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9.2 Background

Bellaby, P. (2003) ‘Communication and miscommunication of risk: understanding UK parents' attitudes to combined MMR vaccination’, British Medical Journal, 327, 27 September 2003, pp. 725–28. Reproduced by permission from the BMJ Publishing Group; Mary Evans Picture Library Ltd; P A Photos.

In 1998 Wakefield was the first to make the claim that autism and the MMR vaccine are linked.1 It is based on a dozen clinical cases of gastrointestinal disorders with w
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The Giants of Philosophy - Arthur Schopenhauer - 13/18
'Arthur Schopenhauer (22 February 1788 – 21 September 1860) was a German philosopher known for his atheistic pessimism and philosophical clarity' (Arthur Schopenhauer, Wikipedia, 2009). He was influenced by Plato and Kant, and he, in turn, inlfuenced Einstein, Freud, and Jung among others. Suitable for high school students. Video consists of one still image and narration.
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1.5 Differing perspectives

Closely related to representation of religion is the recurring issue of differing perspectives. In talking about perspectives here, we are thinking about how we look at something. We rarely approach anything neutrally – either consciously or subconsciously we tend to adopt a particular perspective – and how we look at something affects what we see. Whenever we make assumptions, we impose them on events, phenomena and other people. This is as true for scholars examining religion as
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4.3 Responses to religion

Reasoned responses to religion could take many forms. It was rare for writers to profess outright atheism; even in those cases where we may suspect authors of holding this view, censorship laws made their public expression unlawful. These laws were particularly stringent in France. In many cases reasoned critique was applied to the practices of institutional religion, such as the corruption of the clergy or the rituals of worship, rather than to more fundamental matters of doctrine or faith.
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Summary of Section 3

  1. Watson–Crick base pairing arises due to hydrogen bonding between A and T and G and C and spatial limitations within the hydrophobic core of the helix.

  2. DNA commonly folds into the B-form helix; other forms such as Z-DNA form in vitro. A-form helices are formed primarily by duplex RNA.

  3. The twisting of DNA around its helical axis results in torsional stresses that promote the formation of high-energy alternative confo
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Virtual Maths, Brick Density, Water Displacement method video
Video demonstrating how to measure the density of a brick using the water displacement method.
Author(s): Leeds Metropolitan University

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TALAT Lecture 2102.04: A Compressed Air Tank for a Lorry, Special Studies: Rolling, Deep-Drawing and
This lecture offers an example of product development. It imparts knowledge about rolling aluminium; deep-drawing aluminium; welding aluminium (MIG and TIG) and?choice of alloy - rolling/deep-drawing/welding. It provides insight into how to develop a product using the general specifications and the interaction between form, material and processing chain; the importance of being thoroughly familiar with the different design materials, their processing possibilities and properties. The lecture is
Author(s): TALAT,Åke Karlsson, Gränges Technology Service (

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5.5 Copyright - what you need to know

An original piece of work, whether it is text, music, pictures, sound recordings, web pages, etc., is protected by copyright law and may often have an accompanying symbol (©) and/or legal statement. In the UK it is the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 which regulates this.

In most circumstances, works protected by copyright can be used in whole or in part only with the permission of the owner. In some cases this permission results in a fee.

However, the UK legislation incl
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3.3 What were the fundamental human rights which required protection?

Earlier in this course you explored why certain rights were considered to be basic human rights. These can be described as those rights of individuals or groups relating to human dignity and fundamental freedoms, which require legal protection from adverse interference by the state, where those rights derive from the fact of being human. Such rights can be traced back to two aspects of international law, namely customary international law and treaty law. The former derives from the customs ad
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Keep on learning

Study another free course

There are more than 800 courses on OpenLearn for you to choose from on
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Learning space evaluation
The subject of physical learning space has in recent years become increasingly complex This reflection examines what evidence exists in this area
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6.2 Turning the spotlight on your work

Having established some general principles, try now to subject your own work to the same scrutiny.

Activity 14

Take one of your most recent essays or reports and ask yourself, ‘What does it look like?’ That is, d
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Exploring babies' and young children's development and learning
A short introduction to this album
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Keep on learning

Study another free course

There are more than 800 courses on OpenLearn for you to c
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Sustainable Tourism Certification
A lecture on sustainable tourism
Author(s): Xavier Font,Leeds Metropolitan University

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Conclusion

This free course provided an introduction to studying Environment & Development. It took you through a series of exercises designed to develop your approach to study and learning at a distance, and helped to improve your confidence as an independent learner.


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Faculty of Law: The Evolution of International Law: Challenges and Prospects
James and Jean Davis Prestige Visiting Fellow, Professor Don McRae C.C delivers a public lecture on 'The Evolution of International Law: Challenges and Prospects'. The lecture focuses on the changes that have occurred in the field of international law over the past 50 years, and the challenges that these developments pose for both the theory and practice of international law including its legitimacy.
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Langsam gesprochene Nachrichten – 18.01.2011
Trainieren Sie Ihr Hörverstehen mit authentischen Materialien. Nutzen Sie die Nachrichten der Deutschen Welle von Dienstag – als Text und als verständlich gesprochene Audio-Datei. TUNIS: Nach dem Sturz des tunesischen Präsidenten Ben Ali hat die neue Übergangsregierung ihre Arbeit aufgenommen. An ihr ist erstmals seit der Unabhängigkeit des Landes im Jahr 1956 die Opposition beteiligt. Drei prominente frühere Regimekritiker übernehmen Ministerposten. Allerdings werden die Schlüsselmini
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4.2 Circles

Recall that a circle in 2 is the set of points (x, y) that lie at a fixed distance, called the radius, from a fixed point, called the centre of the circle. We can use the techniques of coor
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Misbehaving: the making of behavioural economics [Audio]
Speaker(s): Professor Richard H Thaler | Richard Thaler, described by The Spectator as ‘the godfather of behavioural economics’, will be in conversation with LSE Director Craig Calhoun about his book Misbehaving, an authoritative and entertaining history of behavioural economics. Richard Thaler has spent his career studying the radical notion that the central agents in the economy are humans—predictable, error-prone individuals. Traditional economics assumes rational actors. Early in his r
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