TALAT Lecture 3204: The Freezing of Castings
This lecture provides an introduction to solidification theory; it aims at achieving an essential background understanding of solidification and cast structures. Basic knowledge of the solidification of metals is assumed.
TALAT Lecture 2110.02: Product information structure, business concept and LCA
This lecture gives a brief introduction to the product information structure, a sustainable business concept and Life Cycle; it presents the product and process "Generic Code" - the chromosomes; it generates interest about the concept of "Know Your Product", "Life Cycle Logistics", "Universal Virtues" and "Material/Component Hierarchical Structure" and their use creating a sustainable business concept; it imparts knowledge about Life Cycle Assessment. Some familiarity with QFD (Quality Functions
TALAT Lecture 3208: The Finishing of Castings
This lecture provides an introduction to some of the finer points in the production of high quality castings. The students will be able to understand the various processes for sealing porosity in badly made castings and to appreciate factors influencing the accuracy of castings, including a basic understanding of how to control and measure casting dimensions. Basic understanding of the foundry industry is assumed.
TALAT Lecture 3201: Introduction to Casting Technology
This lecture provides an introduction to the techniques used to produce castings and to the range of castings produced; it aims at gaining an appreciation of the production and application of castings.
TALAT Lecture 1201: Introduction to Aluminium as an Engineering Material
This lecture provides an introduction to metallurgical concepts necessary to understand how structural features of aluminium alloys are influenced by alloy composition, processing and heat treatment, and the basic affects of these parameters on the mechanical properties, and hence engineering applications, of the alloys. It is assumed that the reader has some elementary knowledge of physics, chemistry and mathematics.
TALAT Lecture 3207: Solidification Defects in Castings
This lecture provides an introduction to the causes and remedies of the main solidification defects in castings. The students should be able to diagnose the major defects in castings and propose methods of preventing them. Basic knowledge of physics and foundry practice is assumed.
Cavity formation in a tensile loaded alumina particulate composite
Horizontal stringers of fine oxide particles can be seen, parallel to the extrusion direction (horizontal). Under the tensile load, voids have nucleated at the interface between the matrix and the reinforcement particles, and some particle fracture has also occurred. Most voids form on planar faces normal to the tensile load (horizontal), and particularly where stringers of fine oxide particles also intersect the interface. These stringers provide interfacial flaws which may then be preferential
Fracture surface in a liquid crystalline polymer, oriented by a magnetic field
Above their melting point, liquid crystalline polymers exhibit a mesophase within which, although able to flow and are not arranged in a crystal, they exhibit long range orientational order. This molecular alignment can be exploited to make high strength and stiffness fibres such as Kevlar, or even mouldable thermotropics such as Vectra. Molecular alignment can also be controlled by an external applied field; a property exploited in liquid crystal displays. This polymer has been subjected to a m
Ni-Superalloy, exposed microstructure
Following exposure at temperature typical of that found in the modern gas turbine engine, there exist two white phases, one with intergranular distribution and the other smaller particles, apparently randomly distributed. The larger semi-continuous intergranular phase is likely to be either the M23C6 carbide or the deleterious TCP phase, σ. Previous work has concluded that this phase is indeed σ, which is detrimental to mechanical strength, in particular creep life by embrittlement of the grai
The grain structure of extruded aluminium
The extrusion process leads to the elongation of grains. This micrograph shows a longitudinal section with the extrusion direction lying horizontal. Some large subgrains (or groups of subgrains) are apparent, and some high angle boundary migration has occurred normal to the extrusion direction. Grains near the extrudate centre have a lower aspect ratio.
Fe, C 0.8 (wt%) steel, eutectoid transformation, spheroidised
This steel is of the eutectoid composition. Once the temperature is lowered below the eutectoid temperature, the austenite phase tends to undergo a eutectoid transformation (γ to α + Fe3C). The resultant microstructure, known as pearlite, comprises alternate lamellae of cementite and ferrite. Subsequent to casting, the alloy was normalised (annealed) just below the eutectoid temperature, in order to induce the carbides to take a spherical appearance, which results in the steel becoming softer
Slip by dislocation glide
Animation of slip by dislocation glide. Dislocation glide allows plastic deformation to occur at a much lower stress than would be required to move a whole plane of atoms past another. See also the bubble raft experiment (videos 17 and 18). From TLP: Introduction to dislocations, http://www.msm.cam.ac.uk/doitpoms/tlplib/dislocations/dislocation_glide.php
Anisotropic dielectric permittivity: tetragonal-cubic phase transition in barium titanate
A thin section of barium titanate is viewed between crossed-polars, Initially, the sample is below the transition temperature, and since the domains of the anisotropic tetragonal phase exhibit birefringence, it is brightly coloured when viewed between crossed-polars. When the sample reaches the transition temperature, the isotropic cubic phase forms, which appears black. From TLP: Introduction to Anisotropy, http://www.msm.cam.ac.uk/doitpoms/tlplib/anisotropy/dielectric.php
Anisotropic thermal conductivity in quartz: parallel to c-axis section
A section of quartz cut parallel to the c-axis being heated from a point at its centre. An ellipse shows that the thermal conductivity in this plane is direction-dependent. From TLP: Introduction to Anisotropy, http://www.msm.cam.ac.uk/doitpoms/tlplib/anisotropy/thermal.php
Maritime Transportation, Chemistry and Oil
These files outline a general introduction to a joint view of maritime transportation, chemistry and crude oil and petroleum products. They include study material and self evaluation tests, which could be covered in 35 hours. This material is suitable for 1st year undergraduate students enrolled in Nautical or Maritime Engineering Studies, and also for a general audience.
The Changing Workplace
The 20th century ushered in a change from handcrafting to machine tooling. Henry Ford introduced one of the first moving assembly lines as a way to turn out more cars more quickly, and the emerging auto industry popularized this mode. A photo of the Doble Steam Motors Corporation factory shows a line of workers and car chassis in production. This new technology, and the spread of industrialization, changed forever the way that work was completed. A wide variety of industries all across the count
International Classification of Function, Disability and Health
This package was originally designed for undergraduates in Medicine at the University of Nottingham. It will also be useful to students in nursing, allied health professions and pharmacy. Practitioners in these fields, who are new to the ICF, will also find it a useful introduction. It describes the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), a classification system published by the World Health Organisation to describe health status. This system is widely used in r
Researching solutions to global water shortages
Director of the University of Nottingham’s Centre for Clean Water Technologies. Making sure the world’s population has enough drinking water is one of the biggest challenges we face today. A rapidly increasing global population, the fact that only a very small percentage of global water is available for consumption and an uneven global distribution of clean drinking water are the main problems in regard to the current global water crisis. Professor Hilal discusses these problems and some of
Learning Objectives for Introductory Statistics
This text document lists detailed learning objectives for introductory statistics courses. Learning objectives are brief, clear statements of what learners will be able to perform at the end of a course.
Delamination cracks in h-BN particles.
h-BN particles were subjected to compressive stress in the (0001) planes (within a silicon nitride particulate-reinforced silicon carbide composite). The occurrence of BN inclusions results from the introduction of colloidal BN into the hot isostatic pressing process. They are formed from B2O3 present as a thin surface film on the BN particles in the barrier layer. B2O3 will be molten during the pressing process and will diffuse rapidly into the powder compact and react with Si3N4 to form BN. Su