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A Model for the Efficient Representation and Management of Online Collaborative Learning Interaction
This study aims to explore the importance of the efficient representation and management of the event information generated from group activity in online collaborative learning practices so that we can use it to provide awareness about individual and group behaviour. The achievement of this goal first involves the design of a conceptual model of collaborative learning interaction that structures and classifies the information generated in an online collaborative learning situation at several lev
Author(s): Caballé Santi,Daradoumis Thanasis,Xhafa Fatos

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Gridifying IBM's Generic Log Adapter to Speed-Up the Processing of Log Data
Problem determination in today's computing environments consumes between 30 and 70% of an organization’s IT resources and represents from one third to one half of their total cost of ownership. The first step to cutting down costs in this area and to enable autonomic computing systems is to have all parts of the system report status in a common log data format and semantics in order to be able to exploit the status information of the system as a whole. The Generic Log Adapter (GLA) is a generic
Author(s): Paniagua Claudi,Xhafa Fatos,Daradoumis Thanasis

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Semantic Description of Grid Based Learning Services
Grid technology has emerged as a powerful tool to increase the capabilities of e-learning frameworks. Learning services are fundamental components representing functionalities that can be easily reused without knowing the details of how services have been implemented. On the one hand, a problem that still remains unsolved is how to use and integrate low-level learning services to compose more complex high-level services or tools that make sense to both tutors and learners. On the other hand, the
Author(s): Gutiérrez-Carreón Gustavo,Daradoumis Thanasis,Jo

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Contextualizing Discussions in Distance Learning Systems
In distance learning systems, communication tools are rarely integrated into learning activities, which does not encourage their use. The main goal of our work is to mitigate this lack of integration. Our aim is to bring the discussion activities closer to the learning activities, i.e. to situations to which the discussions must ideally relate to in order to promote learning between students. Thus, we suggest two models of forum which are contextual and based on a structuring of discussions resp
Author(s): George Sébastien

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I*teach methodology in school practice
One of the assumptions of secondary education is that students are to acquire numerous ICT-related skills. The computer has become an essential element of live, both at school and outside it. Using ICT tools students can structure their knowledge, prepare images, create banks of data and analyze it, write reports and other text documents. Electronic mail, discussion lists, forums and other online applications facilitate communication and cooperation. World Wide Web gives an easy access to immens
Author(s): Nikolova Nikolina,Miranowicz Malgorzata

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The LEAP Authoring Tool: Supporting complex courseware authoring through reuse, rapid prototyping, a
An important goal of current work in computer-based learning environments is to develop systems that combine the richness and effectiveness of an individually crafted intelligent tutoring system (ITS) with the generality and flexibility of a computer-assisted instruction (CAI) authoring tool. Our effort to achieve this goal is demonstrated in the Learn, Explore and Practice (LEAPsm) ITS shell and its courseware development component, The LEAP Authoring Tool (LAT). The LAT was developed for use b
Author(s): Sparks Randall,Dooley Scott,Meiskey Lori,Blumentha

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Methodological Issues in the Content Analysis of Computer Conference Transcripts
This paper discusses the potential and the methodological challenges of analyzing computer conference transcripts using quantitative content analysis. The paper is divided into six sections, which discuss: criteria for content analysis, research designs, types of content, units of analysis, ethical issues, and software to aid analysis. The discussion is supported with a survey of 19 commonly referenced studies published during the last decade. The paper is designed to assist researchers in using
Author(s): Rourke Liam,Anderson Terry,Garrison D. Randy,Arche

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STyLE-OLM: Interactive Open Learner Modelling
here is a strong argument in Artificial Intelligence in Education which advocates that computer-based learning systems need to adapt to the needs of learners if they are to provide for effective personalised instruction (Self, 1999a). Diagnosing a learner's cognitive capacity is a crucial issue in building adaptive systems. We have explored an interactive open learner modelling (IOLM) approach which conceives diagnosis as an interactive process involving both a computer system and a learner that
Author(s): Dimitrova Vania

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An Intelligent Tutoring System for Entity Relationship Modelling
The paper presents KERMIT, a Knowledge-based Entity Relationship Modelling Intelligent Tutor. KERMIT is a problem-solving environment for the university-level students, in which they can practise conceptual database design using the Entity-Relationship data model. KERMIT uses Constraint-Based Modelling (CBM) to model the domain knowledge and generate student models. We have used CBM previously in tutors that teach SQL and English punctuation rules. The research presented in this paper is signifi
Author(s): Suraweera Pramuditha,Mitrovic Antonija

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Student Modelling based on Belief Networks
Belief networks provide an important way to represent and reason about uncertainty – significant factors for modelling students. These networks provide a way of structuring such models, and allow a system to use a systematic approach when gathering information about the scope of the student’s knowledge. This work also provides a theoretically-sound way to update the student model, based on the concept of a dynamic belief network. The relationship to related research is discussed. Finally, the
Author(s): Reye Jim

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Rôle des ontologies en ingénierie des EIAH : cas d’un système d’assistance au design pédagogiq
The thesis illustrates the role that Ontological Engineering (OE) can play in the design of Technology Enhanced Learning (TEL) for supporting learning/instructional designers and environments.,Ph. D. Thesis in cognitive informatics, Department of computer sciences, Unversité du Québec à Montréal (UQÀM), Canada
Author(s): Psyché Valéry

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The ZAP Project: Designing interactive computer tools for learning psychology
In the ZAP project, a set of interactive computer programs called 'ZAPs' was developed. The programs were designed in such a way that first-year students experience psychological phenomena in a vivid and self-explanatory way. Students can either take the role of participant in a psychological experiment, they can experience phenomena themselves, or they can take the role of researcher and learn by discovery. ZAPs provide added value to existing learning materials about psychological topics and c
Author(s): Hulshof Casper,Eysink Tessa,de Jong Ton

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Éditorial du numéro spécial "Les ontologies pour les EIAH"
L’ingénierie ontologique est devenue depuis peu une composante incontournable des sciences cognitives. Dans un tel contexte, la communauté EIAH dont l’objet final est le partage et la transmission de la connaissance ne pouvait être en reste. Ainsi, l’ontologie et l’ingénierie ontologique sont des termes qui commencent à apparaître régulièrement dans les communications scientifiques de notre communauté [Crampes00] [RanwezCrampes01] [Psyché03] [Hibou03]. L’intérêt est croissant ch
Author(s): Crampes Michel,Bourdeau Jacqueline

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Le rôle de l’ingénierie ontologique dans le domaine des EIAH
Dans cet entretien, Riichiro Mizoguchi nous révèle ses pensées les plus profondes sur le rôle que joue l’Ingénierie Ontologique (IO) dans le domaine des EIAH. Il insiste sur la nature conceptuelle d’une ontologie, faite pour pouvoir partager des connaissances entre humains et ordinateurs, et entre ordinateurs. Conceptualisation, partage et réutilisation sont donc les concepts-clés d’une ontologie. Dans le domaine des EIAH, le rôle de l’IO n’est pas de modéliser les connaissances po
Author(s): Mizoguchi Riichiro,Bourdeau Jacqueline

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Logiciels de construction de cartes de connaissances: Des outils pour apprendre
This article examines the possible uses of concept mapping software in a university or continuing education context. Concept mapping applications allow the student to graphically represent compiled information as a network of nodes and vectors. The article looks at several applications that may be used to make different kinds of maps, but mainly reviews teaching strategies that incorporate these tools as well as providing a number of planning pointers. It also summarizes the main advantages and
Author(s): Pudelko Béatrice,Basque Josianne

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Learning Design Repositories – Structure Ontology and Processes
We summarize here the results of a project called IDLD: Implementation and Deployment of the Learning Design specification. The main product of the IDLD project is a portal that provides a suite of tools and methodological aids to help build IMS-LD compliant learning designs. In this paper, we focus on a practical approach to build and extend a repository of learning designs. We present a more specific process where tools in the portal serve to extend the repository by building LD patterns extra
Author(s): Lundgren-Cayrol Karin,Paquette Gilbert,Marino Olga

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Selecting Theories in an Ontology-Based ITS Authoring Environment
This paper introduces the rationale for concrete situations in the authoring process that can exploit a theory-aware Authoring Environment. It illustrates how Ontological Engineering (OE) can be instrumental in representing the declarative knowledge needed, and how an added value in terms of intelligence can be expected for both authoring and for learning environments.
Author(s): Bourdeau Jacqueline,Mizoguchi Riichiro,Psyché Val

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Apport de l’ingénierie ontologique aux environnements de formation à distance
Cet article explore le potentiel de l’ontologie et de l’ingénierie ontologique pour augmenter l’intelligence dans les environnements de formation à distance, ainsi que dans la conception de ces environnements. Il contient une introduction à l’ontologie avec ses origines dans la philosophie occidentale, une discussion des relations entre l’intelligence artificielle et l’ingénierie ontologique, suivie d’une description des méthodologies et des outils d’ingénierie ontologique. Plusieu
Author(s): Psyché Valéry,Mendes Olavo,Bourdeau Jacqueline

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TELOS, a Service-Oriented Framework to Support Learning and Knowledge Management
This chapter presents the basic orientations, the main use cases and the conceptual framework of a TeleLearning Operating System. TELOS is a system under development within the LORNET research network (www.lornet.org) aiming to integrate components and services, and research results, produced by the different LORNET teams. TELOS research is at the convergence of three main trends: learning object repositories that facilitate the access to knowledge resources; learning and knowledge management su
Author(s): Paquette Gilbert,Rosca Ioan,Mihaila Stefan,Masmoud

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La construction de protocole de travaux pratiques de chimie à l’aide d’un logiciel: quels apport
L’article présente une étude effectuée avec des élèves de terminale S, à partir de l’utilisation du logiciel Educ@ffix.net qui a pour objet l’acquisition de connaissances procédurales et déclaratives par la réalisation d’un protocole expérimental en chimie. La situation-problème proposée consiste à déterminer la concentration du colo- rant E124 dans un sirop de grenadine. Dans un premier temps, la situation pédagogique modélisée dans l’environnement informatique est décri
Author(s): Marzin Patricia,Ergun Mustafa,Girault Isabelle,d'H

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