3.3 Outputs

The principal outputs of a doctor's surgery are cured patients; the outputs of a nuclear reprocessing plant include reprocessed fuel and nuclear waste. Many transformation processes produce both goods and services. For example, a restaurant provides a service, but also produces goods such as food and drinks.

Transformation processes may result in some undesirable outputs (such as nuclear waste in the example above) as well as the goods and services they are designed to deliver. An impor
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2.1.3 The modern period
Operations management is one of the central functions of all organisations whether producing goods or services, or in the private, public or voluntary sectors. This unit will provide you with a basic framework for understanding this function and discusses the role of operations managers, in particular the importance of focusing on suppliers and customers.
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2.1.2 Mass production
Operations management is one of the central functions of all organisations whether producing goods or services, or in the private, public or voluntary sectors. This unit will provide you with a basic framework for understanding this function and discusses the role of operations managers, in particular the importance of focusing on suppliers and customers.
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2.1.1 Craft manufacturing
Operations management is one of the central functions of all organisations whether producing goods or services, or in the private, public or voluntary sectors. This unit will provide you with a basic framework for understanding this function and discusses the role of operations managers, in particular the importance of focusing on suppliers and customers.
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2.1 Operations, operations management and operations managers

Every organisation has an operations function, whether or not it is called ‘operations’. The goal or purpose of most organisations involves the production of goods and/or services. To do this, they have to procure resources, convert them into outputs and distribute them to their intended users. The term operations embraces all the activities required to create and deliver an organisation's goods or services to its customers or clients.

Within large and complex organisations ope
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2 Operations, operations management and operations managers
Operations management is one of the central functions of all organisations whether producing goods or services, or in the private, public or voluntary sectors. This unit will provide you with a basic framework for understanding this function and discusses the role of operations managers, in particular the importance of focusing on suppliers and customers.
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3 Unit summary

This unit should have given you some idea of the issues surrounding the concept of innovation, in particular the key concepts of invention and innovation, and the negative as well as the positive effects that innovations can bring. Although the business functions have been recognised in passing, you should be able to see how the functioning of an organisation can be affected by innovation. Remember that although innovation can take place within any one function of the organisation, this can
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7.6 Who should estimate?

The person managing the project is not necessarily the best one to prepare the estimates, although they should be closely involved, both as a source of information and because they need a clear understanding of what the estimates mean and what the estimators assume about outputs, inputs and the transformation process. If there are others who have more experience or more knowledge about some of the areas of work, these people may be the best ones to make estimates for the project or parts of i
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7.1 Introduction
This unit explains the function of the cytoskeleton and its role in controlling transport of vesicles between different subcellular compartments.
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6.7 Summary
This unit explains the function of the cytoskeleton and its role in controlling transport of vesicles between different subcellular compartments.
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6.6 Special endosomal compartments
This unit explains the function of the cytoskeleton and its role in controlling transport of vesicles between different subcellular compartments.
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6.5 Lysosomes
This unit explains the function of the cytoskeleton and its role in controlling transport of vesicles between different subcellular compartments.
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6.4 Phagocytosis
This unit explains the function of the cytoskeleton and its role in controlling transport of vesicles between different subcellular compartments.
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6.3 Uncoupling and receptor recycling
This unit explains the function of the cytoskeleton and its role in controlling transport of vesicles between different subcellular compartments.
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6.2 Endocytosis
This unit explains the function of the cytoskeleton and its role in controlling transport of vesicles between different subcellular compartments.
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6.1 Introduction
This unit explains the function of the cytoskeleton and its role in controlling transport of vesicles between different subcellular compartments.
Author(s): The Open University

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5.3 Summary
This unit explains the function of the cytoskeleton and its role in controlling transport of vesicles between different subcellular compartments.
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5.2 Motor proteins
This unit explains the function of the cytoskeleton and its role in controlling transport of vesicles between different subcellular compartments.
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5.1 The role of the cytoskeleton in intracellular transport
This unit explains the function of the cytoskeleton and its role in controlling transport of vesicles between different subcellular compartments.
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4.5 Summary
This unit explains the function of the cytoskeleton and its role in controlling transport of vesicles between different subcellular compartments.
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