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J. D. Salinger’s Characters as Existential Heroes: Encountering 1950s America
This dissertation will analyze Salinger’s three main protagonists, Holden Caulfield, Sergeant X, and Seymour Glass, who could not endure the pain of living a spiritual life in America and achieved symbolic or physical death at the end of their stories. It will challenge existential critic William Wiegand, who uses Kierkegaard’s concept of “Angst.” This dissertation acknowledges Wiegand’s use of the concept of “Angst,” but it opposes his conclusion because it is not acceptable from
Author(s): Kilicci, Esra

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A Model for European e-Competence Framework Development in a University Environment
The paper describes a model of implementation of the European e-Competence Framework in Sofia University by using the methodology and tools developed in the frames of the EC Sixth Framework European Integrated Project Ten- Competence. The work is a follow up activity of an internal university project for implementation a curricula in computing based on the ACM/IEEE recommendations.
Author(s): Nikolov Roumen

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Transferring Kaleidoscope members' activities research into economic outcomes
The importance of research undertaken within academic and research organisations is widely recognized by governments, industries and diverse stakeholders. Indeed, the contribution of higher education in the generation of new ideas and knowledge, and as an economic driver, has probably never been as important. Nevertheless, universities face a rapidly changing environment shaped by pressure on funding, an emphasis on quality assurance and the increasing impact of globalisation, marketisation and
Author(s): Scodigor Eugène,Balacheff Nicolas,Boulé Jean-Mar

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Social Software for Professional Learning: Examples and Research Issues
Life-long learning is a key issue for our knowledge society. With social software systems new heterogeneous kinds of technology enhanced informal learning are now available to the life-long learner. Learners outside of learning institutions now have access to powerful social communities of experts and peers who are together forging a new web 2.0. This paper reviews current work in pan-European initiatives that impact upon life-long learning via views of professional learning, learner competence
Author(s): Klamma Ralf

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An Experience Applying Reinforcement Learning in a Web-Based Adaptive and Intelligent Educational Sy
The definition of effective pedagogical strategies for coaching and tutoring students according to their needs is one of the most important issues in Adaptive and Intelligent Educational Systems (AIES). The use of a Reinforcement Learning (RL) model allows the system to learn automatically how to teach to each student individually, only based on the acquired experience with other learners with similar characteristics, like a human tutor does. The application of this artificial intelligence techn
Author(s): Iglesias Ana,Martinez Paloma,Fernandez Fernando

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Statistical Reasoning I
Statistical Reasoning in Public Health provides an introduction to selected important topics in biostatistical concepts and reasoning through lectures, exercises, and bulletin board discussions.
Author(s): John McGready

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Description of six scenarios and of the results of six validated trials
This deliverable aims at presenting and analysing the processes of elaboration and validation of the PALETTE scenarios. After having defined these two processes and situated them into the PALETTE methodology, the scenarios are presented. For each scenario, the specific methodology of elaboration and validation is described with a special focus on the participation of the concerned Communities of Pratcice (CoPs). Then the results of the validation are presented as well as the reports of their tec
Author(s): Boukottaya Aida,Buffa Michel,Charlier Bernadette,D

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Introduction to Methods for Health Service Research and Evaluation
Introduction to Methods for Health Services Research and Evaluation provides an introduction to basic methods for undertaking research and program evaluation within health services organizations and systems.
Author(s): Jonathan P. Weiner, Lynda C. Burton, and Elizabeth

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Future Potential of ICT Implementation in University Education in Jordan
The emerging information and communication technology (ICT) has become a strategic alternative for universities all over the world to enhance learning and deliver both quantity and quality programs. The status of ICT infrastructure in Jordan is investigated through a number of core indicators to identify the underlying factors which emerge as serious obstacles to the progress of university eEducation. Findings show that Jordan has made a good progress in international ranking in both the network
Author(s): Al-Zoubi Abdallah,Kahhaleh Bassam,Hasan Omar,Kharo

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Proposal for convergence of e-learning systems for t-learning
This article presents considerations about viability on reutilize existing web based e- Learning systems on Interactive Digital TV environment according to Digital TV standard adopted in Brazil. Considering the popularity of Moodle system in academic and corporative area, such system was chosen as a foundation for a survey into its properties to create a specification of an Application Programming Interface (API) for convergence to t-Learning characteristics that demands efforts in interface des
Author(s): De Franco Barbara Bernardini,Carvalho de Oliveira

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Digital literacy – towards a re description of literacy for the digital learning environments
The concepts of ‘digital literacy’ and ‘digital competence’ are the focus in this paper. The paper will argue that the traditional concepts regarding literacy need to be re described and augmented when faced with the challenges and affordances of the digital learning environments. The paper will suggest a theoretical framework for how to understand the ways in which young people include digital technologies into their social and cultural practices. Some examples from the empirical material w
Author(s): Hokstad Leif M.,Dons Carl F.

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Introduction to Biostatistics
ntroduction to Biostatistics provides an introduction to selected important topics in biostatistical concepts and reasoning.
Author(s): John McGready, Rakesh Aggarwal, Amita Aggarwal, Ni

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Patient Safety and Medical Errors
Provides an introduction to the science of safety, and how it relates to problems with patient safety in health care. Explains the role of both individuals and systems in improving patient safety.
Author(s): Albert Wu, Laura Morlock, and Peter Pronovost

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Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the Johns Hopkins University and individual authors unless otherwise noted. JHSPH OpenCourseWare materials are licensed under a Creative Commons License

The human side of e-learning: Real people subjective experiences in virtual classrooms
This paper is based on a study of the subjective aspects of the student/e-learning platform tutor relationship. To find out how people feel in the role of ‘e-students’ or ‘e-tutors’, we have analyzed a set of testimonies collected through fifty five interviews. The interviewees were invited to speak and write about what they feel as e-learning subjects. Through their discourse, we could identify what kind of virtual-human relationships they have developed in this kind of environment. As well
Author(s): Crenzel Silvina,Cruz Francisca,Nojima Vera

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Investigating mental representations in children interacting with small mobile robots
This research aimed at investigating the acquisition of comprehension of a robotic system in school age children by using two different methods: concept maps and interviews. We demonstrated that concept maps are an important instrument of verification of knowledge, offering the possibility to graphically re-examine the expressed knowledge, and training children to decompose a problem (analysis) and re-compose it in a more structured way (synthesis). The interviews confirmed the subjects’ abilit
Author(s): Bilotta Eleonora,Gabriele Lorella,Servidio Rocco,T

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Mashing The MUVE - A Mashup Model for Collaborative Learning in Multi-User Virtual Environments
Mashup technologies offer opportunities for students to become proactive, collaborative and engaged. However the primary metaphors are asynchronous, allowing reflexive and expansive dialogue (Palloff & Pratt 1999) but limit dynamic collaborative learning. This paper will present a model being evaluated at the Open University using a mashup immersive learning environment to offer collaborative learning in a situated, constructivist context. The pilot project will be used to map pedagogy and learn
Author(s): Bennett Jacquie,Peachey Anna

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Designing and application of E-portfolio for teacher training
Portfolio is not just a magic word but it is mandatory for everyone in today's free market. Some companies started their own portfolios for employee assessment. Other has them for optimization purposes or even education. Each of us first encounter portfolio in schools. Big books with grades and other useful data were in them. In the teacher education we also have portfolios and the most important is teacher training portfolio. Based on this portfolios employees decide who to hire or not. With th
Author(s): Krasna Marjan,Bratina Tomaz,Kaucic Branko

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Land Of The Tiger - Desert Kingdom, Part 3
This documentary, which is suitable for older elementary, middle school, and high school students, explores the desert regions of the Indian subcontinent and the animals that have adapted to it. Run time 09:51.
Author(s): No creator set

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Graphical Vector Addition: Example 1
John Taylor
Illustrates the graphical addition of two vectors. The requirements on location and units are discussed.
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Model-based Design of Activity Spaces for Collaborative Problem Solving and Learning
It is investigated how the design of external representations, namely, concept maps, can be based on a simulation model, how model-based concept maps can be utilized in an instructional and collaborative problem solving setting and how they can be taken advantage of in a computerized environment for collaborative problem solving and learning. With respect to the first goal, we made use of a cognitive simulation model to develop two instructional units. One unit teaches qualitative aspects of cla
Author(s): Ploetzner Rolf,Hoppe Ulrich,Fehse Eric,Nolte Chris

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