SCORM and the Learning Grid
The Sharable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM) is a profile of several elearning specification to ensure the reusability and interoperability of elearning content in web based Learning Management Systems (LMSs). Learning grids - learning environments built on the technology of grid services - are a promising new approach to enhance quality of elearning by overcoming the page oriented structure of the web. This paper investigates how SCORM can be used in conjunction with learning grids. Aft
Metacognition in joint discussion: an analysis of the patterns of interaction and the metacognitive
The aim of this study was to examine metacognition in computer-supported collaborative problem solving. The subjects of the study were 13-year-old Finnish secondary school students (N=16). The Knowledge Forum learning environment was used to support student pairs’ problem-solving task involving polygons in a geometry course. The data consist of the student pairs’ posted computer notes (n=95). To examine metacognition in a social context in the networked discussions, the features and patterns
Sustaining Interaction in a Mathematical Community of Practice
This paper focuses on an activity in which students explore sequences through a game, using ToonTalk programming and a web-based collaboration system. Our analytical framework combines theory of communities of practice with domain epistemology. We note three factors which influence the length and quality of interactions: facilitation, reciprocation and audience-awareness.
This illustrated essay from the NOVA Web site answers questions about irregularities in the tides.
A Mule Spinner Tells the U.S. Senate about Late 19th century Unemployment
Fall River, Massachusetts, mill worker Thomas O'Donnell (who had immigrated to the U.S. from England eleven years earlier) appeared before the U.S. Senate Committee on Education and Labor on October 18, 1883, to answer the panel's questions about working-class economic conditions. An unemployed mule spinner for more than half of the year, he described the introduction of new production methods at the Fall River, Massachusetts, textile factory where he worked as a mule spinner (a worker who tende
Newton's Third Law of Motion: Astronauts in Outer Space
In this video segment adapted from NOVA, NASA learns hard lessons from the first American attempt to do work while "walking" in space. The video also explores Newton's third law of motion.
Semantic annotation for the teacher: models for a computerized memory tool
This article aims to propose a model of semantic annotation dedicated to the teacher. This model must adapt to the teacher’s activity specificity, who needs to master both a pedagogical and domain expertise. In this paper, we analyze the particularity of the teacher’s annotation language that enables the teacher to express his own expertise. First, we identify the concepts of this annotation language used by the community of teachers. Then we propose a conceptual model of this language base
PDAs and Handhelds: ICT at your side and not in your face
This paper stems from a trial at the Graduate School of Education in the University of Bristol supported by the Training and Development Agency for Schools (TDA) and set up to evaluate the potential of personal digital assistants with internet access to support initial teacher training (ITT) students in science. Fourteen students were given PDAs selected to represent the range of then currently available PDAs with mobile phone connectivity in the UK. As a result the following areas were identifi
A model for negotiation in teaching-learning dialogues
Despite the fact that a number of researchers from a wide variety of theoretical perspectives have claimed that negotiation in dialogue is fundamental in learning, little research has been based on a precise notion of what negotiation is and how it relates to learning. This paper describes a model for negotiation, based on analysis of teacher-student and learner-learner dialogues. After discussion of illustrative examples and review of related research, negotiations are defined in terms of four
Managing complexity of e-learning administration in
ARCADE (Architecture for Reusable Courseware Authoring and DElivery) is a Webbased e-learning platform specially targeted to the needs of distant education in universities and schools. This paper presents ARCADE in two aspects: as a system for distance learning and as a virtual university. The authors put accent on the way of organization of the education process as a whole while showing the power of the ARCADE platform. Moreover, there is discussed in details the administration of courses and s
Futurelab: Social software and learning
This report explores the relationship between the emergence of social software and the personalisation of education. It suggests that there is a changing view of what education is for, with an emphasis on the need for young people to develop the skills necessary for today's evolving global knowledge economy. Alongside this development is the rapid growth of social software, characterised as software that supports group interaction, and by combining these two trends there is significant potential
Literature Review in Learning with Tangible Technologies
When we think of digital technologies in schools, we tend to think of computers, keyboards, sometimes laptops, and more recently whiteboards and data projectors. These tools are becoming part of the familiar educational landscape. Outside the walls of the classroom, however, there are significant changes in how we think about digital technologies - or, to be more precise, how we don’t think about them, as they disappear into our clothes, our fridges, our cars and our city streets. This disappe
What is Energy?
With an introduction to the ideas of energy, students discuss specific types of energy and the practical sources of energy. Hands-on activities help them identify types of energy in their surroundings and enhance their understanding of energy.
The Missing Teacher: Contradictions and Conflicts in the Experience of Online Learners
A nationwide Swedish distance education programme, SÄL, was offered to adults with previous higher education studies working as teachers in K-12. A smaller study conducted among this group of students at Göteborg University, Göteborg, revealed concerns regarding teacher performance online. A follow-up and larger study using a questionnaire survey was used to reveal possible conflicts and contradictions in the programme. An analysis suggests that there is a contradiction between how the progra
Generating reports of graphical modelling processes for authoring and presentation
Today's computer supported modelling environments could provide much more information about the users’ actions and problem solving processes than they usually store for later usage. Thus, relevant information about learning processes which could be used for reflection and analysis is lost. This paper describes an approach to tackle this issue by generating “reports”, in the sense of augmented summaries of states and action traces from modelling processes. This approach includes a) gatherin
Analyse de productions d'élèves en électricité en vue de diagnostiquer et de remédier à des co
Nous nous intéressons à la modélisation des connaissances mises en œuvre par l'apprenant en situation d'apprentissage basé sur un micromonde en électricité. Nous cherchons à intégrer un environnement de formulation et un module de diagnostic à un micromonde de circuits électriques. Ce système de diagnostic produira l'information nécessaire pour aider l'enseignant à la compréhension de l'activité d'apprentissage de ses élèves.,Poster, Annexes aux actes de la conférence IC 2006,
Utopian Hope and Apocalyptic Religion
Editor's note: The original event recording started slightly after the beginning of the introduction by Professor Lord Meghnad Desai. Where does the utopian impulse in politics originate, and does it have a future? John Gray argues that though they often claimed to be rooted in a scientific analysis of history and society the revolutionary political movements of the past were informed by a utopian vision which derives from religion. Is the age of secular utopianism over, and if so how will relig
The Psychology of Saving and Investment: Sticky Biases and the Curse of Education
Over three lectures, David Laibson will challenge many standard assumptions in economics and show how a combination of psychology and economics can better predict behaviour. David Laibson is professor of economics at Harvard University.
What have the Romans ever done for us? - Global Europe from a Dutch perspective
Frans Timmermans will address issues of the changing political economy and the role the European Union can play in facing the challenges of today. The soft power of the EU is no longer limited to stabilisation and transformation of societies alone. Europe sets the standard in many fields. Yet, as Frans Timmermans will argue, pursuing the vision of Europe as a model power imposes a growing need for the Union's member states to start thinking and behaving in political terms. Less as a collection o
Keeping Score: new approaches to the standard of living
Measuring social performance is an important task in the social sciences, and the complexity of the problem has given rise to numerous approaches. In this lecture, Professor Steckel will discuss the use of anthropomorphic measures in this field, and explain the advantages of height as a measure of standard of living. Richard H Steckel is SBS Distinguished Professor of Economics, Anthropology and History at Ohio State University. The Space for Thought Lecture series celebrates the completion of t