Lecture 22 - 11/12/2010
This course is an introduction to the analysis phase for the design of compilers.
Students' performance and satisfaction with Web vs. paper-based practice quizzes and lecture notes
The use of computers to deliver course-related materials is rapidly expanding in most universities. Yet the effects of computer vs. printed delivery modes on students' performance and motivation are not yet fully known. We compared the impacts of Web vs. paper to deliver practice quizzes that require information search in lecture notes. Hundred and twenty two undergraduate students used either a web site or printed documents to answer 18 mathematics questions during a tutored session. A revised
Learning Individuals and Learning Communities: Informal Learning in 2025
This Paper presents the Learnovation vision within and around the area of informal learning, and more specifically it concerns three eLearning territories: individual development through e-Learning, nonprofessional learning communities, and communities generating learning as side effect. What these three territories have in common is that learning is not organised or structured, nor necessarily intentional from the learners perspective. A key assumption to understand the Learnovation Visio
You've Got to See It to Believe It!
Students develop an understanding of visible air pollutants with an incomplete combustion demonstration, a "smog in a jar" demonstration, building simple particulate matter collectors, and exploration of engineering roles related to air pollution. In an associated literacy activity, students learn basic marketing concepts and techniques, and the principles of comparative analysis, while creating an advertisement for a hybrid vehicle. Note: You may want to set up the activities for Air Pollution
Pervasive and Personal Learning Environments
This position paper provides some elements about the convergence of institutional and personal learning environments based on Web 2.0 as well as pervasive learning.
J. D. Salinger’s Characters as Existential Heroes: Encountering 1950s America
This dissertation will analyze Salinger’s three main protagonists, Holden Caulfield, Sergeant X, and Seymour Glass, who could not endure the pain of living a spiritual life in America and achieved symbolic or physical death at the end of their stories. It will challenge existential critic William Wiegand, who uses Kierkegaard’s concept of “Angst.” This dissertation acknowledges Wiegand’s use of the concept of “Angst,” but it opposes his conclusion because it is not acceptable from
Intimate Partner Violence on Campus: A Test of Social Learning Theory
The current study sought to examine the theoretical field of intimate partner and domestic violence research. The research focused on integrated social learning, power-control, and fundamental components of intergenerational transmission and male-support theories. The use of the Conflict Tactic Scale (CTS 2), Seller’s (2003) social learning subscale, and a combination of measures of power-control theory were used to determine the relative strength of learning, power, and male social networks i
A Study of the Response to Accountability and Standardized Testing in a State University System: Pre
This study was an investigation of the perceptions of university certification officers in teacher education in a state university system regarding university responses to accountability, standardized testing, predictive models, gatekeeping, and intervention strategies, and incorporates the issues of social justice and ethics. This study also includes the development of a predictive model to predict results on the Praxis II Elementary Education: Curriculum Instruction and Assessment (ELED:CIA) t
Empowering Female Inmates: An Exploratory Study of a Prison Therapeutic Community and Its Impact on
Over the past twenty years, the number of female inmates incarcerated for drug offenses has dramatically increased. This surge has led to a large portion of the female prison population coming into the corrections system with substance abuse problems. Currently, drug relapse is the number one reason for female recidivism. Robert Johnson (2002) has suggested that if inmates learn mature coping skills, while in prison, they will be better prepared for the world outside and will be less likely to
Dealing with abstraction: case study generalisation as a method for eliciting design patterns
Developing a pattern language is a non-trivial problem. A critical requirement is a method to support pattern writers with abstraction, so as they can produce generalised patterns. In this paper, we address this issue by developing a structured process of generalisation. It is important that this process is initiated through engaging participants in identifying initial patterns, i.e. directly dealing with the 'cold-start' problem. We have found that short case study descriptions provide a produc
Learning aware environment: a Laboratorium of epidemiological studies
One challenge of the Laboratorium is to have the capacity to recognize and capture relevant events from observing the human activity, the ability to understand the learning needs and then to provide the adequate feedback in whatever form. Another challenge is the mapping of inaccessible phenomena into the sensible and temporal space of the classroom. Our design combines gaming situations and ambient technologies in the context of learning bio-statistics. This paper presents a method and a formal
A Case Study of Implementing an International Baccalaureate Middle Years Programme: Teachers' Motiva
The International Baccalaureate Middle Years Programme (IB MYP) is a highly competitive and rigorous review process of a middle school curriculum that, if successful, results in the school’s acceptance in an international form of accreditation. The purpose of this qualitative case study was to explore the factors influencing teachers’ motivation and their perceptions towards change in initiating and implementing a new program called the International Baccalaureate Middle Years Programme (IB
SECI-based Professional Learning Process Framework
This deliverable focuses on the link between individual and organizational learning based on the interaction processes at the workplace, and key implications for personal and organizational knowledge management as they relate to organizational performance. Building on the results from PROLEARN D5.3, which introduced the SECI process framework, we here modify the SECI model so that it better fits the observed interaction processes that go on between employees at the workplace. The aim is to captu
JeCo: Combining Program Visualization and Story Weaving
We present a collaborative learning tool for programming, Jeliot Collaboratively or JeCo. Jeliot Collaboratively is a combination of a program visualization tool for Java programs, called Jeliot 3, and a collaborative authoring tool, Woven Stories. We introduce these systems and explain how they can be used in learning. Furthermore, we present future directions in order to support a wider range of use cases with JeCo.
An Experience Applying Reinforcement Learning in a Web-Based Adaptive and Intelligent Educational Sy
The definition of effective pedagogical strategies for coaching and tutoring students according to their needs is one of the most important issues in Adaptive and Intelligent Educational Systems (AIES). The use of a Reinforcement Learning (RL) model allows the system to learn automatically how to teach to each student individually, only based on the acquired experience with other learners with similar characteristics, like a human tutor does. The application of this artificial intelligence techn
Une approche pro-pédagogique du diagnostic cognitif dans les STI: conception, formalisation, et imp
In an Intelligent Tutoring System (ITS), issues related to the design and the implementation of the cognitive diagnosis (DC) of learner's behavior is addressed intuitively according to the specific goals of this STI. From a purely operational viewpoint, this approach is not really bad since the STIs arising from it, "work". However, when it comes to give to DC a pedagogical dimension in the human tutors, a look into perspective on more fundamental considerations promotes reflection in this direc
Pharmaceuticals Management for Underserved Populations
Students will be guided to analyze problems and develop strategies based on real world drug management issues including regulations, manufacture, procurement, distribution, safety, policy, financing and the unique aspects of international pharmaceutical trade, the role of the World Trade Organization - Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (WTO-TRIPS), government, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and individuals/programs in the selection and use of pharmaceutical products.
Fundamentals of Program Evaluation
Fundamentals of Program Evaluation familiarizes students in different types of program evaluation, including needs assessment, formative research, process evaluation, monitoring of outputs and outcomes, impact assessment, and cost analysis.
Information Technology Education in the Sri Lankan School System: Challenges and Perspectives
Introduction of Information Technology into the secondary school curriculum in Sri Lanka is a very recent development. The subject General Information Technology (GIT) was included for G.C.E. Advanced Level Examination in 2005 while plans are afoot to introduce Information Technology as a subject for G.C.E. Ordinary Level from 2008. Results of the first GIT examination held in 2005 clearly show poor performance by students. Considering the large amount of money spent for Information Technology e