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The Complexity of Distributed Collaborative Learning: Unit of Analysis
The problem area of this paper is manifested in the new conditions that characterise distributed collaborative learning. The core argument is that distributed collaborative learning implies an interconnected complexity that can only be properly understood by extending the unit of analysis from technology and pedagogy themselves to real-life social contexts in which networked computers are being used. Experiments and small-scale field trials are only steps towards a deeper understanding of how co
Author(s): Fjuk Annita,Ludvigsen Sten

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Learning Objects 3 and Instructional Design
Learning Objects and Instructional Design is focused upon the art and the science of producing learning objects that meet educational standards and needs as well as technological and functional criteria. Written by educators from across the globe, the book emphasizes two critical, strategic factors: 1) form follows function, and 2) learning objects must address the needs and desires of learners within their learning or educational context. The book integrates issues such as multimedia for instru
Author(s): Koohang Alex,Harman Keith

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Advanced Principles of Effective e-Learning
With the global academic community currently focused on student learning outcomes achievement, assessment, and continuous improvement, e-learning strategies provide effective measures than can assist educators and educational administrators in the satisfaction of key objectives. Whether it is creating and incorporating simulations, building courses and curriculum, engaging in virtual team building, managing online programs, concept mapping, developing an electronic portfolio program, creating ac
Author(s): Buzzetto-More Nicole A.

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La natura della mediazione offerta dai sistemi basati su micromondi all’apprendimento della matema
Questo lavoro analizza il ruolo che ambienti basati sull’uso del calcolatore, ed in particolare i micromondi, possono assumere nelle attività di insegnamento e apprendimento di conoscenze matematiche. Il lavoro parte dallo studio di alcuni risultati significativi che si sono avuti in questo campo a livello internazionale. Tale studio viene utilizzato come quadro di riferimento per situare e analizzare una ricerca specifica che abbiamo svolto in questo settore. Tale ricerca riguarda la proge
Author(s): Bottino Rosa Maria,Chiappini Giampaolo

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Mobile Notes: Mobile Devices in Creative Discussions
The trendy notion of “mobile learning” has different connotations: On the one hand, it can be understood as “learning on the move” – often referred to as “learning any time anywhere”. Of course this interpretation relies on specific kinds of technological enabling, but the definition aims at the general setting of learning activities. Particularly, it includes informal learning settings (cf. [1]). A second interpretation sees mobile learning somewhat more pragmatically as learning
Author(s): Bollen Lars,Juarez Guillermo,Hoppe Ulrich

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A Method for Creating Collaborative Mobile Learning Trails
In this paper I report results from recent trials in which students used mobile devices to collaboratively create, edit and share trails. These included 9- to 10-year-olds as well as adult diploma students, in the subject of horticulture in botanic gardens. Findings indicate that a narrow subject focus and a manageable amount of data capture are appropriate in most cases; trails are most effective when framed with structured tasks and a narrow focus. Structure can be introduced through the use o
Author(s): Walker Kevin

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Mind games, reasoning skills, and the primary school curriculum
This paper reports on a pilot research project aimed at helping to develop some strategic and reasoning abilities in primary school pupils by engaging them in educational itineraries based on the use of a number of computer mind games. The paper briefly describes the project's aims and organization, the kind of games used and the working methodology adopted. It then focuses on some of the cognitive abilities activated by the games. Finally, some pedagogical considerations derived from the study
Author(s): Bottino Rosa Maria,Ott Michela

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First Version of the Dynamic Digital Artrefacts
This document is the fourth deliverable of the ReMath project and deals with the first version of the Dynamic Digital Artefacts. The document is divided in two parts; the first one is a description of the work progress for each DDA and the second part is an updated specification of each DDA.,Remath deliverable - report number D4 - 124 pages
Author(s): Nicaud Jean-François,Viudez Christophe

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Designing Assessment Tools in a Service Oriented Architecture
Assessment is an important component of formal learning, and Computer Assisted Assessment (CAA) is a well established component of most online learning. However, technical issues such as interoperability and security, and pedagogic reservations as to its effectiveness still remain barriers to the uptake of CAA. In this paper we examine a number of current assessment projects, predominantly emanating from the UK, to consider how a service oriented architecture can facilitate the implementation o
Author(s): Davies Will M.,Davis Hugh Charles

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The use case specification of actions in the goal oriented knowledge based learning environment
The proposed goal oriented knowledge acquisition and assessment are based on the flexible educational model and allows to implement an adaptive control of the enhanced learning process according to the requirements of student's knowledge level, his state of cognition and subject learning history. The enhanced learner knowledge model specifies how the cognition state of the user will be achieved step by step. The use case actions definition is a starting point of the specification that depends o
Author(s): Baniulis Kazys,Tamulynas Bronius

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Prise en compte du contexte algébrique dans la modélisation des connaissances d’un élève. Le c
Nous nous intéressons à la modélisation des connaissances des élèves dans le domaine de l’algèbre. Notre travail utilise les traces des actions des élèves recueillies dans l’environnement informatique Aplusix. Pour capturer une connaissance, il est essentiel de tenir compte de la persistance et de la stabilité d’une action que ce soit dans la durée ou dans la situation. Cependant, deux actions peuvent paraître, de prime abord, contradictoires. Associées au contexte dans lequel
Author(s): Croset Marie-Caroline

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Virtual Reality for Learning: Sharing Experiences rather than Resources
Virtual Reality is becoming a major candidate for embodying immersive learning environments. Whereas in the two preceding decades learning has been conceptualized as situations where students are guided rather than elicited to undertake actions, it is now the right time to explore the other side or the continuum.
Author(s): Kommers Piet

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Design Considerations for an ELeGI Portal
ELeGI, the European Learning Grid Infrastructure, has the ambitious goal of fostering effective learning and knowledge construction through the dynamic provision of service-based contextualised and personalised learning environments. The success of this venture will depend to a considerable extent on the usability of such environments, and their usability in turn will depend on a successful strategy for the dynamic integration and maintenance of sets of services. The concept of the portal is t
Author(s): Allison Collin,Michaelson Rosa

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Shaping e-Learning Applications for a Service Oriented GriD
The paper discusses technical issues related to establishment of e-learning services on a grid. The XML based technology for implementation of e_learning application in the form of web service is analyzed from the perspective of making an application grid-aware. The special e_learning repository service is proposed as a technique for coordinated use of distributed e_learning resources through the access and invocation of web services.
Author(s): Reklaitis Vytautas,Baniulis Kazys,Okamoto Toshio

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Literature Review in Games and Learning
This review is intended as a timely introduction to current thinking about the role of computer games in supporting children's learning inside and out of school. It highlights the key areas of research in the field, in particular the increasing interest in pleasurable learning, learning through doing and learning through collaboration, that games seem to offer. At the same time, the review takes a measured tone in acknowledging some of the obstacles and challenges to using games within our curre
Author(s): Kirriemuir John,McFarlane Angela

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Towards Collaborative Learning via Shared Artefacts over the Grid
The Web is the most pervasive collaborative technology in widespread use today; and its use to support eLearning has been highly successful. There are many web-based Virtual Learning Environments such as WebCT, FirstClass, and BlackBoard as well as associated web-based Managed Learning Environments. In the future, the Grid promises to provide an extremely powerful infrastructure allowing both learners and teachers to collaborate in various learning contexts and to share learning materials, lea
Author(s): Boldyreff Cornelia,Kyaw Phyo,Lavery Janet,Nutter D

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Analyse de fichiers de traces d'étudiants : aspects didactiques
Users of a learning platforms are usually required to log in, that provides a great deal of data. The general question studied here is: how to exploit this data to help the different actors involved? At first let us introduce the platform and the experiments we conducted. Then we use a didactic model to produce a qualitative analysis from the quantitative data collected. A simple exercise classification emerges from the construction of two indicators. It is consistent with the different experim
Author(s): Vandebrouck Fabrice,Cazes Claire

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Evaluation of ITS Design: The Case of Shiva-géographe
This paper analyses the relationships between a conceptual analysis from the point of view of geographers and the conceptual organisation resulting from the ECAL processing of the implemented specifications of the SHIVA-géographe authors.
Author(s): Balacheff Nicolas,Figue-Henric Lamiel

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PDAs and Handhelds: ICT at your side and not in your face
This paper stems from a trial at the Graduate School of Education in the University of Bristol supported by the Training and Development Agency for Schools (TDA) and set up to evaluate the potential of personal digital assistants with internet access to support initial teacher training (ITT) students in science. Fourteen students were given PDAs selected to represent the range of then currently available PDAs with mobile phone connectivity in the UK. As a result the following areas were identifi
Author(s): Wishart Jocelyn,Ramsden Andy,McFarlane Angela

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A computer program for the learning of algebra: description and first experiment
We present APLUSIX, a computer system that helps students to learn algebra, available at http://aplusix.imag.fr. APLUSIX contains an advanced 2D editor of algebraic expressions that allows students to make the calculations (s)he wants, like in a paper-pencil context. The system verifies the student's calculations, by calculating the equivalence between two consecutives expressions, and shows the result to the student. It provides information concerning the progress of the resolution. Furthermore
Author(s): Nicaud Jean-François,Bouhineau Denis,Chaachoua Ha

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