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MArCo: Building an Artificial Conflict Mediator to Support Group Planning Interactions
The emphasis on building co-operative/collaborative environments has brought out the matter of group interactions. This, in its turn, has highlighted the issue of conflicts, inherent to group problem solving. If well employed, conflicts can act as triggers of cognitive changes, and thus help to refine the group's solution to the task. In this paper, we present a computational framework for detecting and mediating Meta-Cognitive conflicts. The theoretical framework presented here enables a comput
Author(s): Azevedo Tedesco Patricia

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Looking Ahead to Select Tutorial Actions: A Decision-Theoretic Approach
We propose and evaluate a decision-theoretic approach for selecting tutorial actions by looking ahead to anticipate their effects on the student and other aspects of the tutorial state. The approach uses a dynamic decision network to consider the tutor’s uncertain beliefs and objectives in adapting to and managing the changing tutorial state. Prototype action selection engines for diverse domains – calculus and elementary reading – illustrate the approach. These applications employ a rich mod
Author(s): Murray R. Charles,VanLehn Kurt,Mostow Jack

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Synchronous computer mediated collaborative activities among collocated students: Conditions that ma
Synchronous collaborative activities are usually studied in conditions where teachers and students are physically separated. Is there any possibility to apply these activities when all participants are collocated? Does this collocated collaboration setting seems meaningful and for what reasons? Is the quality of learning and teaching process satisfactory high? Under what conditions? The present research explores the previous questions. More specifically, it explores synchronous computer mediated
Author(s): Fessakis George,Petrou Argyroula,Dimitracopoulou A

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CIEL: setting the stage for integrated inquiry learning
We present an integrated framework for the design, authoring, and evaluation of innovative learning scenarios for Collaborative Inquiry and Experiential Learning (CIEL). This framework has been designed to promote interoperability in environments for productive, open-ended learning, such as inquiry learning, but also learning by design and experiential learning. The CIEL framework centers around a repository of learner generated learning objects that can be saved, and retrieved in standardized f
Author(s): Van Joolingen Wouter,de Jong Ton,Manlove Sarah

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Apport de l’ingénierie ontologique aux environnements de formation à distance
Cet article explore le potentiel de l’ontologie et de l’ingénierie ontologique pour augmenter l’intelligence dans les environnements de formation à distance, ainsi que dans la conception de ces environnements. Il contient une introduction à l’ontologie avec ses origines dans la philosophie occidentale, une discussion des relations entre l’intelligence artificielle et l’ingénierie ontologique, suivie d’une description des méthodologies et des outils d’ingénierie ontologique. Plusieu
Author(s): Psyché Valéry,Mendes Olavo,Bourdeau Jacqueline

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Realism in the design process and credibility of a simulation-based virtual laboratory
The credibility of an instructional simulation is a most important issue in distance education, where it may replace hands-on activities. This credibility is based in large part upon verisimilitude, a perception strongly influenced by the simulation’s realism. This paper presents a case study encompassing the design process of a simulation-based virtual laboratory, which was guided by a realism principle, and an investigation of its credibility among potential users. We found that many characte
Author(s): Couture Marc

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Analyse des changements induits par la technologie dans des travaux pratiques de sciences expérimen
Un laboratoire distant est présenté : Educ@ffix.net, dans lequel les apprenants doivent construire un protocole d’expérience grâce à un environnement informatique dédié, puis réaliser cette expérience par l’intermédiaire d’un robot distant. Le protocole doit d’abord être validé par un tuteur artificiel, puis la manipulation est exécutée par le robot et visualisée grâce à une caméra via le web. Dans ces conditions, l’expérience de chimie est modifiée par rapport à une si
Author(s): Girault Isabelle,d'Ham Cedric

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Six Years of Knowledge Networking in Learning Sciences and Technologies
This report presents a series of in-depth reflections about the work of the Center for Innovative Learning Technologies (CILT) from 1997 until 2004. Each member of the CILT team (Principal investigator, postdoctoral scholar, project coordinator and manager) provided their personal reflections on what they, and all of us as a group, have learned from the attempt to stimulate the development and implementation of important, technology-enabled solutions to critical problems in K-14 STEM learning in
Author(s): Sabelli Nora,Pea Roy D.,Park Menlo,Alto Palo

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Emerging Social Engineering in the Wireless Classroom
Code It! fosters mathematics learning environments where pre-algebra students use handheld technologies to confidently and enjoyably explore and learn about functions. The resources we developed—server-based and handheld software and paper-based student and teacher texts—were packaged as a 20-session unit on code making and breaking and designed to boost students’ understanding of mathematical functions and their facility with the multiple representations of tables, graphs and symbols. We
Author(s): Goldman Shelley,Pea Roy D.,Maldonado Heidy

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Changing How and What Children Learn in School with Computer-Based Technologies
Schools today face ever-increasing demands in their attempts to ensure that students are well equipped to enter the workforce and navigate a complex world. Research indicates that computer technology can help support learning, and that it is especially useful in developing the higher-order skills of critical thinking, analysis, and scientific inquiry. But the mere presence of computers in the classroom does not ensure their effective use. Some computer applications have been shown to be more suc
Author(s): Roschelle Jeremy,Pea Roy D.,Hoadley Christopher M.

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CoVis geosciences web server: an internet-based resource for the k-12 community
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Author(s): Ramamurthy Mohan K.,Wilhelmson Robert B.,Hall Stev

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A Grid Approach to Provide Effective Awareness to On-line Collaborative Learning Teams
Providing collaborative learning applications the possibility to offer continuous awareness to on-line collaborative learning teams is a challenging issue since it is essential to keep participants informed of both what is happening and what happened in the learning group. Moreover, awareness is the basis to enhance collaboration and improve the individual and group performance since it allows to track and assess the collaborative learning process more objectively and to model students' behavio
Author(s): Caballé Santi,Daradoumis Thanasis,Paniagua Claudi

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The Climate Visualizer: Sense-Making Through Scientific Visualization
This paper describes the design of a learning environment, called the Climate Visualizer, intended to facilitate scientific sense-making in high school classrooms by providing students the ability to craft, inspect, and annotate scientific visualizations. The theoretical background for our design presents a view of learning as acquiring and critiquing cultural practices and stresses the need for students to appropriate the social and material aspects of practice when learning an area. This is fo
Author(s): Gordin Douglas N.,Polman Joseph L.,Pea Roy D.

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Practices of distributed intelligence and designs for education
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Author(s): Pea Roy D.

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Synthesizing instructional technologies and educational culture: exploring cognition and metacogniti
This research was initiated to examine instructional technologies and educational cultures in relation to identified cognitive and metacognitive strategies uses in school tasks. The project involved activities from the social studies curricula that were presented through two new software programs intended to support the development of problem-solving and reasoning strategies - IDEA [Interactive Decision Envisioning Aid, Pea (76)] Notecards (34) - and through instructional approaches bases upon "
Author(s): Thornburg Devin G.,Pea Roy D.

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Creatures of Habit: A Computational System to Enhance and Illuminate the Development of Scientific T
Creatures of Habit is a computer-based microworld designed to engage middle-to-high school students in the process of scientific inquiry. The system depicts a universe of interacting programmable “creatures” whose individual behavior is guided by simple rules that may model naive psychology, physical laws, chemical affinities, and other domains. Students can create or revise creature rules and explore the resulting (and often surprising) emergent behaviors within “artificial ecosystems”;
Author(s): Pea Roy D.,Eisenberg Michael,Turbak Franklyn

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The Buggy Path to The Development of Programming Expertise
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Author(s): Pea Roy D.,Soloway Elliot,Spohrer Jim C.

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Grounding Collaborative Knowledge Building in Semantics-Based Critiquing
In this paper we investigate the use of Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA), Critiquing Systems, and Knowledge Building to support computer-based teaching of English composition. We have built and tested an English Composition Critiquing System that make use of LSA to analyze student essays and compute feedback by comparing their essays with teacher's model essays. LSA values are input to a critiquing component to provide a user interface for the students. A software agent can also use the critic fe
Author(s): Mørch Anders,Cheung William,Wong Kelvin,Liu Jimin

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Informatics-based Learning Resources for Patients and their Relatives in recovery
In this paper we describe experiences from design of an informatics-based learning resource for patients and relatives. The prototype, REPARERE (learning REsource for PAtients and RElatives during REcovery), aims to support patients and their family recovering from heart surgery in meeting challenges in to daily living post discharge. Using recovery experiences and patient teaching material, REPARERE includes examples of textual information, video-clips, images and illustrations relevant to th
Author(s): Moen Anne,Smørdal Ole

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Categorisation in Knowledge building
In this paper we explore how students talk and reason when they were exposed to a set of categories taken from scientific discourse. The scientific categories are built into a web-based discussion forum (Fle) as part of a pedagogical and technological design. The scientific categories are based on the concepts of the progressive inquiry model for knowledge building. Socio-cultural theory with a focus on concepts like categories and prompting is our theoretical framework. In the DoCTA NSS proje
Author(s): Ludvigsen Sten,Mørch Anders

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