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The Model of Collaborative Learning GRID to activate interactivity for Knowledge Building
The purpose of this study is to support the learning activity in the Internet learning space. In this paper, we examine the GRID technology as the knowledge management for supporting "collaborative learning" / " collaboration in learning" (CL). RAPSODY-EX (REX) is a distributed learning support environment organized as a learning infrastructure. REX can effectively carry out to support collaborative activities in asynchronous/ synchronous learning mode. The mixed distributed learning environme
Author(s): Okamoto Toshio,Kayama Mizue

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Globally Collaborative Environmental Peace Gaming with Global University System
Globally Collaborative Environmental Peace Gaming (GCEPG) with a globally distributed computer simulation system, focusing on the issue of environment and sustainable development in developing countries, is to train would-be decision makers in crisis management, conflict resolution, and negotiation techniques basing on "facts and figures." To realize this, I worked on the proliferations of data telecom infrastructure and email to various countries, and demonstration and testing of hybrid techno
Author(s): Utsumi Takeshi

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Quality of Service Requirements for the e-Learning Grid
In the same way that the Web has evolved from being a technology designed to aid scientific collaboration to one which is employed extensively in e-business and increasingly in e-learning, the Grid is also evolving from its original concept as a highly distributed dynamic source of computing resources "on tap", like the power grid, for e-science, to a means of supporting enterprise computing across heterogeneous, distributed, virtual organisations. However, even the most recent ideas associated
Author(s): Allison Collin

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Shaping e-Learning Applications for a Service Oriented GriD
The paper discusses technical issues related to establishment of e-learning services on a grid. The XML based technology for implementation of e_learning application in the form of web service is analyzed from the perspective of making an application grid-aware. The special e_learning repository service is proposed as a technique for coordinated use of distributed e_learning resources through the access and invocation of web services.
Author(s): Reklaitis Vytautas,Baniulis Kazys,Okamoto Toshio

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Domain Modelling To Support Educational Web-based authoring
This paper describes an approach to web-based authoring of educational material. We define a model for the class of subjects of our interest (those including both theoretical and practical issues). From this model, specific content outlines can be derived as subclasses and then instanced into actual domains. The last step consists in generating interactive documents, which use the instanced domain. Students can explore these documents through a web browser. Thus, an interactive learning scenario
Author(s): Mayorga José Ignacio,Verdejo Maria Felisa,Rodríg

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PDAs and Handhelds: ICT at your side and not in your face
This paper stems from a trial at the Graduate School of Education in the University of Bristol supported by the Training and Development Agency for Schools (TDA) and set up to evaluate the potential of personal digital assistants with internet access to support initial teacher training (ITT) students in science. Fourteen students were given PDAs selected to represent the range of then currently available PDAs with mobile phone connectivity in the UK. As a result the following areas were identifi
Author(s): Wishart Jocelyn,Ramsden Andy,McFarlane Angela

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A model for negotiation in teaching-learning dialogues
Despite the fact that a number of researchers from a wide variety of theoretical perspectives have claimed that negotiation in dialogue is fundamental in learning, little research has been based on a precise notion of what negotiation is and how it relates to learning. This paper describes a model for negotiation, based on analysis of teacher-student and learner-learner dialogues. After discussion of illustrative examples and review of related research, negotiations are defined in terms of four
Author(s): Baker Michael J.

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Towards a narrative-oriented framework for designing mathematical learning
This paper proposes a narrative-oriented approach to the design of educational activities, as well as a CSCL system to support them, in the context of learning mathematics. Both Mathematics and interface design seem unrelated to narrative. Mathematical language, as we know it, is devoid of time and person. Computer interfaces are static and non-linear. Yet, as Bruner (1986; 1990) and others show, narrative is a powerful cognitive and epistemological tool. The questions we wish to explore are –
Author(s): Mor Yishay,Noss Richard

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Learning Content and Interoperability
In the era of Internet and new information and communication technologies one of the most important things is appropriate use of technologies in order to achieve desired results. In present paper, they are compared two case studies – on one hand there they are presented research results about interoperability in two open-source learning environments developed in Sofia University, Bulgaria and, on other hand, there are given results from “South West Wales Interoperability Project”, sponsore
Author(s): Aleksieva Adelina,Petrov Milen,Bontchev Boyan

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Managing complexity of e-learning administration in ARCADE
ARCADE (Architecture for Reusable Courseware Authoring and DElivery) is a Webbased e-learning platform specially targeted to the needs of distant education in universities and schools. This paper presents ARCADE in two aspects: as a system for distance learning and as a virtual university. The authors put accent on the way of organization of the education process as a whole while showing the power of the ARCADE platform. Moreover, there is discussed in details the administration of courses and s
Author(s): Aleksieva Adelina,Petrov Milen,Bontchev Boyan

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A note on organizational learning and knowledge sharing in the context of communities of practice
The knowledge management (KM) literature emphasizes the impact of human factors forsuccessful implementation of KM within the organization. Isolated initiatives for promoting learning organization and team collaboration, without taking consideration of the knowledge sharing limitations and constraints can defeat further development of KM culture. As an effective instrument for knowledge sharing, communities of practice (CoP) are appearing to overcome these constraints and to foster human collabo
Author(s): Antonova Albena,Gurova Elisaveta

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Vers une approche déclarative pour les logiciels de dessins géométriques
Cet article est consacré à la conception d'un environnement d'apprentissage de la géométrie orienté vers la manipulation directe de figures géométriques. À travers deux exemples d'activités, proposées en classe, on distingue les notions de construction géométriques, de spécification, et de manipulation directe. Dans le cadre ainsi défini, nous présentons notre approche. Elle consiste à intégrer des mécanismes et la méthodologie de l'intelligence artificielle dans un logic
Author(s): Bouhineau Denis

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An Evolutionary Approach to Prototyping Pedagogical Agents: From Simulation to Integrated System
We have developed and integrated software agents with two educational groupware systems (TeamWave Workplace and FLE), using evolutionary prototyping and empiricalbased design as development techniques. The resulting prototypes of pedagogical agents (CoPAS, SA-Agent and RuleEditor) provide learners and teachers with increasingly domain-specific support for distributed collaborative learning activities. Employing the evolutionary approach has enabled us to build and evaluate early prototypes of co
Author(s): Mørch Anders I.,Dolonen Jan A.,Nævdal Jan Eirik

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Didactical complexity of computational environments for the learning of mathematics
How a microworld is used by students is crucially influenced by the teacher, who has the responsibility of organising the classroom setting in which learning takes place. For this reason this paper focuses on the teacher as a manager of the learning situation, in relation to the students’ construction of meaning. A model of teaching which takes into account interactions between teacher, students and computer is outlined. Although the focus of this paper will be on the teacher, the teacher w
Author(s): Sutherland Rosamund,Balacheff Nicolas

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Interdisciplinary approach for the design of a learning environment
This paper presents our interdisciplinary approach for the design of a technology-based learning environment for orthopaedic surgery. We present how the didactical analysis of teaching and learning in workplace gives a framework to build the computational representation of knowledge. This analysis is shown within the context of the apprenticeship of concepts of anatomy and orthopaedic surgery.
Author(s): Vadcard Lucile,Luengo Vanda

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Internal and external cooperation scripts in web-based collaborative inquiry learning
Cooperation scripts are a powerful means to improve collaborative learning. Scripts can be designed to support argumentative knowledge construction. However, not only externally induced cooperation scripts but also the learners’ internal scripts on argumentative knowledge construction influence argumentative processes and what kind of knowledge is acquired during collaboration. In this study, 98 students (49 dyads) of two German secondary schools participated. We implemented two versions (high
Author(s): Kollar Ingo,Fischer Frank

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Socioemotional orientation as a mediating variable in teaching learning interaction: Implications fo
In this paper we argue that many of the design decisions of modern pedagogical solutions are made unconsciously without articulated view of the issues being addressed by the complex relationship of student’s social, emotional and motivational interpretations in learning. We present a theoretical framework for analysing them and discuss of the two empirical experiments, where individual students’ social and motivational interpretations were analyzed in a cognitive apprenticeship based technol
Author(s): Järvelä Sanna,Lehtinen Erno,Salonen Pekka

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Livre blanc sur les standards du e-learning
L’article suivant propose un tour d’horizon sur les différents standards émergents du secteur de l’eLearning. Comme toute nouvelle technologie, l’eLearning et ses différentes fonctionnalités doivent pouvoir disposer d’un schéma de référence standard. L’existence d’un tel standard est indispensable au développement d’une nouvelle technologie, en le sens qu’il permet l’interopérabilité de ressources vouées autrement à être incompatibles. L’interopérabilité est
Author(s): Fernandes Emmanuel,Dunand Nicolas,Spang Bovey Nadi

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Over-scripting CSCL: The risks of blending collaborative learning with instructional design.
Free collaboration does not systematically produce learning. One way to enhance the effectiveness of collaborative learning is to structure interactions by engaging students in well-defined scripts. A collaboration script is a set of instructions prescribing how students should form groups, how they should interact and collaborate and how they should solve the problem. In computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL), the script is reified in the interface of the learning environment. This co
Author(s): Dillenbourg Pierre

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Computer Assisted Learning for Bases of Electronics. From LAN to Hypermedia Implementation
This paper presents the implementation of a Computer Assisted Learning system, from Local Area Networks to Hypermedia environment. The user Professor is endowed with authoring support for tutorials and multiple-choice tests, with knowledge data-bases managing facilities and with access to complete records of students results. The user Student can attend a tutorial or take a test on a self-initiative base or during a session managed interactively by the Professor. The LAN system, implemented in C
Author(s): Topa Marina Dana,Festila Lelia,Burian Adrian,Neag

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