects on progress in approaches to usability and on recent developments, with particular reference to usability findings reported in studies of mobile learning. The requirements of
Author(s): Kukulska-Hulme Agnes

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The Social and Technological Dimensions of Scaffolding and Related Theoretical Concepts for Learning
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Author(s): Pea Roy D.

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Transformative communication as a cultural tool for guiding inquiry science
Inquiry-based science instruction offers great promise as a means of actively engaging students in authentic scientific problem solving, including consideration of research design issues. At the same time, inquiry introduces some difficulties. In particular, familiar "cultural tools" for classroom discourse, such as Initiation-Reply-Evaluation sequences, are no longer appropriate because they are premised on known answers and teacher-driven activity. To help support productive open-ended science
Author(s): Polman Joseph L.,Pea Roy D.

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The Collaboratory Notebook
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Author(s): Edelson Daniel C.,Pea Roy D.,Gomez Louis M.

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Can research on science learning and instruction inform standards for science education?
We contrast the current science education reform effort with the reforms of the 1960s and suggest how the current effort could be enhanced. We identify insights from recent research that we believe can inform the reform process, in particular, to reach all science students and also impart a cohesive view of science. We propose an ldquoalternative modelsrdquo view of scientific explanation and show how this view would contribute to reforms of (1) course goals, (2) social aspects of science learni
Author(s): Linn Marcia,diSessa Andy,Pea Roy D.,Songer Nancy B

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Cyclone in the classroom: bringing the atmospheric science community into the high school
There has been much discussion about the failure of traditional science education to prepare students for careers in science (Halloun & Hestenes, 1985; Rutherford & Ahlgren, 1990). Students may become adept at solving textbook problems, but they fail to apply the theories that are learned in school to the actual phenomena that the theories attempt to explain (Tinker, 1992). This is in large part due to the fact that students don't often experience phenomena in the classroom. They spend most of t
Author(s): McGee Steven,Pea Roy D.

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A Discussion of Judah Schwartz's Chapter
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Author(s): Linn Marcia,Pea Roy D.

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Towards a Domain Specific Application Development Environment for the ELeGI architecture: the Softwa
The Next Generation Grids (NGG) expert group has pioneered the vision of "Invisible Grid" whereby the complexity of Grid systems and architectures is hidden to both developers and users. In this new vision, the Grid has a different role: it will not more provide a virtual computing environment but it will be the basis of a more complex service oriented, knowledge-based and collaborative environment suitable for the specific domains in which citizen and organizations have to operate. Grid commun
Author(s): Gaeta Angelo,Ritrovato Pierluigi,Gaeta Matteo

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Putting knowledge to use
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Author(s): Pea Roy D.

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Symbol Systems and Thinking Skills: Logo in Context
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Author(s): Pea Roy D.

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Technology and pedagogy for collaborative problem solving as a context for learning
This workshop, sponsored jointly by CSCW'92 and the Centre for Applied Cognitive Science at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education (OISE), was organized to bring together researchers with interests in the emerging area of Computer Support for Collaborative Learning (CSCL). It was held at OISE on the weekend preceding CSCW'92 and was attended by 27 participants from academia and industry.
Author(s): Koschmann Timothy,Newman Denis,Woodruff Earl,Pea R

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Supporting Conceptual Awareness with Pedagogical Agents
This paper describes a series of efforts in building and conceptualizing software agents for distributed collaborative learning. The agents are referred to as pedagogical agents. We have integrated pedagogical agents within two collaborative environments, TeamWave Workplace and Future Learning Environment. The role of agents in these environments differs from past work on software agents in their function as extended awareness mechanisms, focusing on task and concept awareness (conceptual a
Author(s): Mørch Anders,Jondahl Silje,Dolonen Jan A.

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Super Users and Local Developers: The Organization of End User Development in an Accounting Company
The paper presents a case study following the activities of super users and local developers during the adoption of a new business application by an accounting firm in Scandinavia (referred to as the Company). The Company launched a program to train super users to help with this process because of the complexity of the new system, a generic, multi-purpose application system replacing several older, non-integrated systems. The system, Visma Business (VB) is a comprehensive financial and accountin
Author(s): Mørch Anders,Hansen Åsand Hege-René

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Grounding Collaborative Knowledge Building in Semantics-Based Critiquing
In this paper we investigate the use of Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA), Critiquing Systems, and Knowledge Building to support computer-based teaching of English composition. We have built and tested an English Composition Critiquing System that make use of LSA to analyze student essays and compute feedback by comparing their essays with teacher's model essays. LSA values are input to a critiquing component to provide a user interface for the students. A software agent can also use the critic fe
Author(s): Mørch Anders,Cheung William,Wong Kelvin,Liu Jimin

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Categorisation in Knowledge building
In this paper we explore how students talk and reason when they were exposed to a set of categories taken from scientific discourse. The scientific categories are built into a web-based discussion forum (Fle) as part of a pedagogical and technological design. The scientific categories are based on the concepts of the progressive inquiry model for knowledge building. Socio-cultural theory with a focus on concepts like categories and prompting is our theoretical framework. In the DoCTA NSS proje
Author(s): Ludvigsen Sten,Mørch Anders

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