Effects of the Indian Wars
This video is accompanied by text. "The cruelty inflicted on the natives during the Indian Wars was chronicled by Helen Hunt Jackson in her book “A Century of Dishonor,” which was published in 1881 and distributed by Jackson to every member of Congress. Jackson had become incensed at the harsh treatment of Indians during a lecture by Chief Sitting Bear of the Ponca tribe in 1879. Her mission to improve Indian conditions furthered the effort to assimilate Indians onto reservations “for thei
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Workers Strikes in the Gilded Age
This video is accompanied by text. "The end of the nineteenth century saw the most contentious and violent labor conflicts in the history of the nation. Between 1881 and 1900, approximately 23,000 strikes occurred, involving over six million workers. Unfortunately, in about half of the strikes the laborers gained nothing, and in the other half they were only able to elicit meager or modest gains. Bloody confrontations wracked the railroad, steel, and mining industries, often requiring interventi
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Infinitive Phrases Lecture
This video presents a lecture from Yossarian the Grammarian about infinitive phrases (to run, to learn, to cook, etc.), which function as adjectives, adverbs, and nouns.  He briefly explains what infinitives are, then goes on to talk about infinitive phrases and how they can function as different parts of speech using examples he has written on a white board.

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Family and Social Life in the Colonies
Family and social life for all Anglo-American colonists was colored by certain common conditions: a pre-industrial economy that put a premium on owning land, primitive knowledge of medicine by modern standards, and a social hierarchy shaped by the notion that God had ordained some to be rich and others poor. While these characteristics shaped life throughout the colonies, there were regional differences, especially between the two most ethnically English regions, the Chesapeake and New England.
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The Nature of Water
This video is accompanied by text: "A key theme in biology is the relationship between structure and function. In order to appreciate the chemical and physical properties of water, we need to understand its molecular structure.
The chemical formula of water is H-2-O, meaning that each molecule of water contains two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom. Each hydrogen atom is connected to the oxygen atom with a covalent bond..."

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Running The Government
Enforcing the laws is the chief function of the executive
branch. They do this by running the government on a daily basis.

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Kid Meteorologis
People benefit from the work of meteorologists on a daily basis. Weather forecasts enable you to plan everything from what you'll wear to whether weekend activities should be indoors or outdoors. But when severe weather approaches, meteorologists serve what is perhaps their most important function in society. In this adapted video segment from ZOOM, one student describes how her interest in observing the weather led her to volunteer at a local weather center where she gains hands-on experience w
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Observe Water in Winter and Summer
On Earth, water can regularly be found in three different phases — liquid, solid, and gas — each of which has noticeably different properties. For example, a boat can glide through liquid water in summer, but it cannot do so when the water turns to solid ice in winter. Atmospheric conditions, specifically seasonal temperatures, can influence the phase in which water exists at a given time. This short video segment depicts water in different seasons at the same location.  No narration.  Run
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Building the Brain: Exhibit Models
The American Museum of Natural History announced Brain: The Inside Story, an amazing and stimulating exhibition that will give visitors a new perspective and insight into their own brains using imaginative art, vivid brain scan imaging, and thrilling interactive exhibits that will engage the whole family. Watch as the museum's exhibition department builds various exhibit pieces, including a 5-foot-tall sculpted model of the brain. Various parts of the model light up as they are described in th
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Brooksley Born accepts 2009 JFK Profile in Courage Award
Brooksley Born, former chair of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission, was honored with the John F. Kennedy Profile in Courage Award in recognition of the political courage that she demonstrated in sounding early warnings about conditions that contributed to the current global financial crisis.
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Sheila Bair accepts 2009 JFK Profile in Courage Award
Sheila Bair, Chairman of the FDIC, was honored with the John F. Kennedy Profile in Courage Award in recognition of the political courage that she demonstrated in sounding early warnings about conditions that contributed to the current global financial crisis.
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Next steps

After completing this unit you may wish to study another OpenLearn Study Unit or find out more about this topic. Here are some suggestions:

If you wish to study formally at The Open University, you may wish to explore the courses we offer in this curriculum area:

7.4 Religion: true or false?

I noted earlier that differences between the truth claims made by religions has led those who practise Religious Studies to avoid premature judgements when dealing with questions relating to the truth and value of particular religions. By seeming to by-pass truth claims, you may feel that what I have been describing as Religious Studies avoids what many would regard as the purpose of religion – to deal in truths. This is a difficult area to cover briefly, but let me at least try to explain
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1.4 Video follow-up

Did the programme add to your factual knowledge? You might like to pursue the question of whether Sunday should be preserved on religious grounds or as a day of common rest for purely social and recreational reasons, or whether provision should be made both to preserve Sunday as a Christian day of worship and to allow members of other faiths rights to take time off work or school on other days of the week to perform worship and to celebrate their own festivals. You might want to test your res
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Riding the 'earning horse': Indian Railways
Indian Railways is the world’s largest employer and one of the biggest and busiest rail networks in the world, carrying some 17 million people and more than one million tonnes of freight daily. It was, however, until very recently, a loss-making organisation, which was heading for bankruptcy. Starting his term in 2004 with a budget of just $200 million with which to save the national institution, India’s Minister of Railways Lalu Prasad engineered a dramatic turnaround. Last year, Indian Railw
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David (1951) - extract
The poet D.R. Griffiths (1882-1953), also known by his bardic name of Amanwy, takes young schoolboy Ifor on a walk past the entrance to Ammanford's old mine and reminisces about conditions there. Paul Dickson's semi-dramatised biopic, with Griffiths essentially playing himself, is still regarded to this day as one of the finest of all Welsh films. The complete film is one of 32 included in the four-disc DVD box 'Shadows of Progress: Documentary Film in Post-War Britain 1951-1977' - http://fil
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Photographers@Google: Rick Sammon
Join Rick Sammon for thoughts and musings on lighting, HDR, and his life as a Canon "Painter of Light." How to capture and control light to make the best digital photographs. Light is the essence of photography. Follow master photographer Rick Sammon at dawn in Kenya or nighttime in Miami as he demonstrates how to achieve the best composition with the available light, which camera settings are best suited to existing conditions, and how to obtain the best exposures in challenging situations. Sa
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1.11 Facilities and the visitor experience

The quality of any visitor experience is dependent on a number of variables. These include signposting to the tourist attraction, car parking, catering, toilet facilities and overall interpretation.

The lack of adequate parking, especially on public holidays, was something of a problem in the past, there being no parking on the site itself. To overcome this problem, the National Trust leased part of a nearby hotel’s car park, but there were complaints that visitors to the waterfalls w
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1.10 Other considerations

While visitors to Aberdulais Falls seem genuinely to enjoy the experience, there is a possibility that only when they arrive at the site do they realise it is primarily an industrial site, with an attractive waterfall. There is no mention in the Aberdulais Falls title of it being an industrial site. Even the National Trust Handbook and website are a little ambiguous, using the phrase ‘Famous waterfalls and fascinating industrial site’ in its literature. Clearly not all visitors are m
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1.6 Visitor numbers

The National Trust has actively sought to encourage visitors with a wide range of interests to the site, and to broaden the appeal of the site as much as possible:

  • displays include interpretation panels devoted to the geology, flora and fauna of the site

  • computer interactive displays have been used to expand the information base

  • guided tours are run, and information sheets and visitor packs have been produced


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    Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence - see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ - Original copyright The Open University