26JAN2006-Overview of Emotions
Theories of Emotion - Enhanced Podcasts - 26JAN2006-Overview of Emotions - Kent State University > COLLEGES > College of Arts and Sciences > David M. Fresco, Ph.D. > Theories of Emotion (Spring 2007) > Enhanced Podcasts > 26JAN2006-Overview of Emotions
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29JAN2007-Evolution & Emotions
Theories of Emotion - Enhanced Podcasts - 29JAN2007-Evolution & Emotions - Kent State University > COLLEGES > College of Arts and Sciences > David M. Fresco, Ph.D. > Theories of Emotion (Spring 2007) > Enhanced Podcasts > 29JAN2007-Evolution & Emotions
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31JAN2007-Evolution & Emotions
Theories of Emotion - Enhanced Podcasts - 31JAN2007-Evolution & Emotions - Kent State University > COLLEGES > College of Arts and Sciences > David M. Fresco, Ph.D. > Theories of Emotion (Spring 2007) > Enhanced Podcasts > 31JAN2007-Evolution & Emotions
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21FEB2007-Physiology of Emotion
Theories of Emotion - Enhanced Podcasts - 21FEB2007-Physiology of Emotion - Kent State University > COLLEGES > College of Arts and Sciences > David M. Fresco, Ph.D. > Theories of Emotion (Spring 2007) > Enhanced Podcasts > 21FEB2007-Physiology of Emotion
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12MAR2007-Facial Expression
Theories of Emotion - Enhanced Podcasts - 12MAR2007-Facial Expression - Kent State University > COLLEGES > College of Arts and Sciences > David M. Fresco, Ph.D. > Theories of Emotion (Spring 2007) > Enhanced Podcasts > 12MAR2007-Facial Expression
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14MAR2007-Facial Expression
Theories of Emotion - Enhanced Podcasts - 14MAR2007-Facial Expression - Kent State University > COLLEGES > College of Arts and Sciences > David M. Fresco, Ph.D. > Theories of Emotion (Spring 2007) > Enhanced Podcasts > 14MAR2007-Facial Expression
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19MAR2007-Appraisal and Experience of Emotion
Theories of Emotion - Enhanced Podcasts - 19MAR2007-Appraisal and Experience of Emotion - Kent State University > COLLEGES > College of Arts and Sciences > David M. Fresco, Ph.D. > Theories of Emotion (Spring 2007) > Enhanced Podcasts > 19MAR2007-Appraisal and Experience of Emotion
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21MAR2007-Appraisal and Experience of Emotion
Theories of Emotion - Enhanced Podcasts - 21MAR2007-Appraisal and Experience of Emotion - Kent State University > COLLEGES > College of Arts and Sciences > David M. Fresco, Ph.D. > Theories of Emotion (Spring 2007) > Enhanced Podcasts > 21MAR2007-Appraisal and Experience of Emotion
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2APR2007-Appraisal and Experience of Emotion
Theories of Emotion - Enhanced Podcasts - 2APR2007-Appraisal and Experience of Emotion - Kent State University > COLLEGES > College of Arts and Sciences > David M. Fresco, Ph.D. > Theories of Emotion (Spring 2007) > Enhanced Podcasts > 2APR2007-Appraisal and Experience of Emotion
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4APR2007-East Meets West
Theories of Emotion - Enhanced Podcasts - 4APR2007-East Meets West - Kent State University > COLLEGES > College of Arts and Sciences > David M. Fresco, Ph.D. > Theories of Emotion (Spring 2007) > Enhanced Podcasts > 4APR2007-East Meets West
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9APR2007-East Meets West
Theories of Emotion - Enhanced Podcasts - 9APR2007-East Meets West - Kent State University > COLLEGES > College of Arts and Sciences > David M. Fresco, Ph.D. > Theories of Emotion (Spring 2007) > Enhanced Podcasts > 9APR2007-East Meets West
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16APR2007-East Meets West
Theories of Emotion - Enhanced Podcasts - 16APR2007-East Meets West - Kent State University > COLLEGES > College of Arts and Sciences > David M. Fresco, Ph.D. > Theories of Emotion (Spring 2007) > Enhanced Podcasts > 16APR2007-East Meets West
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18APR2007-East Meets West
Theories of Emotion - Enhanced Podcasts - 18APR2007-East Meets West - Kent State University > COLLEGES > College of Arts and Sciences > David M. Fresco, Ph.D. > Theories of Emotion (Spring 2007) > Enhanced Podcasts > 18APR2007-East Meets West
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23APR2007-East Meets West
Theories of Emotion - Enhanced Podcasts - 23APR2007-East Meets West - Kent State University > COLLEGES > College of Arts and Sciences > David M. Fresco, Ph.D. > Theories of Emotion (Spring 2007) > Enhanced Podcasts > 23APR2007-East Meets West
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Understanding the Equity Premium Puzzle
Professor Constantanides is one of the most prominent and creative research scholars in the field of financial economics, in particular of theories of asset and derivatives pricing. He will present theoretical and empirical research on three classes of generalizations of the standard neoclassical model and will discuss their contribution towards a better understanding of equity risk premium.
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Learning outcomes

After studying this unit you should be able to:

  • Demonstrate a critical understanding of the concept of ’ (knowledge and understanding);

  • Engage with and review debates about selected key concepts relevant to the study of families and personal relationships;

  • Identify connections between concepts and the themes they raise for research and for social policy;

  • Understand some of the social processes underlying research around family issue
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    Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence - see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ - Original copyright The Open University

3.2 Negative freedom

The concept of negative freedom centres on freedom from interference. This type of account of freedom is usually put forward in response to the following sort of question:

What is the area within which the subject – a person or group of persons – is or should be left to do or be what he is able to do or be, without interference by other persons?

(Berlin (1969), pp. 121–2; see, p. 155)


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Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence - see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ - Original copyright The Open University

3.4 The misuse of the concept of positive liberty

One of the main claims that Berlin makes in ‘Two Concepts of Liberty’ is a historical one. It is that positive theories of freedom, or perversions of them, have been more frequently used as instruments of oppression than have negative ones. These positive theories typically rely on a split between a ‘higher’ and a ‘lower’ self, or between a ‘rational’ and an ‘empirical’ self as Berlin sometimes puts it. Coercion is justified on the grounds that it
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Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence - see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ - Original copyright The Open University

3.6 Berlin criticised: one concept of freedom?

I've already mentioned that the most important feature of Berlin's article for our purposes is his distinction between negative and positive concepts of freedom: freedom from constraint, and the freedom that results from self-mastery or self-realisation. Most discussion of Berlin's article has also focused on this distinction. Now I want to consider a criticism of the distinction between two types of freedom.

The whole article rests on the assumption that we can make a meaningful distin
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Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence - see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ - Original copyright The Open University

2.2 The origins of a rights discourse
Can the concept of human rights be applied across borders or are rights culturally specific? Is it realistic, or even desirable, to aim at an international system based on universal principles of justice? This unit takes a critical view of the assumption that ‘rights are a good thing’ and looks at the problems that arise when they are applied in the international arena.
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Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see http://www.open.ac.uk/conditions terms and conditions), this content is made available under a http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2