Advanced Educational Technologies : Knowledge Revisited
Advanced Educational Technology (AET) R&D cannot avoid the question of the nature of knowledge which is at the core of both learning and teaching or training. The way this problem can be handled for the purpose of design and implementation of systems supporting human learning, the question of knowledge representations for the purpose of computational models as well as the question of the place of knowledge in person/machine interactions suggest that knowledge should be revisited in the light o
Framework for Computer Programming in Preschool and Kindergarten
This thesis aims to be a contribution to the integration of activities with computer programming into preschool education contexts. It is based on experiences and observations of children aged 3, 4, and 5 years olds programming computers, using an animated programming language, ToonTalk, held between 2000 and 2004 in seven different settings, typically in weekly session held over the course of several months in each year, involving approximately 150 children and 10 educators, including early chi
Tutorial planning : Adapting course generation to todays needs.
Most of today's course generation does not allow an in-depth, generic representation of pedagogical knowledge. However, supporting individual learners with different goals requires an elaborate representation of pedagogical expertise. In this paper, I describe a framework that adapts existing approaches for representing and using pedagogical knowledge to meet today's needs. Furthermore, I will show how in this framework several of today's problems are solved, such as the integration of distribut
Clustering Students to help Evaluate Learning
In this paper we show how clustering techniques can be applied to student answers generated from a web-based tutoring tool. In particular we are interested in extracting clusters of students based on the mistakes they made using the tool, with the aim of obtaining pedagogically relevant information and providing this feedback to the teacher. The data we used comes from the Logic-ITA, a web-based tutoring tool to practice formal proofs currently in use in the School of Information Technologies at
Understanding and analysing activity and learning in virtual communities
The purpose of this study is to provide a preliminary framework to observe, analyse and evaluate both activity and learning in virtual communities. So various types of virtual communities will be studied by examining their relationship to socialisation and learning. After a presentation of the main ideas of Wenger’s social learning theory, the principal components of the social context of the emergence and evolution of virtual communities will be described. It will show how taking this context
For a renewed academy industry research partnership
The joint venture between the academic research on learning technology and industry along the past decade shares similarity with the gold rush: great effort for a too small outcome. From all the energy spent, “acadustry” has emerged; a chimerical community of practice, merging academic and industry objectives and traditions. The relevance and fruitfulness of this new community is questionable. This presentation will suggest revisiting the orientation of the eLearning research policy, taking
The role of interactive visualizations in the development of concepts of logic.
The main objective of the experiments described in this paper is to examine whether instructional variables often used in learning empirical sciences can also be used to facilitate the development of knowledge and skills in the formal sciences, particularly in learning logic. In learning empirical sciences, many positive effects have been reported which can be accounted for by the use of visualisation techniques, multiple representations and possibilities for the learners to interact with repres
Applying Competence Structures for Peer Tutor Recommendations in CSCL Environments.
Competence structures of the content and competence modelling of the learners provide well-suitable means for finding appropriate peer tutors in CSCL based on asynchronous messaging and annotations. Various criteria for the appropriateness of potential peer tutors can be discussed. An internet-based system used as a large scale Web experiment can then also deliver data for evaluating such criteria.
SALL: Specifying a system to Support Academics' Lifelong Learning
This project focuses on the specification of a system to support academics during the lifelong learning process. The initial data collection involved conducting interviews and a survey amongst academics from several disciplines. The collected data was combined with learning theories to reveal the ways in which technology could support academics. Subsequently, the needs that would be addressed by the proposed system were considered. Accordingly, the guided metaphor of the system was decided to be
Approche auteur pour les Situations Actives d'Apprentissage : Scénarios, Suivi et Ingénierie
Not available,Mémoire d'Habilitation à Diriger des Recherches, spécialité informatique, Université Joseph Fourier – Grenoble 1, Laboratoire CLIPS- IMAG, Grenoble, 22 Octobre 2005
An Integrated Approach for Analysing and Assessing the Performance of Virtual Learning Groups
Collaborative distance learning involves a variety of elements and factors that have to be considered and measured in order to analyse and assess group and individual performance more effectively and objectively. This paper presents an approach that integrates qualitative, social network analysis (SNA) and quantitative techniques for evaluating online collaborative learning interactions. Integration of various different data sources, tools and techniques provides a more complete and robust frame
What does multimodality mean for English?: creative tensions in teaching new texts and new literacie
The argument for a pedagogy which embraces visual and multimodal representation is well established in academic circles (Kress & Van Leeuwen, 1996; New London Group, 1996; Cope & Kalantzis, 2000) and a plethora of literacies congregate around the ever-expanding subject English as the prime site for innovation and development. This paper will focus on one exploratory case study from the Economic and Social Research Council InterActive Education Project1 to examine how working with multimodal text
Integrating conceptions of learning for advancing educational practices
Introduction: I have argued elsewhere (Desforges, 2000b) that the core function of educational research is to make a contribution to the educational enterprise. Education is society's commitment to enhancing the human condition through capitalising on human potential for learning. There are many factors involved in such a mission. Better education entails better resourcing, creativity, will, energy and resourcefulness. Researchers must make their contribution by adding to the base of knowledge a
Exploring Light: Absorb, Reflect, Transmit or Refract?
In a hands-on way, students explore light's properties of absorption, reflection, transmission and refraction through various experimental stations within the classroom. To understand absorption, reflection and transmission, they shine flashlights on a number of preselected objects. To understand refraction, students create indoor rainbows. An understanding of the fundamental properties of light is essential to designing an invisible laser security system.
French Intermediate RLO 3 - understanding cultural differences
This RLO focuses on listening skills, using a video clip. The objective is describing yourself.
French Intermediate RLO 18 - regional dishes
This RLO focuses on listening (main skill) and reading (sub-skill). Its main objective is understanding descriptions of regional recipes.
Size and Scale
Another good lesson plan from DiscoverySchool.com, the Size and Scale Web site gives teachers a well conceived and thorough activity on the physics of size and scale. Objectives of the lesson include: understanding the relative sizes of bodies in our solar system and the problem of making a scale model of the entire solar system (because the distances in space are so great that even a very small scale model would be too large to be practical). The site contains all the information needed to comp
Preliminary Bibliography on The Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male
Books and Theses Journal Articles Video, Film, and Television
Population Aging and Economic Growth
Between 2000 and 2050, the share of the population aged 60 and over is projected to increase in every country in the world; the same is true for the 80+ population in all but one country (Mali). Worldwide, the largest absolute increases are yet to come. Although labor force participation rates are projected to decline from 2000 to 2040 in most countries, due mainly to changes in their age distributions, laborforce- to-population ratios will actually increase in most countries. This is because lo
This site features QuickTime and Flash animations that illustrate various aspects of ocean-related activity, including normal, El Nino, and La Nina conditions, ocean plant productivity, causes of upwelling, ocean current patterns, and the origin of tides. The animations can be paused and rewound to stress important points. These resources are suitable for use in lectures, labs, or other teaching activities.