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The aims of software criticism: Reply to Professor Papert
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Author(s): Pea Roy D.

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The Collaborative Visualization Project
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Author(s): Pea Roy D.

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Supporting Conceptual Awareness with Pedagogical Agents
This paper describes a series of efforts in building and conceptualizing software agents for distributed collaborative learning. The agents are referred to as pedagogical agents. We have integrated pedagogical agents within two collaborative environments, TeamWave Workplace and Future Learning Environment. The role of agents in these environments differs from past work on software agents in their function as extended awareness mechanisms, focusing on task and concept awareness (conceptual a
Author(s): Mørch Anders,Jondahl Silje,Dolonen Jan A.

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Understanding the task: How is agency distributed between tools, students and teachers in technology
In this paper we explore how students’ agency relates to openness and structure within technology-rich, student-centred learning environments. This is done by analysing how students’ understandings of tasks evolve through their activities in relation to the representations in the learning environments. In our interpretation of the sociocultural approach, we emphasise human activity as mediated by artefacts, where the output of the activity has to be understood by including human action and a
Author(s): Rasmussen Ingvill,Krange Ingeborg,Ludvigsen Sten

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Informatics-based Learning Resources for Patients and their Relatives in recovery
In this paper we describe experiences from design of an informatics-based learning resource for patients and relatives. The prototype, REPARERE (learning REsource for PAtients and RElatives during REcovery), aims to support patients and their family recovering from heart surgery in meeting challenges in to daily living post discharge. Using recovery experiences and patient teaching material, REPARERE includes examples of textual information, video-clips, images and illustrations relevant to th
Author(s): Moen Anne,Smørdal Ole

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Categorisation in Knowledge building
In this paper we explore how students talk and reason when they were exposed to a set of categories taken from scientific discourse. The scientific categories are built into a web-based discussion forum (Fle) as part of a pedagogical and technological design. The scientific categories are based on the concepts of the progressive inquiry model for knowledge building. Socio-cultural theory with a focus on concepts like categories and prompting is our theoretical framework. In the DoCTA NSS proje
Author(s): Ludvigsen Sten,Mørch Anders

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Collaboration and Problem Solving in Distributed Collaborative Learning
Ethnomethodology and Conversation Analysis are utilised as resources for analysing distributed collaborative learning. Thematically we are interested in how a group of students manage their task, how they keep a joint focus, and how technology features in their activity. We present and analyse extracts of data from a group collaborating in a groupware system called TeamWave Workplace. We conclude that in collaborative problem solving the interpretation of the task and the problem solving process
Author(s): Arnseth Hans Christian,Ludvigsen Sten,Wasson Barba

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Learning Objects 4: Applications, Implications, & Future Direction
This is the fourth and final book of this series on Learning Objects (LO). Whereas the first three books were essentially concerned with current developments in the field, this book presents a wide-ranging series of discussions of potential and probable developments in the field. Part I encompasses Chapters 1 through Chapter 5. The focus is upon LO within the context of e-learning and online learning. We realize that our authors (like us) often use the terms "e-learning" and "online learning" in
Author(s): Harman Keith,Koohang Alex

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Learning Objects 2: Standards, Metadata, Repositories, and LCMS
This book is the second in a four-volume series. It builds upon the first volume by taking an extended and in-depth look at theorists' and practitioners' efforts to consolidate current knowledge and praxis. This consolidation centers around conceptual and technological issues related to standards, metadata, repositories, and the concept of the LCMS (Learning Content Management System). Part I contains six chapters that focus upon LO concepts vis-à-vis architecture. A discussion of syntax, seman
Author(s): Harman Keith,Koohang Alex

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L'Algebrista: un manipolatore simbolico elementare
Presentazione di un nuovo software didattico per l’introduzione degli allievi all’algebra. L’idea di base è quella di costruire un micromondo nel quale le attività di manipolazione simbolica corrispondano alle attività di deduzione all’interno di una teoria. L’ipotesi didattica vede tale micromondo come possibile mediatore del significato di teoria ed in particolare di dimostrazione.
Author(s): Cerulli Michele,Mariotti Maria Alessandra

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Calculators, graphs, gestures and the production of meaning
In this paper we report an analysis of a teaching sequence in which Grade 11 students were asked to produce some graphs corresponding to the relationship between time and distance of a cylinder moving up and down an inclined plane. The students were also asked to carry out the experience using a TI 83+ graphic calculator equipped with a sensor, and to discuss and explain the differences between their own graphs and the ones obtained with the calculator. We analyze the students' processes of mea
Author(s): Radford Luis,Demers Serge,Guzmán José,Cerulli Mi

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La natura della mediazione offerta dai sistemi basati su micromondi all’apprendimento della matema
In questo articolo prenderemo in esame il sistema ARI-LAB che abbiamo realizzato per sostenere gli alunni nello sviluppo di capacità nel problem solving aritmetico e cercheremo di descrivere alcune caratteristiche che questo software rende disponibile con il fine di valutarne le potenzialità sul terreno didattico. Nel fare ciò assumeremo due riferimenti: da una parte l'analisi della natura del sapere coinvolto nel problem solving aritmetico, descritta nella prima parte di questo lavoro, dall'
Author(s): Bottino Rosa Maria,Chiappini Giampaolo

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La natura della mediazione offerta dai sistemi basati su micromondi all’apprendimento della matema
Questo lavoro analizza il ruolo che ambienti basati sull’uso del calcolatore, ed in particolare i micromondi, possono assumere nelle attività di insegnamento e apprendimento di conoscenze matematiche. Il lavoro parte dallo studio di alcuni risultati significativi che si sono avuti in questo campo a livello internazionale. Tale studio viene utilizzato come quadro di riferimento per situare e analizzare una ricerca specifica che abbiamo svolto in questo settore. Tale ricerca riguarda la proge
Author(s): Bottino Rosa Maria,Chiappini Giampaolo

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TELMA Cross Experiment Guidelines
This document contains the guidelines developed by members of TELMA as a means for planning, conducting, and analysing a cross experiment aimed at contributing to the construction of a shared research perspective among TELMA teams . This is the product of the PhD students and young researchers that brought forward the whole activity. The actual experimental phase was proceeded by a reflective phase in which an agreement was achieved on what research questions to address during the experiment. O
Author(s): Bouhineau Denis,Cazes Claire,Chaachoua Hamid,Cerul

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14-19 and Digital Technologies: A review of research and projects
The 14-19 debate goes to the heart of a number of core questions: What is education for? Who should benefit? What attributes do we value and need in our young people as workers, as learners? Where does learning happen? What role should young people themselves play in shaping their education? By outlining the key issues in these debates and reviewing the evidence, the authors of this review map out a framework within which we can create a coherent strategy for the design and use of digital techno
Author(s): Davies Chris,Hayward Geoff,Lukman Linariah

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Ontology based user modeling for personalization of grid learning services
The paper shows how semantic grid learning services will support a user-centered, personalized, contextualized and experiential based approach for ubiquitous learning. In order to allow personalized learning processes, we need to study and define methodologies for representing, through adequate knowledge structures, such as ontologies, both the area (the learning context) and the learner. In this paper we will focus on the role of personalized ontologies for a new generation of intelligent serv
Author(s): Gouardères Guy,Conté Emilie,Mansour Saber,Razmer

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The use case specification of actions in the goal oriented knowledge based learning environment
The proposed goal oriented knowledge acquisition and assessment are based on the flexible educational model and allows to implement an adaptive control of the enhanced learning process according to the requirements of student's knowledge level, his state of cognition and subject learning history. The enhanced learner knowledge model specifies how the cognition state of the user will be achieved step by step. The use case actions definition is a starting point of the specification that depends o
Author(s): Baniulis Kazys,Tamulynas Bronius

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Open Learning Service Scenarios on GRIDs
The position paper focuses on the concepts of Service Elicitation and Evaluation/Exploitation Scenarios (SEES) and, in particular, on experimental protocols for justifying, motivating, implementing and exploiting Learning GRID's services for very large numbers of potential users.
Author(s): Cerri Stefano A.

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Literature Review in Science Education and the Role of ICT: Promise, Problems and Future Directions
Today, what "counts" as science and science teaching is in a state of flux. This, however, is not new - for 150 years there have been debates about the purpose, nature and role of science education in our society. Any designer of resources and tools for the teaching of science therefore needs to be able to understand these debates, and to be aware of the origins and reasons for the changes that are currently taking place.,A NESTA Futurelab Research report - report 6
Author(s): Osborne Jonathon,Hennessy Sara

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Categorization of tools and pedagogical approaches related to collaborative learning and CoPs
This deliverable presents a categorization of tools and a clarification of the notion of "scenario". It presents some existing taxonomies. The tools inventory and the proposed categorization focus on a user perspective. It takes into account data collected from CoPs, from PALETTE's partners and from the existing literature.,PALETTE deliverable - report number D.PAR.02 - 155 pages
Author(s): Denis Brigitte,Erpicum Martin,Boukottaya Aida,Dael

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