Hot or Not
Students learn the purpose of a fever in the body’s immune system and how it protects the body against germs. The students continue to explore temperature by creating a model thermometer and completing a temperature conversion worksheet. They come to see how engineers are involved in designing helpful medical instruments such as thermometers.
Teaching Expertise is at The Core of ITS Research
To design efficient, flexible and user-adaptable learning environments, we need to embed a great deal of knowledge into them. This paper emphasises the teacher's knowledge, which encompasses all the expertise of the teacher or of the trainer. Thus it is broader than that which is usually called tutoring knowledge. We start with a description of several facets of teaching expertise and of various implementations that have been described in the ITS literature. Then we describe in more detail some
Towards a semantic learning model fostering learning object reusability
We try in this paper to propose a domain model for both author's and learner's needs concerning learning objects reuse. First of all, we present four key criteria for an efficient authoring tool: adaptive level of granularity, flexibility, integration and interoperability. Secondly, we introduce and describe our six-level Semantic Learning Model (SLM) designed to facilitate multi-level reuse of learning materials and search by defining a multi-layer model for metadata. Finally, after mapping dif
La evaluación social e individual en la era de la educación a distancia en la globalización
En la globalización tan ampliamente fomentada, especialmente por la educación a distancia, debemos cuestionarnos sobre los valores que vivimos en nuestras culturas locales. La evaluación que instauramos dentro de nuestros cursos puede también convertirse en otro mecanismo de homogenización. Para contrarrestar estas desventajas y poder construir juntos sociedades distintas pero solidarias, propongo un análisis de la evaluación como vehículo ideológico de perpetuación de la distribución
Quelques méthodes d'intelligence artificielle pour la modélisation de l'élève
This paper presents some of the artificial intelligence techniques which have been used for student modeling : planning, machine learning, diagnosis and belief revision. Each technique is brie y described, then its application to student modeling is presented and illustrated by a few examples. The advantages and drawbacks of these methods are discussed. We end this survey with some directions for further researches.
Instructional Engineering for Learning Objects Repository Networks
Knowledge management in organizations, the learning objects paradigm and the advent of a new Web generation, the "Semantic Web", are major actual trends that reveal a new potential for a renewed distance learning pedagogy, but at a certain number of conditions. The first and foremost is the use of education modeling languages and instructional engineering methods to help decide how to assemble learning objects in meaningful learning and knowledge management environment. This article proposes a s
Learning Object-Oriented Programming
Loud discussions concerning various ways of teaching object-orientation have taken place without much empirical evidence for any position. This paper reports qualitative observations of learning of object-ori-ented programming in an introductory course. The students were found to cope reasonably well with the object-oriented concepts, and they had learnt procedural programming first. However, they modeled the real world domain to be represented in the program by imagination and through coding. T
Exploiting distance technology to foster experimental design as a neglected learning objective in la
This article deals with the design process of a remote laboratory for labwork in chemistry. In particular, it focuses on the mutual dependency of theoretical conjectures about learning in the experimental sciences and technological opportunities in creating learning environments. The design process involves a detailed analysis of the expert task and knowledge, e.g., spectrophotometry as a method for the determination of the concentration of a compound in a solution. In so doing, modifications in
Mediating effects of active and distributed instruments on narrative activities
This paper discusses the effects of introducing new distributed and active instruments on narrative activities in a school environment. We address the issue of how the Pogo instruments change children's activity when they invent stories. The results enable us to compare the way the activity is carried out, both in its conventional context and with the Pogo instruments, mainly along three main lines of investigation: the collective dimension, the use of space and the structure of the narrative. T
Usage Analysis Driven by Models in a Pedagogical Context
In the context of distance learning and teaching, the re-engineering process needs a feedback on the learners' usage of the learning system. The feedback is given by interviews, questionnaires, but in the majority of systems, it is given by log files. We consider that it is important to interpret tracks in order to compare the designer's intentions with the learners' activities during a session. In this paper, we present the usage tracking language – UTL. This language was designed to be gener
Windmill of Your Mind — Distributed Energy Goes to School
Students research the feasibility of installing a wind-turbine distributed energy (DE) system for their school. They write a proposal (actually, the executive summary of a proposal) to the school principal based on their findings and recommendations. While this activity is geared towards fifth-grade and older students, and Internet research capabilities are required, some portions of this activity may be appropriate for younger students.
State of the art on Interaction and Collaboration Analysis
The document focuses on students-machine or students-students' interactions analysis that could support students & teachers, when students work in stand-alone mode or in collaborative technology based learning environments. The document concerns the State of the art on the interaction analysis dimensions and approaches that are already applied. The appropriateness of these approaches is related to the learning environments features, the user's profile, the learning activities, and the context of
Lake Level Changes in the Arid West
In this lab, students use STELLA modeling software to see what combinations of runoff and evaporation might have led to Pleistocene lake level oscillations. This exercise is designed to explore the impact of changes in climate on the level of lakes in the Owens River system, but it can be adapted to other areas. Learning goals, context for use, teaching tips, materials, assessment tips and related resources are provided.
Panel Discussion on Judicial Biography
Legal biographies and autobiographies are a rich and important source of information about the legal system, statute law and the legal profession. Lisa Jardine is centenary professor of renaissance studies at Queen Mary, University of London. Nicola Lacey is professor of criminal law at LSE. Neil Duxbury is professor of law at Manchester University. Geoffrey Lewis is author of the biographies of Lord Aitkin and Lord Hailsham.
Are Solicitors' Lives Necessarily Boring?
Legal biographies and autobiographies are a rich and important source of information about the legal system, statute law and the legal profession. Stephen Cretney is an emeritus fellow at All Souls College, Oxford.
The Nuts and Bolts of Empire
All great empires have required a sophisticated logistical system, and a secure communications system to sustain themselves. In a world of endless challenges imperial ambitions soon collapse. This lecture will examine the hard, infrastructural underpinnings of the Roman, Spanish and British Empires, and reflect on how the USA compares in this regard. Paul Kennedy is J Richardson Dilworth Professor of History at Yale University and Philippe Roman Chair in History and International Affairs at LSE.
Global Financial Regulation: The Essential Guide
As international financial markets have become more complex, so has the regulatory system which oversees them. The Basel Committee is just one of a plethora of international bodies and groupings which now set standards for financial activity around the world, in the interests of investor protection and financial stability. These groupings, and their decisions, have a major impact on markets in developed and developing countries, and on competition between financial firms. Yet their workings are
The China Challenge as Myth and Reality
Few countries have experienced changes as dramatic as did China in the past century - and the past quarter century in particular. From a "revolutionary country" to a "status quo power," and from an "outsider" to an "insider" of the existing international system, the realities of the grand transformation in China's state, society and international outlook have often been obscured by all kinds of myths. For the purpose of highlighting the realities and deconstructing the myths, Professor Chen disc
Majority Judgement: a completely new voting system. Part Three - Majority Judgement Compared with Ot
Balinski argues that, although the new Majority Judgement voting system is not perfect, approval voting fails in theory and practice, and that Majority Judgement is better than Condorcet’s and Borda’s classical proposals, point-summing methods, first-past-the post and others.
Rising Asia in the World Crisis
Asia's rise has brought about profound changes to the international system and the current world crisis presents the continent with both opportunities and challenges. The initiatives and responses by Asian countries, China and India in particular, have the potential to define the world's path of development now and in the future.